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Chemical demonstrations : a handbook for teachers of chemistry

by Bassam Z Shakhashiri


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List of Demonstrations in All Four Volumes   (2010-08-11)

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Chemical demonstrations: a handbook for teachers of chemistry
Bassam Z. Shakhashiri
Univ. of Wisconsin Press, 1983-1992

== Demonstrations in Volume 1 ==

1.1 Evaporation as an Endothermic Process
1.2 Chemical Cold Pack
1.3 Endothermic Reactions of Hydrated Barium Hydroxide and Ammonium Salts
1.4 The Nonburning Towel
1.5 Heat of Neutralization
1.6 Heat of Dilution of Sulfuric Acid
1.7 Reaction of Calcium Oxide and Water (Slaking of Lime)
1.8 Heat of Solution of Lithium Chloride
1.9 Heat of Hydration of Copper(II) Sulfate
1.10 Reactions of Metals and Hydrochloric Acid
1.11 Crystallization from Supersaturated Solutions of Sodium Acetate
1.12 Crystallization of Sodium Thiosulfate
1.13 Supercooling of Thymol
1.14 Chemical Hot Pack
1.15 Burning of Magnesium
1.16 Combustion Under Water
1.17 Combustion of Cellulose Nitrate (Guncotton)
1.18 Combustion of Peroxyacetone
1.19 Reaction of Zinc and Iodine
1.20 Reaction of Zinc and a Mixture of Ammonium Nitrate and Ammonium Chloride
1.21 Reaction of Zinc and Sulfur
1.22 Reaction of Iron and Sulfur
1.23 Reaction of Sodium Peroxide and Sulfur
1.24 Reaction of Sodium Peroxide and Aluminum
1.25 Reaction of Sodium and Chlorine
1.26 Reaction of Antimony and Chlorine
1.27 Reaction of Iron and Chlorine
1.28 Reaction of Aluminum and Bromine
1.29 Reaction of White Phosphorus and Chlorine
1.30 Reaction of Red Phosphorus and Bromine
1.31 Spontaneous Combustion of White Phosphorus
1.32 Dehydration of Sugar by Sulfuric Acid
1.33 Reaction of Potassium Chlorate and Sugar
1.34 Decomposition of Ammonium Dichromate
1.35 Reaction of Potassium Permanganate and Glycerine
1.36 Thermite Reaction
1.37 Combustion of Magnesium in Carbon Dioxide
1.38 Pyrophoric Lead
1.39 Explosive Decomposition of Nitrogen Triiodide
1.40 Explosive Reactions of the Allotropes of Phosphorus and Potassium Chlorate
1.41 Explosions of Lycopodium and Other Powders
1.42 Explosive Reaction of Hydrogen and Oxygen
1.43 Combustion of Methane
1.44 Explosive Reaction of Nitric Oxide and Carbon Disulfide
1.45 Photochemical Reaction of Hydrogen and Chlorine

2.1 Singlet Molecular Oxygen
2.2 Lightsticks
2.3 Sensitized Oxalyl Chloride Chemiluminescence
2.4 Oxidations of Luminol
2.5 Luminol Chemiluminescent Clock Reactions
2.6 Two-Color Chemiluminescent Clock Reaction
2.7 Hydrogen Peroxide Oxidation of Lucigenin
2.8 Air Oxidation of White Phosphorus
2.9 Air Oxidation of Tetrakis(dimethylamino)ethylene
2.10 Chemiluminescence of Tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II) Ion
2.11 Explosive Reaction of Nitric Oxide and Carbon Disulfide

3.1 Nylon 6-10
3.2 Polyurethane Foam
3.3 Phenol-Formaldehyde Polymer
3.4 Resorcinol-Formaldehyde Polymer
3.5 Aniline Hydrochloride-Formaldehyde Polymer
3.6 Urea-Formaldehyde Polymer
3.7 Phenolphthalein-Terephthaloyl Chloride Polymer
3.8 Polybutadiene (Jumping Rubber)
3.9 Poly(methyl acrylate)
3.10 Poly(methyl methacrylate)
3.11 Polystyrene
3.12 Sulfur Polymer or Plastic Sulfur
3.13 Thiokol Rubber
3.14 Cuprammonium Rayon

