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Biological anthropology

Author: Michael Alan Park
Publisher: Boston : McGraw Hill, ©2008.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 5th edView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:

An introduction to biological anthropology. This book discusses the core areas of discipline within a framework modeled on the scientific method. It emphasizes themes and theory.

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Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Michael Alan Park
ISBN: 9780073530970 0073530972
OCLC Number: 70668864
Description: volumes (various pagings), 447 pages : illustrations (chiefly color), color maps ; 23 cm
Contents: Previous Edition TOC 1. BIOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY In the Field: Doing Biological Anthropology What Is Biological Anthropology? Bioanthropology and Science The Scientific Method Belief Systems Contemporary Reflections: Is Evolution a Fact, a Theory or Just a Hypothesis? Summary Questions for Further Thought Key Terms Suggested Readings 2. THE EVOLUTION OF EVOLUTION "On the Shoulders of Giants": Explaining the Changing Earth "Common Sense at Its Best": Explaining Biological Change Contemporary Reflections: Has Science Dehumanized Society? Summary Questions for Further Thought Key Terms Suggested Readings 3. EVOLUTIONARY GENETICS How Genes Work An Overview of the Human Genome From Gene to Trait How Inheritance Works Contemporary Reflections: What Is Genetic Cloning? Summary Questions for Further Thought Key Terms Suggested Readings 4. THE PROCESSES OF EVOLUTION Species: The Units of Evolution Mutations: Necessary Errors Natural Selection: The Prime Mover of Evolution Gene Flow: Mixing Populations' Genes Genetic Drift: Random Evolution Sickle Cell Anemia: Evolutionary Processes in Action Contemporary Reflections: Are Humans Still Evolving? Summary Questions for Further Thought Key Terms Suggested Readings 5. THE ORIGIN OF SPECIES AND THE SHAPE OF EVOLUTION New Species Adaptive Radiation: The Evolution of Life's Diversity The Shape of the Family Tree Evolution Questioned: The Pseudoscience of "Scientific Creationism" Contemporary Reflections: Can We See Evolution in Action? Summary Questions for Further Thought Key Terms Suggested Readings 6. A BRIEF EVOLUTIONARY TIMETABLE From the Beginning: A Quick History Drifting Continents and Mass Extinctions: The Pace of Change Contemporary Reflections: Are Mass Extinctions a Thing of the Past? Summary Questions for Further Thought Key Terms Suggested Readings 7. THE PRIMATES Naming the Animals Linnaean Taxonomy Cladistics What Is a Primate? The Senses Movement Reproduction Intelligence Behavior Patterns A Survey of the Living Primates Prosimians Anthropoids The Human Primate The Senses Movement Reproduction Intelligence Behavior Patterns Contemporary Reflections: What Is the Status of Our Closest Relatives? Summary Questions for Further Thought Key Terms Suggested Readings 8. PRIMATE BEHAVIOR AND HUMAN EVOLUTION Studying Behavior Baboons Chimpanzees Bonobos Contemporary Reflections: Are Some Human Behaviors Genetic? Summary Questions for Further Thought Key Terms Suggested Readings 9. STUDYING THE HUMAN PAST Bones: The Primate Skeleton Old Bones: Locating, Recovering, and Dating Fossils How Fossils Get to Be Fossils Genes: New Windows to the Past Contemporary Reflections: Who Owns Old Bones? Summary Questions for Further Thought Key Terms Suggested Readings 10. EVOLUTION OF THE HOMINIDS The Origin and Evolution of the Primates The Early Hominids: Bipedal Primates Searching for the First Hominids Bipedalism The Benefits of Bipedalism Explaining the Emergence of Bipedalism The Hominids Evolve More Australopithecenes Still More Hominids Putting It All Together Contemporary Reflections: Where Is the "Missing Link"? Summary Questions for Further Thought Key Terms Suggested Readings 11. THE EVOLUTION OF GENUS HOMO Lumpers and Splitters: An Organizing Plan The First Members of Genus Homo To New Lands Big Brains, Archaic Skulls The Neandertals Modern Humans Contemporary Reflections: What Do We Mean by "Human"? Summary Questions for Further Thought Key Terms Suggested Readings 12. THE DEBATE OVER MODERN HUMAN ORIGINS The Two Major Models The Recent African Origin (RAO) Model The Multiregional Evolution (MRE) Model The Key Requirements of Each Model The Evidence The Fossil Record Genetics Evolutionary Theory Contemporary Reflections: Is There a Connection between Modern Human Origins and Race? Mostly-Out-of-Africa: An Alternative Model Summary Questions for Further Thought Key Terms Suggested Readings 13. THE STUDY OF LIVING PEOPLES Evolution within Populations Describing Populations Human Adaptations Species Adaptations Variation in Adaptations Are All Polymorphisms Adaptively Important? Disease and Human Populations The Bioanthropology of Individuals Comtemporary Reflections: Where Is the Population Crisis? Summary Questions for Further Thought Key Terms Suggested Readings 14. HUMAN BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY Sex and Gender Race as a Biological Concept Why Are There No Biological Races within the Human Species? Human Phenotypic Variation Genetic Variation Evolutionary Theory What, Then, Are Human Races? Race, Bioanthropology, and Social Issues Contemporary Reflections: Are There Racial Differences in Athletic Ability? Summary Questions for Further Thought Key Terms Suggested Readings 15. BIOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY AND TODAY'S WORLD Forensic Anthropology: Reading the Bones Lessons from the Past Bioanthropology and Global Issues Contemporary Reflections: What Can One Do with a Degree in Bioanthropology? Summary Questions for Further Thought Suggested Readings Appendix: Genes in Populations Exercises Glossary of Human and Nonhuman Primates Glossary of Terms References Credits Index
Responsibility: Michael Alan Park.
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