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Biological invasions

Author: Wolfgang Nentwig
Publisher: Berlin ; New York : Springer, ©2007.
Series: Ecological studies, v. 193.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:

This new volume on Biological Invasions deals with both plants and animals, differing from previous books by extending from the level of individual species to an ecosystem and global level.

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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Biological invasions.
Berlin ; New York : Springer, ©2007
(OCoLC)767688878
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Wolfgang Nentwig
ISBN: 3540369198 9783540369196 3540773754 9783540773757
OCLC Number: 76685963
Description: xxv, 441 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm.
Contents: 1 Biological Invasions: why it Matters / Wolfgang Nentwig 1 --
Section I Pathways of Biological Invasions --
2 Pathways in Animal Invasions / Wolfgang Nentwig 11 --
2.1 Natural Dispersal Versus more Recent Invasions 11 --
2.2 Unintentional Introductions 12 --
2.2.1 Transports 12 --
2.2.1.1 Tramps in Vehicles and Planes 12 --
2.2.1.2 Waterways and Shipping 15 --
2.2.1.3 Transported Plant Material 16 --
2.2.2 Escapes 17 --
2.3 Intentional Introductions 18 --
2.3.1 Human Nutrition 18 --
2.3.1.1 Global Distribution of Domesticated Animals 18 --
2.3.1.2 Release of Mammals and Birds for Hunting 19 --
2.3.1.3 Release of Fish and Other Species 20 --
2.3.2 Beneficials or Biological Control Agents 22 --
2.3.2.1 Vertebrates 22 --
2.3.2.2 Invertebrates 23 --
2.3.3 Ornamental Animals and Pets 23 --
3 Pathways in Plant Invasions / Ingo Kowarik, Moritz von der Lippe 29 --
3.2.1 Introduction Mode and Invasion Success 31 --
3.2.2 Coinciding Pathways of Deliberate and Accidental Introductions 33 --
3.2.3 Invasions at the Infra-Specific Level Through Deliberate Introductions 34 --
3.3 Deliberate Secondary Releases Within the New Range 35 --
3.3.1 Cultivation as a Driver in Plant Invasions 36 --
3.3.2 From Clumped to Linear Patterns 37 --
3.4 Accidental Transfer of Non-Target Species 37 --
3.4.1 Transfer by Goods: Spatial-Temporal Separation of Propagule Transport and Release 38 --
3.4.2 Direct Association with Vehicles: Coincidence of Transport and Release 39 --
3.4.2.1 Adhesion to Vehicles 40 --
4.2.2 Transport Routes: from Patterns to Processes 40 --
3.4.3 Role of Living Conveyers 42 --
4 Is Ballast Water a Major Dispersal Mechanism for Marine Organisms? / Stephan Gollasch 49 --
4.2 Vectors 50 --
4.3 Relative Vector Importance 51 --
4.4 Ballast Water 52 --
4.5 Risk-Reducing Measures 53 --
4.6 Ballast Water Management Options 54 --
5 Waterways as Invasion Highways --
Impact of Climate Change and Globalization / Bella S. Galil, Stefan Nehring, Vadim Panov 59 --
5.2 The Watery Web --
Inland Waterways of Europe 60 --
5.3 Aquatic Highways for Invasion 61 --
5.4 Hot and Hotter --
the Role of Temperature in European Waterways Invasions 64 --
5.5 Future of Waterways Transport 66 --
5.6 Suez and Panama --
the Interoceanic Canals 67 --
5.7 Globalization and Shipping --
"Size Matters" 69 --
Section II Traits of a Good Invader --
6 Integrating Ecological and Evolutionary Theory of Biological Invasions / Ruth A. Hufbauer, Mark E. Torchin 79 --
6.2 Hypotheses to Explain Biological Invasion 82 --
6.2.1 Ecological Hypotheses 83 --
6.2.2 Evolutionary Hypotheses 85 --
6.3 Proposed Refinements to Hypotheses, Predictions and Tests 87 --
6.3.1 Refining the Enemy Release Hypothesis 87 --
