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Black Americans in Congress, 1870-2007

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on House Administration.; United States. Congress. House. Office of History and Preservation.
Publisher: Washington : U.S. G.P.O. : For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O., 2008.
Series: House document (United States. Congress. House), 108-224.
Edition/Format:   Book : Biography : National government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
From the publisher: Provides a comprehensive history of the more than 120 African Americans who have served in the United States Congress. Written for a general audience, this book contains a profile of each African-American Member, including notables such as Hiram Revels, Joseph Rainey, Oscar De Priest, Adam Clayton Powell, Shirley Chisholm, Gus Hawkins, and Barbara Jordan. Individual profiles are introduced by  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Biography
Additional Physical Format: Black Americans in Congress, 1870-2007
v, 803 p.
(OCoLC)276988724
Online version:
Black Americans in Congress, 1870-2007.
Washington : U.S.G.P.O. : For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S.G.P.O., 2008
(OCoLC)624183300
Material Type: Biography, Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: United States. Congress. House. Committee on House Administration.; United States. Congress. House. Office of History and Preservation.
ISBN: 9780160801945 : 016080194X
OCLC Number: 213080674
Notes: Dedication sheet inserted.
Shipping list no.: 2009-0004-S.
Description: v, 803 p. : ill., ports. ; 28 cm.
Details: Mode of access: Internet from the GPO Access web site. Address as of 12/4/08: http://www.gpoaccess.gov/serialset/cdocuments/hd108-224/index.html ; current access is available via PURL.
Contents: Introduction: Shared experiences of black Americans in Congress --
The historiography of black Americans in Congress --
PART 1. FORMER BLACK-AMERICAN MEMBERS. "The Fifteenth Amendment in flesh and blood": The symbolic generation of black Americans in Congress, 1870-1887 --
Reconstruction's new order --
Freedmen's Bureau --
Pre-Congressional experience: slavery, education, professional background --
Crafting an identity: the Republican Party and black representation; elections; contested elections --
Washington experience --
Legislative interests: committee assignments; Ku Klux Klan and amnesty acts --
Civil Rights Bill of 1875 --
Rolling back civil rights --
Statistics charts: Congressional service for black Americans first elected, 1870-1886 --
Party divisions in the House of Representatives, 41st-49th congresses (1869-1887) --
Party divisions in the Senate, 41st-49th congresses (1869-1887) --
Contested election cases in the House: 1789-1901 --
Contested election cases in the House: 1856-1901 --
Hiram Rhodes Revels --
Joseph Hayne Rainey --
Jefferson Franklin Long --
Robert Carlos De Large --
Robert Brown Elliott --
Benjamin Sterling Turner --
Josiah Thomas Walls --
Richard Harvey Cain --
John Roy Lynch --
Alonzo Jacob Ransier --
James Thomas Rapier --
Blanche Kelso Bruce --
Jeremiah Haralson --
John Adams Hyman --
Charles Edmund Nash --
Robert Smalls --
James Edward O'Hara --
"The Negroes' temporary farewell": Jim Crow and the exclusion of African Americans from Congress, 1887-1929 --
Shifting Republican focus --
Elections: disfranchisement/disenfranchisement --
"Packing" and "cracking" black majority districts --
Fusion --
Black political rivalries --
Legislative interests: Monetary, economic, and foreign policy issues --
Federal elections bill --
Early Congressional anti-lynching campaign --
Reduction --
Historical legacy --
A generation lost --
Segregationist legislation and the rise of the NAACP --
WWI and the great migration --
Anti-lynching legislation renewed --
Reduction redux --
Power of the Southern Bloc in Congress --
Party realignment --
FORMER MEMBERS, 1887-1929: Henry Plummer Cheatham --
John Mercer Langston --
Thomas Ezekiel Miller --
George Washington Murray --