4.1 Iodo Complexes of Mercury(II): "The Orange Tornado"
4.2 Chloro and Thiocyanato Complexes of Cobalt(II)
4.3 Precipitates and Complexes of Lead(II)
4.4 Iodo and Silver(I) Complexes of Silver Iodide
4.5 Precipitates and Complexes of Nickel(II)
4.6 Precipitates and Complexes of Silver(I)
4.7 Bromo Complexes of Copper(II)
4.8 Precipitates and Complexes of Copper(II)
4.9 Reactions Between Antimony(III) and Chloride Ions
4.10 Reactions Between Carbon Dioxide and Limewater
4.11 Precipitates and Complexes of Iron(III)

== Demonstrations in Volume 2 ==

5.1 Collapsing Can
5.2 Mercury Barometers
5.3 Effect of Pressure on the Size of a Balloon
5.4 Boyle's Law
5.5 Boyle's Law and the Mass of a Textbook
5.6 Thermal Expansion of Gases
5.7 Charles's Law
5.8 Determination of Absolute Zero
5.9 Dependence of Pressure on the Amount of Gas
5.10 Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures
5.11 Avogadro's Hypothesis
5.12 Determination of the Molecular Mass of the Gas from a Butane Lighter
5 13 Determination of the Molecular Mass of a Volatile Liquid: The Dumas Method
5.14 Flow of Gases Through a Porous Cup
5.15 Ratio of Diffusion Coefficients: The Ammonium Chloride Ring
5.16 Molecular Collisions: The Diffusion of Bromine Vapor
5.17 Graham's Law of Diffusion
5.18 Graham's Law of Effusion
5.19 Liquid-Vapor Equilibrium
5.20 Solid-Vapor Equilibrium
5.21 Boiling Liquids at Reduced Pressure
5.22 Vapor Pressure
5.23 Relative Velocity of Sound Propagation: Musical Molecular Weights
5.24 Electrical Conductivity of Gases
5.25 Superheated Steam
5.26 Kinetic Molecular Theory Simulator

6.1 Preparation and Properties of Carbon Dioxide
6.2 Reactions of Carbon Dioxide in Aqueous Solution
6.3 Reaction Between Carbon Dioxide and Limewater
6.4 Carbon Dioxide Equilibria and Reaction Rates: Carbonic Anhydrase-catalyzed Hydration
6.5 Combustion of Magnesium in Carbon Dioxide
6.6 Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen
6.7 Explosiveness of Hydrogen
6.8 Preparation and Properties of Oxygen
6.9 Reaction of Oxygen with Dextrose: "The Blue-Bottle Experiment"
6.10 Preparation and Properties of Liquid Oxygen
6.11 Explosive Reaction of Hydrogen and Oxygen
6.12 Preparation and Properties of Nitrogen
6.13 Combustion of a Candle in Air
6.14 Combustion of Magnesium in Air
6.15 Preparation and Properties of Nitrogen(II) Oxide
6.16 Reaction Between Nitrogen(11) Oxide and Oxygen: Combining Volumes of Gases
6.17 Equilibrium Between Nitrogen Dioxide and Dinitrogen Tetroxide
6.18 Preparation and Properties of Sulfur Dioxide
6.19 Combining Volume of Oxygen with Sulfur
6.20 Preparation and Properties of Methane
6.21 Combustion of Methane
6.22 Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen Chloride
6.23 Preparation and Properties of Ammonia
6.24 Gas Solubility: The Fountain Effect
6.25 Reaction Between Ammonia and Hydrogen Chloride
6.26 Catalytic Oxidation of Ammonia
6.27 Vapor-Phase Oxidations
6.28 Preparation and Properties of Chlorine
6.29 Facilitated Transport of Carbon Dioxide Through a Soap Film

7.1 Briggs-Rauscher Reaction
7.2 Cerium-catalyzed Bromate-Malonic Acid Reaction (The Classic Belousov-Zhabotinsky Reaction)
7.3 Cerium-catalyzed Bromate-Methylmalonic Acid Reaction (A Modified Belousov-Zhabotinsky Reaction)
7.4 Cerium-catalyzed Bromate-Ethylacetoacetate Reaction (A Modified Belousov-Zhabotinsky Reaction)
7.5 Manganese-catalyzed Bromate-Ethylacetoacetate Reaction (A Modified Belousov-Zhabotinsky Reaction)
7.6 Manganese-catalyzed Bromate-Malonic Acid Reaction (A Modified Belousov-Zhabotinsky Reaction)
7.7 Manganese-catalyzed Bromate-2,4-Pentanedione Reaction (A Modified Belousov-Zhabotinsky Reaction)
7.8 Manganese-catalyzed Bromate佑itric Acid Reaction (A Modified Belousov-Zhabotinsky Reaction)
7.9 Photofluorescent Cerium-catalyzed Bromate柚alonic Acid Reaction (A Modified Belousov-Zhabotinsky Reaction)
7.10 Oxidation of Pyrogallol by Bromate
7.11 Oxidation of Tannic Acid by Bromate
7.12 Travelling Waves of Color
7.13 Nitrogen Gas Evolution Oscillator
7.14 Liesegang Rings