6.3.2 Refining the Evolution of Increased Competitive Ability Hypothesis 88 --
6.4 Recent Syntheses and Synergies Between Hypotheses 88 --
7 Traits Associated with Invasiveness in Alien Plants: Where Do we Stand? / Petr Pysek, David M. Richardson 97 --
7.1 History of the Search for Traits and Shifts in Research Focus 97 --
7.2 Comparative Analyses of Multispecies Datasets: Every Picture Tells a Story 99 --
7.2.1 Methodological Approaches: what is Being Compared? 99 --
7.2.2 Data, Scale and Analysis 106 --
7.2.3 Main Findings of Comparative Multispecies Studies (1995-2005) 107 --
7.2.4 Biases to Bear in Mind: Residence Time, Scale and Stage 111 --
7.2.5 Message from Comparative Multispecies Studies 112 --
7.3 Studies of Congeners and Confamilials 113 --
7.3.1 Assumptions for Congeneric Studies 114 --
7.3.2 Searching for Generalities Within Genera 114 --
7.4 Combining Approaches: Pooling the Evidence 119 --
7.5 Conclusions: Where Do we Stand? 120 --
8 Do Successful Invaders Exist? Pre-Adaptations to Novel Environments in Terrestrial Vertebrates / Daniel Sol 127 --
8.2 Framework 127 --
8.3 Do Successful Invaders Exist? 129 --
8.4 What Makes a Species a Successful Invader? 132 --
8.5 Conclusions and Future Directions 137 --
Section III Patterns of Invasion and Invasibility --
9 Effects of Land Management Practices on Plant Invasions in Wildland Areas / Matthew L. Brooks 147 --
9.2 Factors that Affect Plant Invasions 148 --
9.3 Linking Land Management Practices with Invasion Potential 151 --
9.3.1 Vehicular Route Management 151 --
9.3.1.1 Vehicles 153 --
9.3.1.2 Vehicular Routes 153 --
9.4 Managing Established Populations of Invasive Plants 155 --
9.4.1 Effects of Vegetation Management on Resource Availability 155 --
9.4.2 Effects of Vegetation Management on Propagule Pressure of Invaders 158 --
9.4.3 Predicting the Effects of Vegetation Management Treatments 158 --
10 Nitrogen Enrichment and Plant Invasions: the Importance of Nitrogen-Fixing Plants and Anthropogenic Eutrophication / Michael Scherer-Lorenzen, Harry Olde Venterink, Holger Buschmann 163 --
10.2 Alterations of the N-Cycle by Exotic Invaders 164 --
10.2.1 Nitrogen-Fixing Species Among Invasives and Natives 164 --
10.2.2 Nitrogen Input by N[subscript 2]-Fixing Invasive Species 165 --
10.2.3 Major Invasive Nitrogen-Fixing Species 166 --
10.2.4 Facilitated Secondary Invasion 168 --
10.2.5 Nitrogen Fixation Suppressed by Invasion 169 --
10.3 Nitrogen Deposition and Exotic Invasions 169 --
10.3.1 N Deposition and Eutrophication in Natural Ecosystems 169 --
10.3.2 A Short Note on Mechanisms 170 --
10.3.3 Evidence for Effects of N Deposition on Plant Invasions? 171 --
10.3.3.1 Spatial Correlations 171 --
10.3.3.2 Observational Studies 173 --
10.3.3.3 Nutrient Addition Experiments 174 --
10.3.4 Interaction of N Deposition with Other Drivers of Environmental Change 175 --
10.4 Future Challenges 176 --
11 From Ecosystem Invasibility to Local, Regional and Global Patterns of Invasive Species / Ingolf Kuhn, Stefan Klotz 181 --
11.3 Case Studies on Ecosystem Invasibility 184 --
11.4 Scale Dependence of Invasibility and the Importance of Environmental Factors 185 --
11.5 Local, Regional and Global Patterns 190 --
11.6 Scale-Dependent Consequences for Biodiversity of Invaded Ecosystems 192 --
12 Will Climate Change Promote Alien Plant Invasions? / Wilfried Thuiller, David M. Richardson, Guy F. Midgley 197 --
12.2 Current and Emerging Knowledge 200 --
12.2.1 Elevated Carbon Dioxide 201 --
12.2.1.1 Observations and Experimental Findings 201 --
12.2.1.2 Future Expectations 202 --
