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The birth of star clusters

Author: Steven William Stahler
Publisher: Cham : Springer, ©2018.
Series: Astrophysics and space science library, v. 424.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
All stars are born in groups. The origin of these groups has long been a key question in astronomy, one that interests researchers in star formation, the interstellar medium, and cosmology. This volume summarizes current progress in the field, and includes contributions from both theorists and observers. Star clusters appear with a wide range of properties, and are born in a variety of physical conditions. Yet the  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Stahler, Steven.
Birth of Star Clusters.
Cham : Springer International Publishing, ©2017
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Steven William Stahler
ISBN: 9783319228013 3319228013
OCLC Number: 1012344985
Notes: ""4.3 The Cluster Age Distribution and Cluster Disruption""
Description: 1 online resource (205 pages).
Contents: ""Preface""; ""Contents""; ""1 Embedded Clusters""; ""1.1 Introduction""; ""1.2 What Is an Embedded Cluster?""; ""1.2.1 Defining ``Embedded''""; ""1.2.2 Defining ``Cluster''""; ""1.2.2.1 Morphological Criteria""; ""1.2.2.2 Dynamical Criteria""; ""1.3 Morphology and Structure""; ""1.3.1 Observational Challenges""; ""1.3.2 Cluster Morphologies""; ""1.3.3 The Molecular Cloud Scale""; ""1.3.3.1 Cluster Complexes""; ""1.3.3.2 Isolated Clusters""; ""1.3.3.3 Unclustered Young Stars""; ""1.4 Age Spreads""; ""1.4.1 Age Spreads in Cluster Complexes""; ""1.4.2 Age Spreads in Individual Clusters"" ""1.4.3 Age Spreads of the Unclustered Stars""""1.5 Stellar Mass Distributions""; ""1.6 Embedded Clusters and Star Formation""; ""References""; ""2 Numerical Simulations of Cluster Formation""; ""2.1 Introduction""; ""2.2 Isothermal Hydrodynamical Simulations""; ""2.2.1 Some General Considerations""; ""2.2.1.1 Ratio of Thermal and Gravitational Energies""; ""2.2.1.2 Jeans Length, Jeans Mass and Freefall Time""; ""2.2.2 Numerical Techniques""; ""2.2.3 General Setups""; ""2.2.4 Result of Hydrodynamical Simulations""; ""2.2.4.1 Formation of Gaseous Protocluster"" ""2.2.4.2 Fragmentation Within Clusters""""2.3 Radiative Feedback""; ""2.3.1 Some Simple Arguments""; ""2.3.1.1 The Radiation Pressure Problem""; ""2.3.1.2 The Issue of Fragmentation""; ""2.3.2 Result of 2D Multi-Wavelength Simulations""; ""2.3.3 Result of 3D Simulations with Radiative Feedback""; ""2.4 Impact of the Magnetic Field""; ""2.4.1 The Lorentz Force and Its Consequences""; ""2.4.1.1 Magnetic Support""; ""2.4.1.2 Magnetic Braking""; ""2.4.2 Results of Large-Scale MHD Simulations""; ""2.4.2.1 MHD Barotropic Calculations""; ""2.4.2.2 MHD Radiative Calculations"" ""2.5 Impact of HII Radiation""""2.5.1 Analytical Estimates""; ""2.5.2 Simulations with HII Radiation""; ""2.6 Impact of Protostellar Jets""; ""2.6.1 Analytical Estimate""; ""2.6.2 Simulations with Jets""; ""2.7 Conclusion""; ""2.7.1 The Star Formation Efficiency""; ""2.7.2 The Star Formation Rate""; ""2.7.3 The Initial Mass Function""; ""References""; ""3 Massive Young Clusters Near the Galactic Center""; ""3.1 Introduction: Three Massive Young Clusters""; ""3.2 Discovery and Early History""; ""3.3 Stellar Content and Cluster Ages""; ""3.4 Structure and Dynamics"" ""3.5 Present-Day and Initial Mass Functions""""3.6 Cluster Orbits and Birth Locations""; ""3.7 Observational Methodology""; ""3.8 Star Formation: Is it Peculiar?""; ""3.9 Open Questions""; ""References""; ""4 The Lifecycle of Clusters in Galaxies""; ""4.1 Introduction""; ""4.2 Cluster Populations""; ""4.2.1 Cluster Formation""; ""4.2.1.1 The Cluster Mass and Luminosity Functions""; ""4.2.1.2 The Size-of-Sample Effect""; ""4.2.1.3 The Cluster Formation Efficiency on Global Scales""; ""4.2.1.4 The Cluster Formation Efficiency on Local Scales: The Case of M83""
Series Title: Astrophysics and space science library, v. 424.
Responsibility: Steven Stahler, editor.

Abstract:

All stars are born in groups. Yet the key question remains: How do diffuse clouds of gas condense into the collections of luminous objects we call stars? This book will benefit graduate students,  Read more...

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