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The Chemical Warfare Service

Author: Brooks E Kleber; Dale Birdsell
Publisher: Washington, DC : Center of Military History, United States Army : For sale by the U.S. G.P.O., Supt. of Docs., 2003.
Series: CMH pub, 10-3.; United States Army in World War II., Technical services.
Edition/Format:   Print book : National government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Preface: This is the first of three volumes devoted to the activities of the Chemical Warfare Service in World War II. Part one of the present volume traces the organization and administration of the Chemical Warfare Service from its origins in World War I up through World War II. Part two deals with training of military personnel for offensive and defensive chemical warfare in the same period.
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Kleber, Brooks E.
Chemical Warfare Service.
Washington, DC : Center of Military History, United States Army : For sale by the U.S.G.P.O., Supt. of Docs., 2003
(OCoLC)761373143
Material Type: Government publication, National government publication
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Brooks E Kleber; Dale Birdsell
OCLC Number: 52826595
Description: xvii, 697 pages : illustrations, maps ; 26 cm.
Contents: Chapter 1: Origins Of The Chemical Warfare Service --
World War I --
CWS between the Wars --
Chapter 2: CWS In The European Theater --
Planning and organization: 1940-43 --
Planning and organization: 1944-45 --
Summary --
Chapter 3: CWS Administration And Supply: Mediterranean --
Chemical supply: Beachhead phase --
Chemical supply: Theater organization phase --
Theater chemical supply problems --
Chapter 4: Theater Supply: Europe --
Evolving the Theater CWS supply system --
Air chemical supply --
Ground chemical supply --
On the Continent --
Chapter 5: CWS Administration: Pacific --
CWS in the West and Southwest Pacific, 1941-42 --
Principal mission-1943 --
CWS, Southwest Pacific Area, 1944-45 --
Organizing the CWS, Hawaiian Department --
Offensive period in the Central Pacific --
Chapter 5: Theater Supply: Pacific --
Foundation of chemical supply in Australia --
Tyranny of climate and distance --
Chemical warfare tactical supply, Southwest Pacific Area --
Theater supply system, Central Pacific --
Chemical warfare tactical supply, Central Pacific --
Chapter 7: Chemical Warfare Service Units --
Chemical laboratory company --
Chemical maintenance company --
Chemical depot company --
Chemical decontamination company Chemical processing company --
Chemical service company --
Chemical air service companies --
Chapter 8: Large Area Smoke Screens In The MTO --
Background of large area screening --
Initial operations: the Northwest African Ports --
Perfecting the technique: the Italian Ports --
Changing mission: smoke in Amphibious and Beachhead operations --
Smoke in normal forward area operations --
Chapter 9: Large Are Smoke Screens In The ETO --
Invasion of Normandy --
Generators, units, and missions --
Use of smoke at River Crossings --
Summary --
Chapter 10: Large Area Smoke Screens In The Pacific --
Early attempts to introduce area screening in SWPA --
Question of mission --
Renewed interest in smoke --
Navy's use of smoke --
Screens for Airborne Operations --
Chapter 11: 4-2 Inch Mortar In The MTO --
Authorization of the high explosive mission --
Activation of chemical mortar units --
Sicily --
Salerno landings --
From the Volturno to the Winter Line --
Gustav Line --
Anzio Beachhead --
Cassino --
Drive on Rome --
Invasion of Southern France --
Fighting ends in Italy --
Chapter 12: Chemical Mortar In The ETO --
Preparations for OVERLORD --
Normandy campaign --
Operational problems --
Drive toward Germany --
Mortar parts and their maintenance --
German winter offensive --
Mortar shell malfunctions --
Final drive --
Chapter 13: Chemical Mortar In The Pacific --
South Pacific Area --
Southwest Pacific Area --
Central Pacific Area --
Amphibious employment of the 4-2 inch chemical mortar --
Chapter 14: Flame Thrower In The Pacific: Guadalcanal To The Marshall Islands --
Portable flame thrower in the South Pacific --
Southwest Pacific: the first years --
Introduction of the portable flame thrower in the Central Pacific Area --
Chapter 15: Flame Thrower In The Pacific: Marianas To Okinawa --
Need for a mechanized flame thrower --
Marians --
Peleliu --
Philippines --
Iwo Jima --
Okinawa --
Preparations for the invasion of Japan --
Chapter 16: Flame Thrower In The War Against Germany --
Portable flame thrower in the MTO --
Portable flame thrower in the ETO --
Mechanized flame thrower --
Chapter 17: Fire From The Air --
Incendiary bomb: the strategic weapon --
Fire bomb: the tactical weapon --
Chapter 18: CWS Overseas-An Evaluation --
Administration and manpower --
Logistics --
Weapons --
Readiness for gas warfare --
Why gas was not used --
Charts: --
1: Organization of Chemical Warfare Service, American Expeditionary Forces, 13 July 1918 --
2: Suggested organization of offices of chemical officers, theater of operations --
3: Planned distribution of staff and service agencies, chemical warfare service, theater of operations --
4: Organization of chemical warfare service section, headquarters, European Theater of operations, U S Army, January 1944 --
5: Actual distribution of service agencies and combat units, chemical warfare service, European Theater of Operations, 1944-1945 --
6: Organization of chemical warfare section, Allied Force Headquarters, and Headquarters, North African Theater of Operations, U S Army, November 1943 --
7: Organization of chemical section, Headquarters, United States Army Services of supply, Southwest Pacific Ares, 1 June 1944 --
8: Organization of Chemical Office, Headquarters, U S Army Forces, Pacific Ocean Areas, 1 April 1945 --
Bibliographical note --
List of abbreviations --
Code names --
Index --
Maps --
1: Theaters of Operations, 1943 --
2: Pacific Ocean Areas, 1 August 1942 --
3: Smoke at Naples, December 1943 --
4: Smoke at Anzio, 18 March 1944 --
5: Smoke along the Garigliano, April 1944 --
6: Smoke generator operations, 10-15 September 1944 --
7: Nadzab smoke curtains, 5 September 1943.
Series Title: CMH pub, 10-3.; United States Army in World War II., Technical services.
Other Titles: Chemicals in combat
Responsibility: by Brooks E. Kleber and Dale Birdsell.

Abstract:

Preface: This is the first of three volumes devoted to the activities of the Chemical Warfare Service in World War II. Part one of the present volume traces the organization and administration of the Chemical Warfare Service from its origins in World War I up through World War II. Part two deals with training of military personnel for offensive and defensive chemical warfare in the same period.

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