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Chemistry for environmental engineering

Author: Armen S Casparian; Gergely Sirokman
Publisher: New York, [New York] (222 East 46th Street, New York, NY 10017) : Momentum Press, 2016.
Series: Environmental engineering collection.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : English : First editionView all editions and formats
Summary:
This book presents the basic principles of chemistry in a quick and clear presentation. All introductory chemistry topics are discussed, as are some organic chemistry topics, which are necessary for a good foundation to understand engineering applications. Readers will find quick and clear explanations, and many solved problems for reference.
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Armen S Casparian; Gergely Sirokman
ISBN: 9781606505014 1606505017
OCLC Number: 936210037
Description: 1 online resource (1 PDF (xvi, 156 pages) :) illustrations.
Contents: 1. Fundamentals of chemistry I --
1.1 Introduction: the fundamental proposition of chemistry and matter --
1.2 Basic concepts: the periodic table, symbols and notation, and common quantities and their units --
1.2.1 Symbols and notation --
1.2.2 Common quantities and units of measurement --
1.3 Writing chemical formulas and names --
1.3.1 Inorganic nomenclature and formula writing --
1.3.2 Calculating oxidation states from formulas --
1.4 Calculating molar masses and Avogadro's principle --
1.5 Determining the percent composition of a compound --
1.6 Determining empirical and molecular formulas from percent composition --
1.7 Solubility and concentration units for aqueous solutions --
1.8 Gas laws --
1.8.1 The kinetic molecular theory of gases --
1.8.2 The general gas law --
1.8.3 The ideal gas law --
1.8.4 Dalton's law of partial pressures --
1.8.5 Graham's law of effusion --
1.8.6 Intermolecular forces --
1.9 Chemical reactions --
1.9.1 Five categories of chemical reactions --
1.9.2 Oxidation-reduction or RED-OX reactions --
1.9.3 Writing and balancing chemical reactions --
1.9.4 Simple stoichiometry --
1.9.5 An illustrative example of a decomposition reaction, an explosion --
1.9.6 Limiting reagents --
1.9.7 Percent yield --
1.9.8 Consecutive and simultaneous reactions --
1.9.9 Energy change for exothermic vs endothermic reactions --
1.10 Colligative properties of solutions --
1.10.1 Basic concept --
1.10.2 Boiling-point elevation --
1.10.3 Freezing-point depression --
1.10.4 Henry's law --
1.10.5 Raoult's law for vapor-pressure lowering --
1.10.6 Osmotic pressure --
1.11 Acids, bases, and salts --
1.11.1 Basic concept --
1.11.2 Concentration units and the pH scale --
1.11.3 Calculations for strong acids and bases --
2. Fundamentals of chemistry --
2.1 Chemical equilibrium --
2.1.1 Basic concept --
2.1.2 The meaning of Kc --
2.1.3 Calculations for Kc --
2.1.4 Predicting equilibrium using a test quotient --
2.2 Stresses and Le Chatelier's principle --
2.2.1 Dependence of Kc on temperature --
2.3 Calculations for weak acids and bases --
2.3.1 Hydrolysis --
2.3.2 Buffer solutions and the Henderson-Hasselbalch equation --
2.3.3 Amphoterism --
2.4 Solubility product constants --
2.4.1 Basic concept --
2.4.2 Definition of solubility product constant, Ksp --
2.4.3 Calculating the molar solubility from Ksp --
2.4.4 Common and uncommon ion, and pH effects --
2.4.5 Predicting precipitation --
2.5 Complex ion formation --
2.5.1 Basic concept --
2.5.2 Chelating and sequestering agents --
2.6 Chemical kinetics --
2.6.1 Basic concept --
2.6.2 Reaction rate laws, orders, and constants --
2.6.3 First and second-order reactions --
2.6.4 Half-life of a reaction --
2.6.5 Dependence on temperature: the arrhenius equation --
2.6.6 Catalysis --
2.7 Chemical thermodynamics and thermochemistry --
2.7.1 Basic concept --
2.7.2 Enthalpy and Hess's law --
2.7.3 The first law and the conservation of energy --
2.7.4 The second law and entropy --
2.7.5 The third law and absolute zero --
2.7.6 Gibbs free energy and the spontaneity of a reaction --
2.8 Electrochemistry and Red-Ox reactions --
2.8.1 Basic concept --
2.8.2 The Nernst equation --
2.8.3 A simple electrochemical cell --
3. Organic chemistry and essentials of polymer chemistry --
3.1 Alkanes, simple carbon chains --
3.1.1 Drawing organic molecules --
3.2 Functional groups --
3.2.1 Alkenes --
3.2.2 Alkynes --
3.2.3 Other groups --
3.2.4 Branches --
3.3 Aromatic compounds --
3.4 Isomers and congeners --
3.5 Essentials of polymer chemistry --
3.5.1 Addition polymers --
3.5.2 Condensation polymers --
3.5.3 Common polymers --
3.5.4 Polymer concerns --
Index.
Series Title: Environmental engineering collection.
Responsibility: Armen S. Casparian, Gergely Sirokman.

Abstract:

This book presents the basic principles of chemistry in a quick and clear presentation. All introductory chemistry topics are discussed, as are some organic chemistry topics, which are necessary for a good foundation to understand engineering applications. Readers will find quick and clear explanations, and many solved problems for reference.

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