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|Material Type:||Document, Internet resource|
|Document Type:||Internet Resource, Computer File|
|All Authors / Contributors:||
Liang Zhang; Ronald G Ehrenberg; Xiangmin Liu; National Bureau of Economic Research,
|Description:||1 online resource (37 pages) : illustrations.|
|Series Title:||Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 21827.|
|Responsibility:||Liang Zhang, Ronald G. Ehrenberg, Xiangmin Liu.|
We use panel data models to examine variations and changes over time in faculty employment at four-year colleges and universities in the United States. The share of part-time faculty among total faculty has continued to grow over the last two decades, while the share of full-time lecturers and instructors has been relatively stable. Meanwhile, the share of non-tenure track faculty among faculty with professorial ranks has been growing. Dynamic panel data models suggest that employment levels of different types of faculty respond to a variety of economic and institutional factors. Colleges and universities have increasingly employed faculty whose salaries and benefits are relatively inexpensive; the slowly deteriorating financial situations at most colleges and universities have led to an increasing reliance on a contingent academic workforce.
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