George Henry White --
Keeping the faith: African Americans return to Congress, 1929-1970 --
Longevity and seniority --
Party realignment and the New Deal --
The limits of New Deal reform --
WW2 --
Postwar foreign policy and African-American civil rights --
The Civil Rights Movement and the 2nd Reconstruction, 1945-1968 --
Civil Rights Act of 1957 --
Civil Rights Act of 1964 --
Voting Rights Act of 1965 --
Civil Rights Act of 1968 --
Crafting an Institutional Identity: Confronting racism --
Speaking out against segregation --
FORMER MEMBERS, 1929-1970: Oscar Stanton De Priest --
Arthur Wergs Mitchell --
William Levi Dawson --
Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. --
Charles Coles Diggs, Jr. --
Robert Nelson Cornelius Nix, Sr. --
Augustus Freeman (Gus) Hawkins --
Edward William Brooke III --
Shirley A. Chisholm --
William Lacy (Bill) Clay, Sr. --
Louis Stokes --
George Washington Collins --
Permanent interests: The expansion, organization, and rising influence of African Americans in Congress, 1971-2007 --
Civil rights activism --
Creation and evolution of the Congressional Black Caucus --
Institution advancement --
Member characteristics: electoral longevity --
Seniority and leadership posts --
Legislative interests --
Economic opportunity --
District of Columbia --
Conflicting interests --
Commemorative legislation --
Foreign policy: Africa and apartheid --
Crafting an identity on Capitol Hill --
Conflicting imperatives: black interests vs party agenda --
Investigations, corruption, and race --
Redistricting and "deracialization": opportunities and limits --
FORMER MEMBERS, 1971-2007: Ronald V. Dellums --
Ralph Harold Metcalfe --
Parren James Mitchell --
Walter Edward Fauntroy --
Yvonne Brathwaite Burke --
Barbara Jordan --
Andrew Jackson Young, Jr. --
Cardiss Collins --
Harold Eugene Ford, Sr. --
Julian Carey Dixon --
Melvin Herbert Evans --
William Herbert Gray, III --
George Thomas (Mickey) Leland --
Bennett McVey Stewart --
George William Crockett, Jr. --
Mervyn Malcolm Dymally --
Gus Savage --
Harold Washington --
Katie Beatrice Hall --
Major Robert Odell Owens --
Alan Dupree Wheat --
Charles Arthur Hayes --
Alton R. Waldon, Jr. --
Alphonso Michael (Mike) Espy --
Floyd Harold Flake --
--
Kweisi Mfume --
Craig Anthony Washington --
Barbara-Rose Collins --
Gary A. Franks --
Lucien Edward Blackwell --
Eva M. Clayton --
Cleo Fields --
Earl Frederick Hilliard --
Cynthia Ann McKinney --
Carrie P. Meek --
Carol Moseley-Braun --
Mel Reynolds --
Walter R. Tucker, III --
Victor O. Frazer --
Julius Caesar (J. C.) Watts, Jr. --
Juanita Millender-McDonald --
Julia May Carson --
Harold Ford., Jr. --
Frank W. Ballance, Jr. --
Denise L. Majette --
PT. 2. CURRENT BLACK-AMERICAN MEMBERS. Sanford D. Bishop, Jr. --
Corrine Brown --
G. K. Butterfield --
Donna M. Christensen --
William L. Clay, Jr. --
Emanuel Cleaver, II --
James E. Clyburn --
John Conyers, Jf. --
Elijah E. Cummings --
Artur Davis --
Danny K. Davis --
Chaka Fattah --
Al Green --
Alcee Hastings --
Jesse Jackson, Jr. --
Sheila Jackson Lee --
William J. Jefferson --
Eddie Bernice Johnson --
Stephanie Tubbs Jones --
Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick --
Barbara Lee --
John Lewis --
Kendrick B. Meek --
Gregory W. Meeks --
Gwendolynne S. (Gwen) Moore --
Eleanor Holmes Norton --
Barack Obama --
Donald M. Payne --
Charles B. Rangel --
Bobby L. Rush --
David Scott --
Robert C. Scott --
Bennie Thompson --
Edolphus Towns --
Maxine Waters --
Diane Edith Watson --
Melvin L. Watt --
Albert R. Wynn --
Yvette Clarke --
Keith Ellison --
Hank Johnson --
Laura Richardson --
Black-American representatives and senators by congress, 1870-2007 --
Black members' committee assignments (standing, joint, select) in the U.S. House and Senate, 1870-2007 --
Black Americans who have chaired congressional committees, 1977-2007 --
Black Americans in party leadership positions, 1977-2007 --
Congressional black caucus chairmen and chairwomen, 1971-2007 --
Constitutional amendments and major civil rights acts of congress referenced in the text.
