|提及的人：||Catherine, Empress of Russia; Katarina, kejsarinna av Ryssland; Catherine, Empress of Russia; Catherine, Empress of Russia|
Robert K Massie
|ISBN:||9780679456728 0679456724 9781588360441 158836044X|
|獎賞：||Andrew Carnegie Medal for Excellence in Nonfiction, 2012|
|描述：||xiii, 625 pages : illustrations (some color), maps ; 25 cm|
|内容：||A German Princess. Sophia's childhood --
Summoned to Russia --
Frederick II and the journey to Russia --
Empress Elizabeth --
The making of a grand duke --
Meeting Elizabeth and Peter --
Intercepted letters --
Conversion and betrothal --
A pilgrimage to Kiev and transvestite balls --
Johanna goes home --
A Painful Marriage. The Zhukova affair --
A watchdog --
He was not a king --
In the bedroom --
A house collapses --
Summer pleasures --
Dismissals at court --
Moscow and the country --
Choglokov makes an enemy and Peter survives a plot --
A bath before Easter and a coachman's whip --
Oysters and an actor --
Reading, dancing, and a betrayal --
Seduction, Motherhood, and Confrontation. Saltykov --
The birth of the heir --
The English ambassador --
A diplomatic earthquake --
A dead rat, an absent lover, and a risky proposal --
Catherine challenges Brockdorff; she gives a party --
Apraskin's retreat --
Catherine's daughter --
The fall of Bestuzhev --
A gamble --
A menage a quatre --
The Time has Come! Panin, Orlov, and Elizabeth's death --
The brief reign of Peter III --
We ourselves know not what we did --
Empress of Russia. Coronation --
The government and the church --
Madame Orlov could never be Empress of Russia --
The death of Ivan VI --
Catherine and the Enlightenment --
The Nakaz --
All free estates of the realm --
The king we have made --
The first partition of Poland and the first Turkish War --
Doctors, smallpox, and plague --
The return of Peter the Third --
The last days of the Marquis de Pugachev --
Potemkin and Favoritism. Vasilchikov --
Catherine and Potemkin : Passion --
Potemkin ascending --
Catherine and Potemkin : separation --
New relationships --
My name is Catherine the Second. Catherine, Paul, and Natalia --
Paul, Maria, and the succession --
Potemkin: builder and diplomat --
Crimean journey and Potemkin villages --
The Second Turkish War and the death of Potemkin --
Art, architecture, and the bronze horseman --
They are capable of hanging their king from a lamppost! --
Dissent in Russia, final partition of Poland --
The death of Catherine the Great.
|責任：||Robert K. Massie.|
This narrative biography tells the extraordinary story of an obscure young German princess who traveled to Russia at fourteen and rose to become one of the most remarkable, powerful, and captivating women in history. Born into a minor noble family, Catherine transformed herself into Empress of Russia by sheer determination. Possessing a brilliant mind and an insatiable curiosity as a young woman, she devoured the works of Enlightenment philosophers and, when she reached the throne, attempted to use their principles to guide her rule of the vast and backward Russian empire. She knew or corresponded with the preeminent historical figures of her time: Voltaire, Diderot, Frederick the Great, Empress Maria Theresa of Austria, Marie Antoinette, and, surprisingly, the American naval hero, John Paul Jones. Reaching the throne fired by Enlightenment philosophy and determined to become the embodiment of the "benevolent despot" idealized by Montesquieu, she found herself always contending with the deeply ingrained realities of Russian life, including serfdom. She persevered, and for thirty-four years the government, foreign policy, cultural development, and welfare of the Russian people were in her hands. She dealt with domestic rebellion, foreign wars, and the tidal wave of political change and violence churned up by the French Revolution that swept across Europe. Her reputation depended entirely on the perspective of the speaker. She was praised by Voltaire as the equal of the greatest of classical philosophers; she was condemned by her enemies, mostly foreign, as "the Messalina of the north." Catherine's family, friends, ministers, generals, lovers, and enemies, all are here, vividly described. These included her ambitious, perpetually scheming mother; her weak, bullying husband, Peter (who left her lying untouched beside him for nine years after their marriage); her unhappy son and heir, Paul; her beloved grandchildren; and her "favorites", the parade of young men from whom she sought companionship and the recapture of youth as well as sex. Here, too, is the giant figure of Gregory Potemkin, her most significant lover and possible husband, with whom she shared a passionate correspondence of love and separation, followed by seventeen years of unparalleled mutual achievement.
- Catherine -- II, -- Empress of Russia, -- 1729-1796.
- Empresses -- Russia -- Biography.
- Russia -- Kings and rulers -- Biography.
- Russia -- History -- Catherine II, 1762-1796.
- Katarina -- II, -- kejsarinna av Ryssland, -- 1729-1796.
- Kings and rulers.
- Kejsarinnor -- Ryssland -- 1700-talet -- biografi.
- Ryssland -- historia -- 1700-talet.
- Russia -- History -- 0-1801.