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|Additional Physical Format:||Online version:
Born under Saturn.
New York, Random House 
|All Authors / Contributors:||
Rudolf Wittkower; Margot Wittkower
|Description:||344 p. illus. 25 cm.|
|Contents:||Introduction: From craftsman to artist. The artist in the ancient world ; Medieval regression and the struggle to freedom ; The new ideal of the artist. --
Artists and patrons: remarks on a changing relationship. Financial resources and professional practices ; Old and new ways of evaluating works of art ; Religious convictions and vicissitudes of patronage ; Merchant class patronage and the emancipation of artists ; The volte-face in the relation between artist and patron ; Julius II and Michelangelo l Dilatoriness of artists. --
Artists' attitudes to their work. Artists' personalities and the beginning of the Renaissance ; Wandering craftsmen and artisans ; The lure of Rome ; Obsession with work ; Creative idleness ; Creation in solitude. --
Eccentric behavior and noble manners. Florentine eccentrics of the early sixteenth century ; Michelangelo's 'Distress of mind and temper' ; Tribulations of mind and body ; Cleanliness mania ; Alchemists and necromancers ; Weird hobbies ; Sixteenth century critics of eccentric artists ; The image of noble artist ; Rubens - the perfect gentleman. --
Genius, madness, and melancholy. Genius and madness ; The saturnine temperament ; Hugo van der Goes' case history ; Seventeenth century melancholics: Annibale Carracci, Mastelletta, Adam Elsheimer, Francesco Duquesnoy, Carlo Dolci ; Was Franz Xaver Messerschmidt insane? --
Suicide of artists. A statistical enquiry ; Rosso Fiorentino ; Francesco Bassano ; Francesco Borromini ; Pietro Testa ; Marco Ricci ; Studies of Northern artists: Holland and England, France, Denmark ; Conclusion. Celibacy, love, and licentiousness. Celibacy ; Raphael - the lover ; Licentiousness and religious art: Filippo Lippi's elopement with Lucrezia Buti, Unprincipled Renaissance artists ; Debauchery among sixteenth and seventeenth century artists ; Agostino Tassi - the seducer of Artemisia Gentileschi ; Illicit, ideal, and platonic love ; 'The unspeakable vice': Public opinion and homosexuality, Leonardo's denunciation and his relation to Salai, Giovanantonio Bazzi - the 'Sodomite' ; Moral conduct and obscene art. --
Artists and the law. Three cases of criminal artists ; Legal and psychological aspects of crime in the Renaissance ; Passion and crime in Cellini's life ; Leone Leoni - a successful villain ; Caravaggio, the 'Bohemian' ; Belligerent artists ; The ethics of faking ; Claude's Liber Veritatis ; Faking of old masters and fraudulent restoration of antiques ; Thefts of works of art. --
Misers and wastrels. Misers ; Hans Holbein - a squanderer? ; The pattern of prodigality in the Low Countries ; Artists' conviviality: The Dutch brotherhood in Rome, Festivities of Italian Renaissance artists ; Extravagance among the Italians: Lavishness vindicated, The gambler Guido Reni, Genoese spendthrifts ; Spanish, German, and French wastrels. --
Academic ambitions and professional jealousies. Professional pride ; Baccio Bandinelli's pretensions ; Academies of art in Florence and Rome ; Salvador Rosa's academy ; Titles and honours ; Stylish dress and decorous manners ; The reverse of the medal ; Jealousies in academic circles ; Suspicious masters ; Warfare within local schools: Bologna, Rome ; Regional feuds: Federigo Zuccari's 'Porta della Virtù', The Bolognese in Naples. --
Between famine and fame. The economic position of artists in the Renaissance ; Andreas Schiavone - a neglected master ; Artists' professions of poverty: Fra Filippo Lippi, Mantegna, Giambologna, Buontalenti ; Some wealthy masters in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries ; The financial aspect of Dürer's Netherlandish journey ; Titian's opulence and financial astuteness ; Two grand seigneurs of the Baroque: Bernini, Rubens ; Rubens and Rembrandt contrasted ; Van Dyck and Velasquez ; The acme of dignity and wealth: Sir Joshua Reynolds. --
Personality, character, and work. Works as keys to the character of artists ; Giuseppe Arcimboldo - a Surrealist avant la lettre? ; Typological theories of psychologists: Lombroso and Kretschmer ; Psycho-analytical dialectics: the interaction between the artist's personality and work: Freud's study of Leonardo da Vinci, Andrea del Sarto's Harpies: a psycho-analytical mystification, The psycho-analytical Sesame. --
Does a constitutional type of artist exist?
|Responsibility:||[by] Rudolf and Margot Wittkower.|