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Capturing technological opportunity via Japan's star scientists : evidence from Japanese firms' biotech patents and products

Author: Lynne G Zucker; Michael R Darby; National Bureau of Economic Research.
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : National Bureau of Economic Research, ©1998.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), working paper no. 6360.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Using detailed data on biotechnology in Japan, we find that identifiable collaborations between particular university star scientists and firms have a large positive impact on firms' research roductivity, increasing the average firm's biotech patents by 34 percent development by 27 percent, and products on the market by 8 percent as of 1989-1990. However there is little evidence of geographically localized knowledge  Read more...
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Details

Genre/Form: Patents
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Lynne G Zucker; Michael R Darby; National Bureau of Economic Research.
OCLC Number: 70068460
Notes: "January 1998."
Description: 1 online resource (45 pages) : illustrations.
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), working paper no. 6360.
Responsibility: Lynne G. Zucker, Michael R. Darby.

Abstract:

Using detailed data on biotechnology in Japan, we find that identifiable collaborations between particular university star scientists and firms have a large positive impact on firms' research roductivity, increasing the average firm's biotech patents by 34 percent development by 27 percent, and products on the market by 8 percent as of 1989-1990. However there is little evidence of geographically localized knowledge spillovers. In early industry formation, star scientists holding tacit knowledge required to practice recombinant DNA (genetic engineering) were of great economic value, leading to incentives motivating their participation in technology transfer. In Japan, the legal and institutional context implies that firm scientists work in the stars' university laboratories in contrast to America where the stars are more likely to work in the firm's labs. As a result, star collaborations in Japan are less localized around their research universities so that the universities' local economic development impact is lessened. Stars' scientific productivity is increased less during collaborationswith firms in Japan as compared to the U.S.

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