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Chemicals from microalgae

Author: Zvi Cohen, Ph. D.
Publisher: London ; Philadelphia, PA : Taylor & Francis, ©1999.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:

This work covers aspects that relate to the use of microalgae as a source of chemicals. It discusses the occurence and physiological role of these chemicals and examines the methods aimed at  Read more...

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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Zvi Cohen, Ph. D.
ISBN: 9780748405152 0748405151
OCLC Number: 41926186
Description: xvii, 419 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm
Contents: Porphyridium cruentum --
Fatty acid composition --
Triacylglycerols --
Biosynthesis of AA and EPA --
Feeding with fatty acid precursors --
Radiolabelling studies --
Selection of mutants deficient in EPA biosynthesis --
Environmental factors affecting PUFA content --
Temperature --
Light intensity and biomass concentration --
Nitrogen starvation --
Strains --
Outdoor cultivation --
EPA overproduction --
EPA purification --
Feeding with external fatty acids --
Monodus subterraneus --
Fatty acid composition of individual lipids --
Effects of nutritional and environmental conditions --
Outdoor cultivation --
Evaluation of EPA-producing species --
Production of high purity EPA --
Biosynthesis --
Future directions --
Production of eicosapentaenoic acid by the marine eustigmatophyte Nannochloropsis --
Nannochloropsis and other eustigmatophytes --
Chemical composition --
Biosynthesis of lipids and polyunsaturated fatty acids --
Modulation of fatty acid composition --
Mass production --
Commercial applications and feeding experiments --
Production of EPA from Phaeodactylum tricornutum --
Criteria for selecting Phaeodactylum tricornutum UTEX 640 as a potential source of EPA --
Phaeodactylum tricornutum UTEX 640 biomass production in horizontal tubular air-lift photobioreactors --
EPA production from Phaeodactylum tricornutum UTEX 640 --
Genetic improvement of EPA content in microalgae --
The genetic approach to strain improvement --
Genetic improvement of EPA content in microalgae --
Recovery of algal PUFAs --
A general overview of lipid and fatty acid extraction --
PUFA concentration and purification techniques --
Integrated process for obtaining highly pure PUFA from algae --
Microalgal carotenoids --
Structures of microalgal carotenoids --
Distribution of microalgal carotenoids --
Isolation, identification and structure elucidation --
Biological aspects --
Production of astaxanthin by Haematococcus --
Astaxanthin-producing microalgae --
Cell cycle of Haematococcus --
Pathway of astaxanthin synthesis --
Regulation of biosynthesis of carotenoids leading to astaxanthin --
Location of astaxanthin in Haematococcus cells --
Factors affecting astaxanthin accumulation and cell growth --
Function of secondary carotenoids including astaxanthin --
Improvement of cell growth and astaxanthin synthesis --
Molecular biology of Haematococcus --
Commercial production and application of astaxanthin from Haematococcus --
Conclusion and future work --
Production of [beta]-carotene from Dunaliella --
Biology and halotolerance --
[beta]-carotene and production --
Biotechnology of [beta]-carotene production by Dunaliella --
Natural versus synthetic [beta]-carotene --
Commercial producers --
Chemicals of Botryococcus braunii --
Isolation and methodology for the study of chemicals from B. braunii --
Hydrocarbons --
Usual lipids --
Non-classical lipids --
Macromolecular lipids and algaenans --
Polysaccharides --
Biotechnological studies --
Phycobiliproteins --
Phycobiliproteins from cyanobacteria or red algae --
Cryptomonad phycobiliproteins --
Applications of the phycobiliproteins --
Polysaccharides of red microalgae --
Red microalgae --
Cell-wall polysaccharides of the red microalgae --
Cell wall formation --
Production of new polysaccharides by protoplast fusion --
Applications of red microalgal polysaccharides --
Polyhydroxyalkanoates --
Properties of PHAs relevant to their use --
Biosynthesis of PHAs --
Occurrence of PHAs in cyanobacteria --
Functions of PHAs in cyanobacteria --
Future prospects --
Pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals from microalgae --
Antibiotics --
Antiviral activity --
Cytotoxic, antitumour and antineoplastic metabolites --
Toxins --
Other pharmacologically active compounds --
Other activities --
Vitamins, carotenoids and fatty acids --
Production of biologically active substances by algal culture --
Culture versus 'wild' --
Physiological principles and modes of cultivation in mass production of photoautotrophic microalgae --
Microalgal nutrition --
Temperature and light: the major growth limitations outdoors --
Reactors for mass production of microalgae --
Maintenance of mass cultures --
Economic evaluation of microalgal processes and products --
The algae and algal products --
Economic modelling --
The cost of algal production --
case studies.
Responsibility: edited by Zvi Cohen.
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