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Changing nature of customary international law : methods of interpreting the concept of custom in international criminal tribunals

Author: Noora Arajärvi
Publisher: London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis, 2014.
Series: Routledge research in international law.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"This book examines the evolution of customary international law (CIL) as a source of international law analyzing the substantive definitions of state practice and opinio juris, the methods of their discovery and their increasing interlinked nature. It focuses on the importance of CIL in the development of international criminal law and in particular the ways in which international criminal courts and "hybrid"
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Arajarvi, Noora.
Changing Nature of Customary International Law.
Routledge 2014
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Noora Arajärvi
ISBN: 9781134067275 1134067275 1306707706 9781306707701
OCLC Number: 878919317
Description: 1 online resource
Contents: Machine generated contents note: 1. Genesis of customary international law and international criminal law --
1.1. Introduction --
1.2. Development of customary international law and article 38(1)(b) of the Statute of the ICJ --
1.3. Developments in case-law --
1.4. Elements of customary international law --
1.4.1. Practice --
1.4.2. Opinio juris --
1.5. Interpretations of customary international law in human rights law --
1.6. Human rights law, humanitarian law and international criminal law --
1.6.1. Customary international law in the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg --
1.6.2. Customary international criminal law from Nuremberg to The Hague --
2. New concept of customary international law --
the role of the international criminal judge --
2.1. Introduction: the international judge and the formation of customary international law --
2.2. Judicial restraint versus judicial activism --
2.3. Application and formation of customary international law in the ICTY --
2.3.1. Developments in the case-law of the ICTY --
2.3.2. Application of human rights law in the ICTY --
2.4. Who makes international law? States and the formation of customary international law --
2.5. Concluding remarks --
3. Customary international law in the decisions of the ICTY --
3.1. methods of discovering customary international law in the ICTY --
3.2. Traditional method: state practice and opinio juris --
3.3. Opinio juris as the bedrock of customary international law --
3.4. Customary international law arising from treaties and national legislation --
3.5. Case-law as evidence of customary international law --
3.6. Joint criminal enterprise, and s̀pecific direction' in customary international law: some reflections --
3.7. Concluding remarks --
4. principle of legality and customary international law --
4.1. Introduction --
4.2. Legal method --
an overview --
4.3. Strict legality and inner morality --
which way for international criminal law? --
4.3.1. Interplay of lex lata and lex ferenda --
4.4. Application of the principle of legality to international crimes --
4.5. scope of nullum crimen sine lege --
4.6. Concluding remarks --
5. need for a new conceptual framework for the sources in international law --
5.1. Introduction --
5.2. New source or modified methodology? --
5.3. Alternative categories of sources of international law --
5.4. Primary and secondary rules in customary international law --
5.5. rule of recognition in international law --
5.6. Is there a need for a new sources theory in international law? --
5.7. Concluding remarks.
Series Title: Routledge research in international law.
Responsibility: Noora Arajärvi.

Abstract:

"This book examines the evolution of customary international law (CIL) as a source of international law analyzing the substantive definitions of state practice and opinio juris, the methods of their discovery and their increasing interlinked nature. It focuses on the importance of CIL in the development of international criminal law and in particular the ways in which international criminal courts and "hybrid" criminal tribunals can be said to be changing the ways in which CIL is determined. The book examines the role of international courts and tribunals in changing the nature of custom, analyzing the methodologies employed by the International Criminal Tribunal for Former Yugoslavia, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, Special Tribunal for Lebanon, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia, and the International Criminal Court. Through examination of the case-law and the reasoning of the courts Noora Aräjarvi demonstrates that the tribunals have on occasions tilted towards innovative approaches in their interpretation and methods of finding the applicable customary international law. She shows how and to what extent the court's chosen method of application of CIL affects the process of custom formation as the judges may have the function of both applying and forming rules of CIL. This raises the question as to what level of judicial activism that should be acceptable in international courts as regards CIL"--

"This book examines the evolution of customary international law (CIL) as a source of international law. Using the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) as a key case study, the book explores the importance of CIL in the development of international criminal law and focuses on the ways in which international criminal courts and "hybrid" criminal tribunals can be said to change the ways in which CIL is determined. In doing so, the book surveys the process and substance of CIL, as well as the problematic distinction between the elements of state practice and opinio juris. By applying a positivist approach, Noora Araji analyses the methodologies employed by the ICTY, International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, Special Tribunal for Lebanon, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia, and the International Criminal Court. Through examination of the case-law and the reasoning of the courts, Aräjarvi demonstrates to what extent the court's chosen method of application of CIL affects the process of custom formation. The book will be of great value to researchers and scholars of international law, international relations, and practitioners with interests in customary international law"--

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