Lopez, Russell P.
Built Environment and Public Health
Chichester : John Wiley & Sons, c2012
Russell P Lopez
|注意：||Chapter 16 Sustainability.|
|描述：||1 online resource (434 p.)|
|内容：||The Built Environment and Public Health; Contents; Preface; The Author; Part One Background and History; Chapter 1 Introduction to the Built Environment and Health; Dimensions of the Environment; Is the Built Environment Really an Environmental Factor?; How to Evaluate the Built Environment?; Public Perceptions and Assumptions Regarding the Built Environment; Cross-Disciplinary Nature of the Study of the Built Environment; Placing the Analysis of the Built Environment into a Broader Context; Influences on the Built Environment; Chapter 2 History; The Pre-Industrial Era. The Era of Industrialization and Urbanization: 1825-1930Reform Movements, New Technologies, and Changes in Urban Planning and Architecture: 1825-1930; Later Reforms and New Initiatives 1930-1980; The Current Era: 1980-2010 and Beyond; Part Two Community Design; Chapter 3 Planning and Urban Design; Demographic, Economic, and Social Trends; Land Use and Planning Controls; Metropolitan Structure and Health; Chapter 4 Transportation Policies; Current Patterns of Transportation in the United States; Automobiles and Health; Highways and Health; Mass Transit and Health. Bike Safety and InfrastructureWalking and Health; Chapter 5 Healthy Housing and Housing Assistance Programs; The Housing Problem; The Regulatory Framework; Chapter 6 Infrastructure and Natural Disasters; Natural Disasters: An Introduction; Natural Disaster Response; Part Three Environmental Media; Chapter 7 Indoor and Outdoor Air Quality; Overview; Land Use, the Built Environment, and Air Quality; Air Pollutants; Air Pollution-Associated Health Conditions; Chapter 8 Water; Impact of Water on Health; Infrastructure; Drinking Water; Chapter 9 Food, Nutrition, and Food Security. Foodborne IllnessesFood Insecurity; Environmental Effects of Farming and Food Production; Part Four Population Health; Chapter 10 Vulnerable Populations; The Built Environment and Vulnerability; The Definition of Race; Poverty; Children and Environmental Health; The Elderly and the Built Environment; Persons with Disabilities; Chapter 11 Mental Health, Stressors, and Health Care Environments; The Beginnings; Biophilia; The Role of Stressors and Allostatic Load; Chapter 12 Social Capital; Theory and Historical Beginnings; Measuring Social Capital; Improving Social Capital. Chapter 13 Environmental JusticeThe Environmental Justice Movement; A History of the Environmental Justice Movement; Disproportionate Burden; Additional Limitations of Environmental Justice Actions; Lessons; Part Five Tools and Applications; Chapter 14 Assessment Tools and Data Sources; Tools to Inform Decision Making; Information Tools; Chapter 15 Health Policy and Programs; Public Health Interventions; Community Interventions; School-Based Interventions; Individual Level Interventions; Legal Basis for Built Environment Regulation; Inserting Health into City General Plans.|
This text combines an examination of how the physical environment affects our health with a description of how public health and urban planning can work together to create environments that improve human health and well-being. The author covers a wealth of topics including foundations, the joint history of public health and urban planning, transportation and land use, infrastructure and natural disasters, assessment tools, indoor air quality, water quality, food security, health disparities, mental health, social capital, and environmental justice. The Built Environment and Public Health is wr.