Series Title: House document (United States. Congress. House), 108-224.
Responsibility: prepared under the direction of the Committee on House Administration of the U.S. House of Representatives, by the Office of History and Preservation, Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives.
More information:

Abstract:

From the publisher: Provides a comprehensive history of the more than 120 African Americans who have served in the United States Congress. Written for a general audience, this book contains a profile of each African-American Member, including notables such as Hiram Revels, Joseph Rainey, Oscar De Priest, Adam Clayton Powell, Shirley Chisholm, Gus Hawkins, and Barbara Jordan. Individual profiles are introduced by contextual essays that explain major events in congressional and U.S. history. Illustrated with many portraits, photographs, and charts.

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Linked Data


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schema:description"FORMER MEMBERS, 1887-1929: Henry Plummer Cheatham -- John Mercer Langston -- Thomas Ezekiel Miller -- George Washington Murray -- George Henry White -- Keeping the faith: African Americans return to Congress, 1929-1970 -- Longevity and seniority -- Party realignment and the New Deal -- The limits of New Deal reform -- WW2 -- Postwar foreign policy and African-American civil rights -- The Civil Rights Movement and the 2nd Reconstruction, 1945-1968 -- Civil Rights Act of 1957 -- Civil Rights Act of 1964 -- Voting Rights Act of 1965 -- Civil Rights Act of 1968 -- Crafting an Institutional Identity: Confronting racism -- Speaking out against segregation -- FORMER MEMBERS, 1929-1970: Oscar Stanton De Priest -- Arthur Wergs Mitchell -- William Levi Dawson -- Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. -- Charles Coles Diggs, Jr. -- Robert Nelson Cornelius Nix, Sr. -- Augustus Freeman (Gus) Hawkins -- Edward William Brooke III -- Shirley A. Chisholm -- William Lacy (Bill) Clay, Sr. -- Louis Stokes -- George Washington Collins -- Permanent interests: The expansion, organization, and rising influence of African Americans in Congress, 1971-2007 -- Civil rights activism -- Creation and evolution of the Congressional Black Caucus -- Institution advancement -- Member characteristics: electoral longevity -- Seniority and leadership posts -- Legislative interests -- Economic opportunity -- District of Columbia -- Conflicting interests -- Commemorative legislation -- Foreign policy: Africa and apartheid -- Crafting an identity on Capitol Hill -- Conflicting imperatives: black interests vs party agenda -- Investigations, corruption, and race -- Redistricting and "deracialization": opportunities and limits --"@en
schema:description"PT. 2. CURRENT BLACK-AMERICAN MEMBERS. Sanford D. Bishop, Jr. -- Corrine Brown -- G. K. Butterfield -- Donna M. Christensen -- William L. Clay, Jr. -- Emanuel Cleaver, II -- James E. Clyburn -- John Conyers, Jf. -- Elijah E. Cummings -- Artur Davis -- Danny K. Davis -- Chaka Fattah -- Al Green -- Alcee Hastings -- Jesse Jackson, Jr. -- Sheila Jackson Lee -- William J. Jefferson -- Eddie Bernice Johnson -- Stephanie Tubbs Jones -- Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick -- Barbara Lee -- John Lewis -- Kendrick B. Meek -- Gregory W. Meeks -- Gwendolynne S. (Gwen) Moore -- Eleanor Holmes Norton -- Barack Obama -- Donald M. Payne -- Charles B. Rangel -- Bobby L. Rush -- David Scott -- Robert C. Scott -- Bennie Thompson -- Edolphus Towns -- Maxine Waters -- Diane Edith Watson -- Melvin L. Watt -- Albert R. Wynn -- Yvette Clarke -- Keith Ellison -- Hank Johnson -- Laura Richardson -- Black-American representatives and senators by congress, 1870-2007 -- Black members' committee assignments (standing, joint, select) in the U.S. House and Senate, 1870-2007 -- Black Americans who have chaired congressional committees, 1977-2007 -- Black Americans in party leadership positions, 1977-2007 -- Congressional black caucus chairmen and chairwomen, 1971-2007 -- Constitutional amendments and major civil rights acts of congress referenced in the text."@en