== Demonstrations in Volume 3 ==

8.1 Colorful Acid-Base Indicators
8.2 Rainbow Colors with Mixed Acid-Base Indicators
8.3 Invisible Painting
8.4 Acid-Base Indicators Extracted from Plants
8.5 Classical Properties of Acids and Bases
8.6 Food Is Usually Acidic, Cleaners Are Usually Basic
8.7 Differing Properties of Four Common Acids
8.8 Etching Glass with Hydrogen Fluoride
8.9 "Coin-Operated Red, White, and Blue Demonstration": Fountain Effect with Nitric Acid and Copper
8.10 Fountain Effect with Ammonia, Hydrogen Chloride, and Indicators
8.11 Fizzing and Foaming: Reactions of Acids with Carbonates
8.12 Sealed-Bag Reactions with Acids and Bases
8.13 Hydrolysis: Acidic and Basic Properties of Salts
8.14 Acidic and Basic Properties of Oxides
8.15 Colors, Bubbles, and Fog: Acidic Properties of Carbon Dioxide in Aqueous Solutions
8.16 Acidic Properties of Nitrogen(IV) Oxide
8.16 Acidic Properties of Combustion Products of Sulfur, Nitrogen, and Chlorinated Polymers
8.18 Acid-Neutralizing Capacity of Lake Beds
8.19 Amphoteric Properties of the Hydroxides of Aluminum, Zinc, Chromium, and Lead
8.20 Differences Between Acid Strength and Concentration
8.21 Conductivity and Extent of Dissociation of Acids in Aqueous Solution
8.22 Effects of Ion-Exchange Resins on pH and Solution Conductivity
8.23 End Point of an Acid-Base Titration Determined by Electrical Conductivity
8.24 Effect of Acetate Ion on the Acidity of Acetic Acid: Common Ion Effect
8.25 Effect of Molecular Structure on the Strength of Organic Acids and Bases in Aqueous Solutions
8.26 Determination of Neutralizing Capacity of Antacids
8.27 Instrumental Recording of a Titration Curve
8.28 Buffering Action and Capacity 8.29 Buffering Action of Alka-Seltzer 8.30 Effect of pH on Protein Solubility
8.31 Lewis Acid-Base Properties of Aluminum Chloride and Hydrogen Chloride
8.32 Reaction Between Ammonia and Hydrogen Chloride

