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|Genre/Form:||Books of hours
Prayers and devotions
Texts Early works to 1800
Prayers and devotions Early works to 1800
Early works to 1800
|Named Person:||Mary, Blessed Virgin Saint|
|Document Type:||Book, Archival Material|
|All Authors / Contributors:||
Antonius van Gavere; Richard Folette; John Parsons; Matthew Henry Lee; Ernest F Salmon; Catholic Church.; Pre-1650 Manuscript Collection (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library); University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Rare Book & Manuscript Library.
Title supplied by cataloger; variant title from spine.
Layout: Written in 17 lines; ruled in very faint red ink. Prick-marks partially obscured by trimming; gilt edges. Modern, machine-tooled parchment leaves (not counted in foliation) are bound with the codex as follows: one between 31 and 32, one between 33 and 34, six (replacing original leaves torn out) between 64 and 65, one between 74 and 75, and one between 115 and 116. A single loose leaf of modern parchment is tipped in between 94 and 95.
Script: Written in a clear, liturgical Gothic book hand. On some of the modern leaves bound with the codex, there is an attempt (presumably 19th- or 20th-century) to supply the missing text by unsuccessfully emulating medieval script and ruling.
Decoration: 1. Trompe-l'oeil borders painted in vibrant tempera colors, typically with flowers and leaves against a solid-colored background (of various hues, most often yellow, blue, or green), sometimes with ornate gold details and penwork, at: 13r, 23r, 26r, 28r, 29r, 31r, 33r, 35r, 37r, 39r, 41r, 44r, 55r, 135r, 162r, 189r, 223r, 244r, 254r -- 2. On each page with these borders is an illuminated initial (6-line), predominantly blue and red-brown against a gold background, overlaid with fine penwork in gold and white -- 3. Historiated initial with illumination (7-line), representing all saints, featuring St. Peter with tonsure and holding keys at 66v, accompanied by floral border at top of page with gold details -- 4. Illuminated initials (6-line) at 69r, 78r, 83r, and 86r: blue letters with white penwork and leaf patterns against gold background -- 5. On each page with these initials are floral borders, two-dimensional, with some illumination, including gold borders around the text -- 6. Decorated initials (many 2-line) throughout, with letters in white against backgrounds of various colors, often with gold detailing -- 7. Decoration dividing paragraphs and sentences, comprised of multicolored geometric patterns and detailed penwork throughout -- 8. Rubrication throughout.
Binding: Calf over boards with two panels on each cover and the following decoration: a series of animals and birds inside the panels and alternating fleurs-de-lis and stars between the panels, all tooled in leather. Originally bound by Antonius van Gavere of Bruges (active 1459-1505), as per panel stamps in tooled leather on both covers: "Ob laudem Christi librum hunc recte ligavi, Anthonius de Gavere." This motto scrolls around the edges of all four panels, in Gothic script. Codex was rebacked, probably in the early 20th century, and original covers were attached to new spine. Modern cloth ties were presumably attached to the covers during restoration work.
Imperfections: 1. At least six leaves with decorated borders appear to have been ripped out between fols. 64 and 65, replaced by modern parchment -- 2. Fore-edge and bottom margins, likely bearing decoration, were cut away at 66, 69, and 78, and restored with blank, modern parchment, as has fore-edge margin at 86 -- 3. Decoration at 83r is rubbed -- 4. Multiple errors in modern foliation: leaf skipped between 79 and 80; lacuna between 140 and 149 (i.e., 141-148 missing); leaf cut out between 187 and 189.
Origin: Decoration, particularly the borders, suggest Flemish production, but contents indicate that it was intended for English use. Bound at Bruges.
Shelf-mark: Urbana, IL, University of Illinois Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Pre-1650 MS 0140.
Former shelf-mark: Church Congress Exhibition 84.