12.2.2 Changing Climate with Respect to Temperature and Rainfall 203 --
12.2.3 Future Expectations 204 --
12.2.4 Other Factors 206 --
12.2.5 Increased Fire Frequency 206 --
Section IV Ecological Impact of Biological Invasions --
13 Impacts of Invasive Species on Ecosystem Services / Heather Charles, Jeffrey S. Dukes 217 --
13.2 Relating Costs of Invasives to Valuation of Ecosystem Services 218 --
13.2.1 Valuing Ecosystem Services 218 --
13.2.2 Interpreting Invasive Impacts 220 --
13.3 Mechanisms of Alteration 223 --
13.3.1 Species Extinctions and Community Structure 223 --
13.3.2 Energy, Nutrient, and Water Cycling 224 --
13.3.3 Disturbance Regime, Climate, and Physical Habitat 225 --
13.4 Which Ecosystems Are at Risk and Which Invasives Have the Greatest Impact? 226 --
13.5 Case Studies and Examples 229 --
13.5.1 Provisioning Ecosystem Services 229 --
13.5.2 Regulating Ecosystem Services 230 --
13.5.3 Cultural Ecosystem Services 231 --
13.5.4 Supporting Ecosystem Services 232 --
14 Biological Invasions by Marine Jellyfish / William M. Graham, Keith M. Bayha 239 --
14.2 Ctenophores 240 --
14.2.1 Mnemiopsis leidyi 240 --
14.2.2 Beroe ovata 241 --
14.3 Medusae (Cnidaria) 242 --
14.3.1 Phyllorhiza punctata (Scyphozon) 242 --
14.3.2 Cassiopea andromeda (Scyphozoa) 243 --
14.3.3 Rhopilema nomadica (Scyphozoa) 244 --
14.3.4 Aurelia spp. (Scyphozoa) 244 --
14.3.5 Maeotias marginata, Blackfordia virginica, and Moerisia lyonsii (Hydrozoa) 245 --
14.4 Jellyfish Invasions: Blooms and Ecosystem Controls 245 --
14.5 The Role of Life-Histories 247 --
14.6 Taxonomic Confusion, Species Crypsis, and Morphological Plasticity 248 --
14.7 Transport of Invasive Marine Jellyfish 249 --
15 Effects of Invasive Non-Native Species on the Native Biodiversity in the River Rhine / Bruno Baur, Stephanie Schmidlin 257 --
15.2 The River Rhine 258 --
15.3 Native Biodiversity and Invasion History 260 --
15.4 Species Interactions and Mechanisms of Replacement 264 --
15.4.1 Amphipods 264 --
15.4.2 Molluscs 266 --
15.5 Why Are There so many Non-Native Species in the Rhine? 268 --
16 Hybridization and Introgression Between Native and Alien Species / Carlo R. Largiader 275 --
16.2 Definitions and Technical Aspects 277 --
16.2.1 Definition of Hybridization and Introgression 277 --
16.2.2 Genetic and Statistical Tools 278 --
16.3 Basic Types of Anthropogenic Hybridization: Empirical Examples 279 --
16.3.1 Hybridization Without Introgression 279 --
16.3.2 Hybridization with Introgression 281 --
16.4 Hybridization as a Stimulus for the Evolution of Invasiveness and the Emergence of Anthropogenic Hybrid Taxa 285 --
16.5 Can we Predict Introgressive Hybridization and its Outcome? 286 --
16.5.1 Genetic Differentiation Between Taxa as an Indicator 286 --
16.5.2 Habitat Modifications 286 --
16.5.3 Introduction Intensity 287 --
16.5.4 Differences Between Populations 287 --
17 Genetically Modified Organisms as Invasive Species? / Rosie Hails, Tracey Timms-Wilson 293 --
17.2 Quantitative Measures of Invasion Risk 293 --
17.3 Gene Flow: the First Step to Invasiveness of Transgenes 295 --
17.3.1 Gene Escape in Bacterial Communities 295 --
17.3.1.1 Transformation 296.
Series Title: Ecological studies, v. 193.
Responsibility: W. Nentwig (ed.).
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From the reviews: "This book is truly outstanding. It addresses basically all relevant aspects of biological invasions. a ] In conclusion, this is an excellent book of enormous breadth and scope. Read more...

 
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