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The challenges of famine relief : emergency operations in the Sudan

Author: Francis Mading Deng; Larry Minear
Publisher: Washington, D.C. : Brookings Institution, ©1992.
Edition/Format:   Book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
For nearly a decade, international efforts to combat famine and food shortages around the globe have concentrated on the critical situations in sub-Saharan Africa. In the Sudan, the largest country in Africa, prolonged drought, complicated by civil strife and debilitating economic problems, has caused widespread human suffering. The Sudan illustrates the proverbial worst-case scenario in which urgent food needs have  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Deng, Francis Mading, 1938-
Challenges of famine relief.
Washington, D.C. : Brookings Institution, c1992
(OCoLC)609336371
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Francis Mading Deng; Larry Minear
ISBN: 081571792X 9780815717928 0815717911 9780815717911
OCLC Number: 26128461
Description: xviii, 165 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm.
Contents: Preface / Maurice Strong --
1. Famine: Causes and Responses. The Geographic Context. The Demographic Context. The Political Context. Poverty and Underdevelopment. Official Attitudes. Emerging Global Perspectives. The Challenges --
2. Drought-Induced Famine, 1983-86. Genesis of the Emergency. Intervening from Outside. Framing the Context. Coordinating Activities. Evaluating the Results --
3. Conflict-Related Famine, 1987-91. Overview of Operation Lifeline Sudan. Intervening from Outside. Framing the Context. Coordinating Activities. Evaluating the Results --
4. A Look to the Future. The Generic Problems in Perspective. New Horizons on Humanitarian Imperatives. Needed Institutional Reforms. Relief and the Prospects for Peace. Concluding Reflections --
App. A: Persons Consulted for Office of Emergency Operations in Africa Evaluation --
App. B: Persons Consulted for Operation Lifeline Sudan Study --
App. C: Contributing Agencies
Responsibility: Francis M. Deng and Larry Minear.
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Abstract:

For nearly a decade, international efforts to combat famine and food shortages around the globe have concentrated on the critical situations in sub-Saharan Africa. In the Sudan, the largest country in Africa, prolonged drought, complicated by civil strife and debilitating economic problems, has caused widespread human suffering. The Sudan illustrates the proverbial worst-case scenario in which urgent food needs have been denied, food has been used as a weapon, and outside assistance has been obstructed. The Challenges of Famine Relief focuses on the two famine emergencies in the Sudan in the 1980s - the great African drought-related famine of 1984-86 and the conflict-related famine that afflicted the southern Sudan in 1988-91. Francis Deng and Larry Minear analyze the historical and political setting and the response by Sudan authorities and the international community. The book outlines four problem areas exemplified in the response to each crisis: the external nature of famine relief, the relationship between relief activities and endemic problems, the coordination of such activities, and the ambivalence of the results. The authors identify the many difficulties inherent in providing emergency relief to populations caught in circumstances of life-threatening famine. They show how such famine emergencies reflect the most extreme breakdown of social order and present the most compelling imperatives for international action. Deng and Minear also discuss how the international community, alerted by the media and mobilized by the Ethiopian famine, moved in to fill the moral void left by the government and how outside organizations worked together to pressure Sudan's political authorities to be more responsive to these tragedies. Looking ahead, the authors highlight the implications for future involvement in humanitarian initiatives in a new world order. As recent developments in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union demonstrate, such humanitarian challenges of global dimensions are no longer confined to third world countries. As the international community apportions limited resources among a growing number of such challenges, more effective responses to crises such as those described in this book are imperative.

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