|Description:||270 leaves : parchment, ill. ; 130 x 85 (72 x 45) mm. bound to 139 x 95 mm.|
|Contents:||1. fol. 1r-12v: Calendar, including the octave of Thomas Becket (1r) and the feasts of Edward the Martyr (3v), Alphege (4v), Dunstan, Adhelm, and Augustine of Canterbury (all at 5v), and Edmund Rich and Hugh of Lincoln (both 11v). "[text] Prima dies mensis et VIIa truncat...Silvestri pape." 2. fol. 13r-22r: Fifteen prayers to Jesus Christ. "[rubr.] Incipiunt quindecim or[ati]ones ad Ihesum Christum. [text] O Domine Ihesu Christe eterna dulcedo te ama[n]cium...cum omnibus sanctis tuis in eternum. Amen. [rubr.] P[ate]r n[oste]r." [22v blank but ruled] 3. fol. 23r-42r: Suffrages for the Holy Trinity, John the Baptist, John the Evangelist, Thomas Becket, George, Christopher (begins imperfectly), Anne, Mary Magdalene, Katherine, Barbara, and Margaret. "[rubr.] Memoria de Sancta Trinitate. [text] Domine Deus omnipotens Pater et Filius et Spiritus Sanctus...beneficia consequamur, per Christum Dominum nostrum. Amen." [42v-43v blank but ruled] 4. fol. 44r-64v: Hours of the Virgin (ends imperfectly). "[rubr.] Incipiunt hore Beate Marie Virginis secundum usum Sarum. Ad mat[utinum]. [text] Domine labia mea aperies, et os meum...pedes nostros in viam pacis. Gloria P[at]ri. Ant[iphona]. O glo[...]" 5. fol. 65r-67v: Suffrages, starting imperfectly with Mary Magdalene, and proceeding to Katherine, Margaret, All Saints, and Peace. "Dimissa sunt ei peccata multa, quoniam dilexit multum...protectione tranquilla, per Christum Dominum nostrum. Amen. Benedicamus Domino. Deo gratias. 6. fol. 67v-90v: Hours of the Virgin, with Hours of the Cross worked in. "[rubr.] Ad matutinas. [text] Patris sapientia veritas divina...consonaris consors sim corone. Amen. Benedicamus Domino. Deo gratias." 7. fol. 91r-118v: Marian prayers and devotions, including O intemerata (100r) and Obsecro te (102v). "[rubr.] Antiphona Beate Marie Virginis. [text] Salve regina misericordie, vita dulcedo...et duc tecum ad iocunda Paradysi gaudia. Amen." 8. fol. 119r-158v: Devotions to Jesus Christ and to the Passion (first two, at 119r and 120r, begin imperfectly). "[text] ...virgini commendavit presta quesumus...nomen sanctum tuum, quod est Ihesus, benedictus in secula seculorum. Amen." 9. fol. 159r-161r: Devotions to the Eucharist, including an indulgence of Pope Boniface VIII at 160v. "[rubr.] Ad sanctum sacramentum. [text] Ave Domine Ihesu Christe, verbum Patris, Filius Virginis...ab universis malis, periculis presentibus, preteritis, et futuris. Amen." [161v blank but ruled] 10. fol. 162r-173v: Penitential Psalms. "[rubr.] Incipiunt septem Psalmi penitenti[ales]. An[tiphona]: Ne reminiscaris. [text] Ps[almus]: Domine ne in furore tuo arguas me...parentum nostrorum neque vindictam sumas de peccatis nostris." 11. fol. 173v-176r: Gradual Psalms, which include only the incipits for the first 12 and full text for the last three. "[rubr.] Incipiunt quindecim Psalmi. An[tiphona]: Parce D[omi]ne. [text] Ps[almus]: Ad Dominum cum tribularer...pretioso sanguine tuo ne in eternum irascaris nobis." 12. fol. 176r-187v: Litany, including Edward, Oswald, and Wallepaxtus (178v), Swithun, Brendan, and Birinus (179r), and Edith (179v). "[rubr.] Incipit Letania. [text] Kyrie eleison. Christe eleison...requiem eternam concede, per eundem Christum Dominum nostrum. Amen." 13. fol. 189r-222r: Office for the Dead. "[rubr.] Incipiunt vigilie mort[uorum]. An[tiphona]: Placebo. [text] Ps[almus]: Dilexi quoniam exaudi et Dominus vocem...Or[ati]o. Fidelium Deus o[mn]i[u]m, ut s[upra]." [222v blank but ruled] 14. fol. 223r-243r: Commendation of Souls. "[rubr.] Incipiunt commendationes animarum. [text] Beati immaculati in via qui ambulant in lege...contemplationis tue perpetuo satientur, per Christum Dominum nostrum. Amen." 15. fol. 244r-253r: Psalms of the Passion. "[rubr.] Incipit psalterium de passione Domini. [text] Deus, Deus meus, respice in me quare me dereliquisti...qui vivis et regnas Deus per omnia secula seculorum. Amen." [253v blank but ruled] 16. fol. 254r-270v: Psalter of St. Jerome. "[rubr.] Incipiunt (sic) psalterium beati Iheronimi. [text] Verba mea auribus percipe, Domine...vivis et defunctis ad vitam proficiat sempiternam. Amen."|
|Other Titles:||Horae B.V.M. secundum usum Sarum|
- Mary, -- Blessed Virgin, Saint -- Prayers and devotions.
- Catholic Church -- Prayers and devotions.
- Books of hours -- Texts -- Early works to 1800.
- Bookbinding, Medieval -- Belgium -- Bruges -- Specimens.
- Christian saints -- Prayers and devotions -- Early works to 1800.
- Devotional literature, Latin (Medieval and modern) -- Liturgical use.
- Eucharistic prayers -- Catholic Church -- Early works to 1800.
- Manuscripts, Latin -- Illinois -- Urbana -- Specimens.
- Manuscripts, Medieval -- Illinois -- Urbana -- Specimens.
- Illumination of books and manuscripts, Flemish -- Specimens.