9.1 Volume Changes upon Mixing
9.2 Density and Miscibility of Liquids
9.3 The Dependence of Volume on Temperature: Coefficients of Thermal Expansion
9.4 Boiling Water in a Paper Cup: Heat Capacity of Water
9.5 Vapor Pressure of Pure Liquids and Solutions
9.6 Evaporation as an Endothermic Process
9.7 Liquid-Vapor Equilibrium
9.8 Boiling Liquids at Reduced Pressure
9.9 Vapor Pressure of a Solution (A Corridor Display)
9.10 Separating Liquids: Fractional Distillation
9.11 Failing to Separate Liquids: Azeotropy
9.12 Salting Out: Making Liquids Immiscible
9.13 Effect of Temperature on the Solubility of Manganese(H) Sulfate Hydrates
9.14 Chemical Cold Pack: Dissolution as an Endothermic Process
9.15 Heat of Solution of Lithium Chloride
9.16 Heat of Hydration of Copper(II) Sulfate
9.17 Volume Increase upon Neutralization
9.18 Effect of Temperature and Pressure on the Solubility of Gases in Liquids
9.19 Osmosis Through the Membrane of an Egg
9.20 Osmotic Pressure of a Sugar Solution
9.21 Getting Colder: Freezing-Point Depression
9.22 Getting Hotter: Boiling-Point Elevation by Nonvolatile Solutes
9.23 At the Water's Edge: Surface Spreading and Surface Tension
9.24 Will a Tissue Hold Water? Interfacial Tension
9.25 The Shape of Drops: Surface and Gravitational Work
9.26 The Ice Bomb: Expansion of Water as It Freezes
9.27 Flow of Liquids Through Pipes: Liquid Viscosities
9.28 Molecules in Slow Motion: Diffusion in Liquids
9.29 Facilitated Transport of Carbon Dioxide Through a Soap Film
9.30 Equilibration of Liquid Density via Diffusion
9.31 Electrical Conductivity of Liquids
9.32 Moving Liquids with Electricity: Dielectric Properties of Liquids
9.33 The Tubeless Siphon
9.34 Rod Climbing by a Polymer Solution
9.35 Snappy Liquid: Elastic Properties of a Soap Solution
9.36 Fog: An Aerosol of Condensed Water Vapor
9.37 Clean Air with the Cottrell Precipitator
9.38 A Collection of Foams: Some Suds for Drinking and Some for Washing
9.39 Solid Foams
9.40 Oil-Water Emulsions
9.41 Color of the Sunset: The Tyndall Effect
9.42 An Ancient Colloid: India Ink
9.43 Canned Heat: Alcohol Gels
9.44 "Slime": Gelation of Poly(vinyl alcohol) with Borax
9.45 Shake It and Move It: Thixotropy and Dilatancy
9.46 Staying Dry: Phase Transitions of a Poly(acrylamide) Gel
9.47 Growing Colorful Crystals in Gels
9.48 Liesegang Rings: Spatial Oscillation in Precipitate Formation
9.49 Colorful Stalagmites: The Silicate Garden
9.50 Colors and Shapes of Soap Films and Bubbles
9.51 Rotating Rainbows: A Solution in Polarized Light
9.52 Floating and Sinking: Osmosis Through a Copper Hexacyanoferrate(II) Membrane

== Demonstrations in Volume 4 ==

10.1 The Landolt Iodine Clock: Oxidation of Bisulfite by Iodate 10.2 Color Variations of the Landolt Reaction.
10.3 Old Nassau Orange and Black: The Landolt Reaction with Mercury Indicator
10.4 Hydrogen Peroxide Iodine Clock: Oxidation of Potassium Iodide by Hydrogen Peroxide
10.5 Thiosulfate-Countered Oxidation of Iodide by Peroxydisulfate 10.6 Oxidation of Iodide by Iron(III)
10.7 Hydrolysis of 2-Chloro-2-Methylpropane
10.8 Aldehyde-Acetone Condensation
10.9 Formaldehyde-Sulfite Complex Formation
10.10 Luminol Chemiluminescent Clock Reactions
10.11 Two-Color Chemiluminescent Clock Reaction
10.12 Disproportionation of Acidified Sodium Thiosulfate
10.13 Precipitation of Arsenic(II1) Sulfide
10.14 Bromate Oxidation of Manganese
10.15 Periodate-Thiosulfate Reaction

11.1 Magnetic Field from a Conducting Solution
11.2 An Activity Series: Zinc, Copper, and Silver Half Cells
11.3 The "Standard" Orange Electrode
11.4 Constructing a Dry Cell
11.5 The Lead Storage Battery
11.6 A Gravity Cell
11.7 Electricity from a Fuel Cell
11.8 A Zinc-Acid Cell
11.9 A Zinc-Iodine Cell
11.10 A Copper-Magnesium Cell
11.11 A Concentration Cell
11.12 A Potentiometric Silver Series
11.13 Migration of Copper(II) and Dichromate Ions
11.14 Electrolysis of Water: Color Changes and Exploding Bubbles
11.15 Electrochemical Production of an Explosive Gas Mixture
11.16 Electrolytic Cells in Series: A Red, White, and Blue Electrolysis
11.17 Electrolysis of Potassium Iodide Solution
11.18 Electrolysis of Sodium Chloride Solution: The Disappearing Indicator
11.19 Coulometers: Measuring Charge by Electrolysis
11.20 A Chemical Rectifier: Converting AC to DC
11.21 Growing Metallic Crystals: Electrolysis of Metal Salts
11.22 Electrolysis of Copper(II) Bromide Solution
11.23 Copper Leaves: Electroplating with Copper
11.24 Forming a Copper Mirror
11.25 Nickel Plating: Shiny Nickel Leaves
11.26 Chromium Plating
11.27 Silver Plating
11.28 Formation of a Silver Mirror
11.29 Galvanizing: Zinc Plating
11.30 Electrodeposition of Metallic Sodium Through Glas
11.31 Anodization of Aluminum
11.32 The Mercury Beating Heart
11.33 Copper to Silver to Gold

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