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Chemistry : the central science

Author: Theodore L Brown; et al
Publisher: Upper Saddle River, NJ : Pearson Prentice Hall, ©2009.
Edition/Format:   Book : English : 11th edView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
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Funded by DSU Title III 2007-2012.
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Genre/Form: Textbooks
Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Chemistry.
Upper Saddle River, NJ : Pearson Prentice Hall, [2008], c2009
(OCoLC)763968146
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Theodore L Brown; et al
ISBN: 9780136006176 0136006175 0136012507 9780136012504 0132358484 9780132358484 0136018793 9780136018797 9781408222218 1408222213
OCLC Number: 175218560
Notes: Includes index.
Description: xxxiii, 1117, [79] p. : ill. (chiefly col.) ; 29 cm.
Contents: Introduction: Matter and measurement : 1. The study of chemistry ; Classifications of matter ; Properties of matter ; Units of measurement ; Uncertainty in measurement ; Dimensional analysis --
2. Atoms, molecules, and ions : The atomic theory of matter ; The discovery of atomic structure ; The modern view of atomic structure ; Atomic weights ; The periodic table ; Molecules and molecular compounds ; Ions and ionic compounds ; Naming inorganic compounds ; Some simple organic compounds --
3. Stoichiometry: calculations with chemical formulas and equations : Chemical equations ; Some simple patterns of chemical reactivity ; Formula weights ; Avogadro's number and the mole ; Empirical formulas from analyses ; Quantitative information from balanced equations ; Limiting reactants --
4. Aqueous reactions and solution stoichiometry : General properties of aqueous solutions ; Precipitation reactions ; Acid-base reactions ; Oxidation-reduction reactions ; Concentrations of solutions ; Solution stoichiometry and chemical analysis --
5. Thermochemistry : The nature of energy ; The first law of thermodynamics ; Enthalpy ; Enthalpies of reaction ; Calorimetry ; Hess's law ; Enthalpies of formation ; Foods and fuels --
6. Electronic structure of atoms : The wave nature of light ; Quantized energy and photons ; Line spectra and the Bohr model ; The wave behavior of matter ; Quantum mechanics and atomic orbitals ; Representations of orbitals ; Many-electron atoms ; Electron configurations ; Electron configurations and the periodic table --
7. Periodic properties of the elements : Development of the periodic table ; Effective nuclear charge ; Sizes of atoms and ions ; Ionization energy ; Electron affinities ; Metals, nonmetals, and metalloids ; Group trends for the active metals ; Group trends for selected nonmetals --
8. Basic concepts of chemical bonding : Chemical bonds, Lewis symbols, and the octet rule ; Ionic bonding ; Covalent bonding ; Bond polarity and electronegativity ; Drawing Lewis structures ; Resonance structures ; Exceptions to the octet rule ; Strengths of covalent bonds --
9. Molecular geometry and bonding theories : Molecular shapes ; The VSEPR model ; Molecular shape and molecular polarity ; Covalent bonding and orbital overlap ; Hybrid orbitals ; Multiple bonds ; Molecular orbitals ; Second-row diatomic molecules --
10. Gases : Characteristics of gases ; Pressure ; The gas laws ; The ideal-gas equation ; Further applications of the ideal-gas equation ; Gas mixtures and partial pressures ; Kinetic-molecular theory ; Molecular effusion and diffusion ; Real gases: deviations from ideal behavior --
11. Intermolecular forces, liquids, and solids : A molecular comparison of gases, liquids, and solids ; Intermolecular forces ; Some properties of liquids ; Phase changes ; Vapor pressure ; Phase diagrams ; Structures of solids ; Bonding in solids --
12. Modern materials : Classes of materials ; Electronic structure of materials ; semiconductors ; Ceramics ; Superconductors ; Polymers and plastics ; Biomaterials ; Liquid crystals ; Nanomaterials --
13. Properties of solutions : The solution process ; Saturated solutions and solubility ; Factors affecting solubility ; Ways of expressing concentration ; Colligative properties ; Colloids --
14. Chemical kinetics : Factors that affect reaction rates ; Reaction rates ; The rate law: the effect of concentration on rate ; The change of concentration with time ; Temperature and rate ; Reaction mechanisms ; Catalysis --
15. Chemical equilibrium : The concept of equilibrium ; The equilibrium constant ; Interpreting and working with equilibrium constants ; Heterogeneous equilibria ; Calculating equilibrium constants ; Applications of equilibrium constants ; Le Châtelier's principle --
16. Acid-base equilibria : Acids and bases: a brief review ; Brønsted/Lowry acids and bases ; The autoionization of water ; The pH scale ; Strong acids and bases ; Weak acids ; Weak bases ; Relationship between Ka and Kb ; Acid-base properties of salt solutions ; Acid-base behavior and chemical structure ; Lewis acids and bases --
17. Additional aspects of aqueous equilibria : The common-ion effect ; Buffered solutions ; Acid-base titrations ; Solubility equilibria ; Factors that affect solubility ; Precipitation and separation of ions ; Qualitative analysis for metallic elements --
18. Chemistry of the environment : Earth's atmosphere ; Outer regions of the atmosphere --
Ozone in the upper atmosphere ; Chemistry of the troposphere ; The world ocean ; Fresh water ; Green chemistry --
19. Chemical thermodynamics : Spontaneous processes ; Entropy and the second law of thermodynamics ; The molecular interpretation of entropy ; Entropy changes in chemical reactions ; Gibbs free energy ; Free energy and temperature ; Free energy and the equilibrium constant --
20. Electrochemistry : Oxidation states and oxidation-reduction reactions ; Balancing oxidation-reduction equations ; Voltaic cells ; Cell EMF under standard conditions ; Free energy and redox reactions ; Cell EMF under nonstandard conditions ; Batteries and fuel cells ; Corrosion ; Electrolysis --
21. Nuclear chemistry : Radioactivity ; Patterns of nuclear stability ; Nuclear transmutations ; Rates of radioactive decay ; Detection of radioactivity ; Energy changes in nuclear reactions ; Nuclear power: fission ; Nuclear power: fusion ; Radiation in the environment and living systems --
22. Chemistry of the nonmetals : General concepts: periodic trends and chemical reactions ; Hydrogen ; Group 8a: the noble gases ; Group 7a: the halogens ; Oxygen ; The other group 6a elements: S, Se, Te, and Po ; Nitrogen ; The other group 5a elements: P, As, Sb, and Bi ; Carbon ; The other group 4a elements: Si, Ge, Sn, and Pb ; Boron --
23. Metals and metallurgy : Occurrence and distribution of metals ; Pyrometallurgy ; Hydrometallurgy ; Electrometallurgy ; Metallic bonding ; Alloys ; Transition metals ; Chemistry of selected transition metals --
24. Chemistry of coordination compounds : Metal complexes ; Ligands with more than one donor atom ; Nomenclature of coordination chemistry ; Isomerism ; Color and magnetism ; Crystal-field theory --
25. The chemistry of life: organic and biological chemistry : Some general characteristics of organic molecules ; Introduction to hydrocarbons ; Alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes ; Organic functional groups ; Chirality in organic chemistry ; Introduction to biochemistry ; Proteins ; Carbohydrates ; Lipids ; Nucleic acids.
Responsibility: Theodore L. Brown ... [et al.].
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Abstract:

Funded by DSU Title III 2007-2012.

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