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Can the interaction of poverty and literacy explain some variability of suicide rates in Europe?
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Can the interaction of poverty and literacy explain some variability of suicide rates in Europe?

Author: Andrej Marušič; Murad Khan; Anne Farmer
Edition/Format:   Article : English
Publication:European journal of psychiatry. Letn. 16, št. 2 (2002), str. 103-107
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
The main aim of the study was to investigate whether literacy rates and gross domestic products interact in predicting national suicide rates in 33 Europeancountries where data for all these rates are available. It resulted that high literacy rates significantly predicted high suicide rates even when controlling for gross domestic product (GDP) and age distribution (r = 0.584; p <0.001). When the GDP per capita  Read more...
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Document Type: Article
All Authors / Contributors: Andrej Marušič; Murad Khan; Anne Farmer
ISSN:0213-6163
OCLC Number: 440828279
Notes: BSDOCID90982.
Description: str. 103-107
Responsibility: Andrej Marušič, Murad Khan, Anne Farmer.

Abstract:

The main aim of the study was to investigate whether literacy rates and gross domestic products interact in predicting national suicide rates in 33 Europeancountries where data for all these rates are available. It resulted that high literacy rates significantly predicted high suicide rates even when controlling for gross domestic product (GDP) and age distribution (r = 0.584; p <0.001). When the GDP per capita was added to the linear regression model, the latter improved considerably (F = 10.801; p <0.001). We concluded that literacy rates may represent an important ecological risk factor for completedsuicides. One potential mechanism for negative impact of high literacy rates could be that high literacy leads to a better understanding of impoverished social circumstances. It is also possible that literacy is just aconfounding variable. For example, suicide statistics might be more reliable in countries with higher levels of literacy. Nevertheless, the striking finding that literacy and suicide rates are associated is worthy of further investigation.

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