schema:description"From the publisher: Provides a comprehensive history of the more than 120 African Americans who have served in the United States Congress. Written for a general audience, this book contains a profile of each African-American Member, including notables such as Hiram Revels, Joseph Rainey, Oscar De Priest, Adam Clayton Powell, Shirley Chisholm, Gus Hawkins, and Barbara Jordan. Individual profiles are introduced by contextual essays that explain major events in congressional and U.S. history. Illustrated with many portraits, photographs, and charts."@en
schema:description"Introduction: Shared experiences of black Americans in Congress -- The historiography of black Americans in Congress -- PART 1. FORMER BLACK-AMERICAN MEMBERS. "The Fifteenth Amendment in flesh and blood": The symbolic generation of black Americans in Congress, 1870-1887 -- Reconstruction's new order -- Freedmen's Bureau -- Pre-Congressional experience: slavery, education, professional background -- Crafting an identity: the Republican Party and black representation; elections; contested elections -- Washington experience -- Legislative interests: committee assignments; Ku Klux Klan and amnesty acts -- Civil Rights Bill of 1875 -- Rolling back civil rights -- Statistics charts: Congressional service for black Americans first elected, 1870-1886 -- Party divisions in the House of Representatives, 41st-49th congresses (1869-1887) -- Party divisions in the Senate, 41st-49th congresses (1869-1887) -- Contested election cases in the House: 1789-1901 -- Contested election cases in the House: 1856-1901 -- Hiram Rhodes Revels -- Joseph Hayne Rainey -- Jefferson Franklin Long -- Robert Carlos De Large -- Robert Brown Elliott -- Benjamin Sterling Turner -- Josiah Thomas Walls -- Richard Harvey Cain -- John Roy Lynch -- Alonzo Jacob Ransier -- James Thomas Rapier -- Blanche Kelso Bruce -- Jeremiah Haralson -- John Adams Hyman -- Charles Edmund Nash -- Robert Smalls -- James Edward O'Hara -- "The Negroes' temporary farewell": Jim Crow and the exclusion of African Americans from Congress, 1887-1929 -- Shifting Republican focus -- Elections: disfranchisement/disenfranchisement -- "Packing" and "cracking" black majority districts -- Fusion -- Black political rivalries -- Legislative interests: Monetary, economic, and foreign policy issues -- Federal elections bill -- Early Congressional anti-lynching campaign -- Reduction -- Historical legacy -- A generation lost -- Segregationist legislation and the rise of the NAACP -- WWI and the great migration -- Anti-lynching legislation renewed -- Reduction redux -- Power of the Southern Bloc in Congress -- Party realignment --"@en
schema:description"FORMER MEMBERS, 1971-2007: Ronald V. Dellums -- Ralph Harold Metcalfe -- Parren James Mitchell -- Walter Edward Fauntroy -- Yvonne Brathwaite Burke -- Barbara Jordan -- Andrew Jackson Young, Jr. -- Cardiss Collins -- Harold Eugene Ford, Sr. -- Julian Carey Dixon -- Melvin Herbert Evans -- William Herbert Gray, III -- George Thomas (Mickey) Leland -- Bennett McVey Stewart -- George William Crockett, Jr. -- Mervyn Malcolm Dymally -- Gus Savage -- Harold Washington -- Katie Beatrice Hall -- Major Robert Odell Owens -- Alan Dupree Wheat -- Charles Arthur Hayes -- Alton R. Waldon, Jr. -- Alphonso Michael (Mike) Espy -- Floyd Harold Flake -- -- Kweisi Mfume -- Craig Anthony Washington -- Barbara-Rose Collins -- Gary A. Franks -- Lucien Edward Blackwell -- Eva M. Clayton -- Cleo Fields -- Earl Frederick Hilliard -- Cynthia Ann McKinney -- Carrie P. Meek -- Carol Moseley-Braun -- Mel Reynolds -- Walter R. Tucker, III -- Victor O. Frazer -- Julius Caesar (J. C.) Watts, Jr. -- Juanita Millender-McDonald -- Julia May Carson -- Harold Ford., Jr. -- Frank W. Ballance, Jr. -- Denise L. Majette --"@en
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