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Canopy photosynthesis : from basics to applications

Author: Kouki Hikosaka; Ulo Niinemets; Niels P R Anten
Publisher: Dordrecht : Springer, [2016] ©2016
Series: Advances in photosynthesis and respiration, v. 42.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
A plant canopy, a collection of leaves, is an ecosystem-level unit of photosynthesis that assimilates carbon dioxide and exchanges other gases and energy with the atmosphere in a manner highly sensitive to ambient conditions including atmospheric carbon dioxide and water vapor concentrations, light and temperature, and soil resource availability. In addition to providing carbon skeletons and chemical energy for most  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Hikosaka, Kouki.
Canopy Photosynthesis: From Basics to Applications.
Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands, ©2015
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Kouki Hikosaka; Ulo Niinemets; Niels P R Anten
ISBN: 9789401772914 9401772916
OCLC Number: 933561391
Description: 1 online resource (xxxiii, 428 pages) : illustrations (some color).
Contents: From the Series Editors; Series Editors; Contents; Preface; The Editors; Contributors; Author Index; Part I: Physical Processes in Leaf Canopies; Chapter 1: Light Distribution; I. Incoming Radiation; A. Its Total Value; B. Spectral Energy Distribution; C. Directional Distribution; Box 1.1: Solar Coordinates; D. Radiance and Irradiance; II. Modelling Radiation in Leaf Canopies; A. Black Horizontal Leaves; B. Non-horizontal Leaves; C. Leaf Angle Distribution; D. Leaf Scattering and Canopy Reflection; 1. The Reflection Coefficient of a Leaf Canopy with a Large Leaf Area Index. 2. Extinction of Radiation Within the Leaf CanopyIII. Absorption of Radiation in Row Crops; A. Directional Distribution of Incoming Radiation; B. Row Crops; 1. Infinite LAI, Black Leaves; 2. Non-infinite LAI, Black Leaves; 3. Loss of Radiation due to Plant Arrangement in Rows; IV. Direct and Diffuse Light in Photosynthesis Modeling; Box 1.2: Example of Calculation of Photosynthesis When There Is only Diffuse Radiation; Box 1.3: Example of Calculation of Canopy Photosynthesis When There Is also Direct Radiation; V. Conclusions and Prospects; References. Chapter 2: Leaf Energy Balance: Basics, and Modeling from Leaves to CanopiesI. Introduction: Why Leaf Energy Balance is Important to Model; Box 2.1 Inferring Water Stress and Water Use from Leaf Temperature; II. Calculations of Leaf Energy Balance: Basic Processes in the Steady State; A. Energy Balance Equation in the Steady State; 1. Chief Components of Leaf Energy Balance; 2. Role of Energy Flows in Transient Heating, Photosynthesis, and Respiration; B. Defining the Individual Terms of the Energy Balance Equation; 1. Shortwave Energy Input; 2. Thermal Infrared Input. 3. Thermal Infra-Red Losses4. Latent Heat Loss; 5. Convective Heat Exchange; 6. Solving the Leaf Energy Balance Equation; Box 2.2 Iterative Solution of the Leaf Energy Balance Equation; C. Leaves in Artificial Environments: Growth Chambers, Greenhouses, and Warming Experiments; D. Detection of Leaf Temperature and of Energy-Balance Components; E. Meeting the Challenges of Measurement and Theory; III. Physiological Feedbacks Affecting Leaf Energy Balance; A. Dependence of Stomatal Conductance on Environmental Drivers; B. Biochemical Limitations of Photosynthesis. C. Solving a Combined Stomata-Photosynthesis ModelD. Advanced Problems; IV. Transients in Energy Balance and in Processes Dependent on Temperature; A. Independence of Different Leaf Regions; B. Dynamics in Leaf Temperature After Changes in Energy Balance Components; 1. Time-Dependent Changes in Temperature After Modifications in Radiation Input; 2. Changes in Temperature After Modifications in Convective Heat Exchange; 3. Importance of Temperature Transients for Photosynthesis; V. Leaves in Canopies; A. General Principles.
Series Title: Advances in photosynthesis and respiration, v. 42.
Responsibility: edited by Kouki Hikosaka, Ülo Niinemets and Niels P.R. Anten.

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