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|Description:||279 pages ; 25 cm|
|Contents:||I. Body composition and metabolic activity of tissues during ontogenesis.- 1. Ratio of lean body mass and fat in relation to energy turnover.- 2. Composition of lean body mass.- 3. Composition and metabolic activity of adipose tissue.- 4. Lipid metabolism in muscular tissue.- II. Lean body mass and depot fat during ontogenesis in humans.- 1. Changes in subcutaneous fat during ontogenesis.- 2. Ontogenetic changes of the total body fat and lean body mass ratio.- 3. Relationship of total and subcutaneous fat during ontogenesis.- 4. Results of comparison of skinfolds measured by means of different calipers.- III. Changes in the maximum level of metabolic activity of lean body mass during ontogenesis.- 1. Changes of the relationship of aerobic capacity and lean body mass during ontogenesis.- 2. Changes in the capillary network in skeletal muscle in relation to body composition and aerobic capacity.- IV. Some consequences of adaptation to increased or restricted activity during ontogenesis.- 1. Growth curves and body composition during adaptation to different loads.- 2. Caloric intake and physical activity.- 3. Catecholamine synthesis and degradation in relation to physical activity and body composition.- 4. Excitability of the central nervous system in relation to physical activity and body composition.- V. Influence of adaptation to increased muscle work on body composition in relation to caloric intake in man.- 1. Changes in body composition after adaptation to increased muscle work.- 2. Caloric intake during periods with different physical activity.- VI. Adaptation to increased muscular work: consequences in adipose tissue.- 1. Metabolic activity of adipose tissue and fatty acid utilization during adaptation to different loads.- 2. Deoxyribonucleic acid content in adipose tissue during adaptation to different loads.- 3. Fatty acid uptake and their inflow rate to adipose tissue in animals with different levels of activity.- 4. Ratio of individual fatty acids in adipose tissue.- VII. Adaptation to different loads: consequences in the lipid metabolism of skeletal and heart muscle and other organs.- 1. Weight, fibre size and percentage of fat in muscles during different activities and in different age groups.- 2. Lipoprotein lipase activity in heart and skeletal muscle after adaptation to different loads.- 3. Cholesterol formation during different levels of physical activity.- 4. Influence of increased physical activity during prenatal ontogenesis on the lipid metabolism in the offspring.- VIII. Effect of increased physical activity on body composition during growth in different groups of children (longitudinal studies).- 1. Somatic and functional development of preschool children.- 2. Body build and body composition in boys engaged and not engaged in physical training.- 3. Body composition in relation to aerobic capacity in boys.- 4. Functional characteristics and composition of weight increments in boys with different physical activity during adolescence.- 5. Stability of body composition characteristics in boys during adolescence.- 6. Influence of physical activity on stability of somatotype in boys during adolescence.- 7. Body build and composition of girl gymnasts and of non-training girls.- 8. Comparison of the development of body composition in girls and boys engaged in swimming training.- 9. Relationship between development of body weight, body composition and functional development.- 10. Body composition and fitness of youth in relation to socio-economic conditions.- IX. Consequences of adaptation to increased physical activity in obese children.- 1. Somatic characteristics of obese children.- 2. Heart volume in obese children.- 3. Economy of work in obese children.- 4. Effect of adaptation to prolonged increased load on body composition and indicators of the lipid metabolism in blood.- 5. Changes in the response of vegetative functions to a load in obese children after weight and fat reduction.- 6. Changes of anthropometric indicators after repeated reductions of body fat during growth in obese children.- 7. Conditions for the maintenance of reduction of body fat during repeated treatment.- 8. Changes in the aerobic capacity after weight reduction in obese boys.- 9. Consequences of reduction treatment of child obesity in adult age.- X. Body composition and body build of champion athletes in relation to fitness and performance.- 1. Characteristics of body build and composition of champion athletes.- 2. Lean body mass in relation to functional characteristics in champion athletes.- 3. Changes in body composition during Olympic training of gymnasts.- 4. Body composition during excessive training.- XI. Body composition, body build and fitness of elderly men with a different life-long regime of physical activity.- 1. Body composition and body build in active and inactive men of advanced age.- 2. Body composition in relation to aerobic capacity.- 3. Body composition in relation to muscular strength.- 4. Body composition in relation to sports performance.- 5. Density of the capillary network in skeletal muscle and body composition.- 6. Indicators of the lipid metabolism in blood in relation to physical activity and body composition.- 7. Long-term investigation (8 - 10 years) of changes in body composition and somatic characteristics in old men with different activity.- 8. Body composition and somatic indicators with regard to the perspective of longevity.- 9. Relationship of body composition and changes in performance and aerobic capacity of old men after 8 - 10 years.- XII. Relationship between body composition and physical activity and the development of experimental cardiac necrosis in male rats of different age.- 1. Effect of age, body weight and body composition on the development of experimental myocardial necrosis in made rats.- 2. Effect of adaptation to increased or reduced physical activity.- 3. Density of the capillary network in the heart muscle in male rats after a different load during postnatal ontogenesis.- 4. The impact of work load during prenatal ontogenesis on the subsequent development of the offspring.- XIII. Summary.- XIV. General conclusions and perspectives.- References.|
|Responsibility:||Jana Pařízková ; translation K. Osancova.|
- Physical fitness.
- Lipids -- Metabolism.
- Body composition.
- Exercise -- Physiological aspects.
- Aptitude physique.
- Composition corporelle.
- Lipides -- Métabolisme.
- Lichamelijke inspanning.
- Corps -- Composition.
- Condition physique.
- Exercice -- Aspect physiologique.
- Body composition
- Exercise -- Physiological aspects
- Lipids -- Metabolism
- Physical fitness