skip to content
Chocolate to Rainbow City: the dialectics of black and gay community formation in postwar Washington, D.C., 1946-1978 Preview this item
ClosePreview this item
Checking...

Chocolate to Rainbow City: the dialectics of black and gay community formation in postwar Washington, D.C., 1946-1978

Author: Kwame A Holmes; James R Barrett; Orville V Burton; Siobhan Somerville; John D'Emilio
Publisher: Urbana, IL. : University of Illinois, 2011.
Dissertation: Ph. D. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign 2011
Edition/Format:   Thesis/dissertation : Document : Thesis/dissertation : eBook   Computer File : English
Summary:
This dissertation historicizes popular assumptions which frame ⁰́black⁰́₊ and ⁰́₋gay⁰́₊ as exclusive urban identities and which brand black urban communities as embodiments of economic failure, disorderly heterosexuality and criminality and gay communities as embodiments of economic success, safety, urban renewal and whiteness. In order to denaturalize these assumptions my dissertation explores the material,  Read more...
Rating:

(not yet rated) 0 with reviews - Be the first.

Subjects
More like this

Find a copy online

Links to this item

Find a copy in the library

&AllPage.SpinnerRetrieving; Finding libraries that hold this item...

Details

Material Type: Document, Thesis/dissertation, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Kwame A Holmes; James R Barrett; Orville V Burton; Siobhan Somerville; John D'Emilio
OCLC Number: 774894749
Notes: Vita.
Description: 1 pdf file
Details: System requirement: Adobe Acrobat Reader.; Mode of access: World Wide Web.
Responsibility: by Kwame A. Holmes.

Abstract:

This dissertation historicizes popular assumptions which frame ⁰́black⁰́₊ and ⁰́₋gay⁰́₊ as exclusive urban identities and which brand black urban communities as embodiments of economic failure, disorderly heterosexuality and criminality and gay communities as embodiments of economic success, safety, urban renewal and whiteness. In order to denaturalize these assumptions my dissertation explores the material, political and discursive processes through which two adjacent Washington, D.C. geographies, Shaw and DuPont Circle, came to be understood as ⁰́₋black⁰́₊ and ⁰́₋gay⁰́₊ neighborhoods between the end of World War II and the 1978 mayoral election. The racial and sexual complexity of the populations who lived and traveled through DuPont Circle and Shaw in these years belie the ease with which Washingtonians map and inscribe homogenous racial and sexual identities onto them in the present day. I argue that the social movements formed by black and gay activists after World War II to combat both institutional structures of oppression and stigmatizing discourses that justified oppression became stages for redefinitions of the public meaning of ⁰́₋black⁰́₊ and ⁰́₋gay⁰́₊ in the urban context. As postwar logics of mass consumption and commodification came to dominate the way Americans understood the difference between citizens and non-citizens, black and gay movements used claims to particular neighborhoods to rebrand themselves as deserving participants in American life. However, severe economic stratification between the neighborhoods where ⁰́₋black⁰́₊ and ⁰́₋gay⁰́₊ identities were inscribed made activist coalition between black and gay movements impossible and contributed to popular notions that blackness and gayness operated on the urban landscape in oppositional ways. While there may have been an opportunity for black and gay movements to work together, the politicization of the urban landscape as well as the intensification of racial and economic stratification in the postwar era necessarily limited the kinds of narratives black and gay social movements could tell about who belonged within their political constituency or who was truly ⁰́₋black⁰́₊ or ⁰́₋gay.⁰́₊ This project then is less concerned with black and gay activism or agency around specific institutional oppressions. Instead, my dissertation interrogates the possibilities and limitations for stigmatized urban groups to rewrite public discourses that blamed them for the decline of the American city.

Reviews

User-contributed reviews
Retrieving GoodReads reviews...
Retrieving DOGObooks reviews...

Tags

Be the first.
Confirm this request

You may have already requested this item. Please select Ok if you would like to proceed with this request anyway.

Linked Data


Primary Entity

<http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/774894749> # Chocolate to Rainbow City: the dialectics of black and gay community formation in postwar Washington, D.C., 1946-1978
    a pto:Web_document, schema:Book, schema:MediaObject, schema:CreativeWork, bgn:Thesis ;
   bgn:inSupportOf "" ;
   library:oclcnum "774894749" ;
   library:placeOfPublication <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/1009001636#Place/urbana_il> ; # Urbana, IL.
   library:placeOfPublication <http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/countries/ilu> ;
   schema:about <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/1009001636#Thing/african_american_studies> ; # African American Studies
   schema:about <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/1009001636#Thing/urban_history> ; # Urban History
   schema:about <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/1009001636#Thing/american_history> ; # American History
   schema:about <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/1009001636#Thing/lesbian_gay_bisexual_and_transgender_lgbt> ; # Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT)
   schema:about <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/1009001636#Thing/lgbt_studies> ; # LGBT Studies
   schema:contributor <http://viaf.org/viaf/7510476> ; # Orville V. Burton
   schema:contributor <http://viaf.org/viaf/164926054> ; # Siobhan Somerville
   schema:contributor <http://viaf.org/viaf/109346847> ; # James R. Barrett
   schema:contributor <http://viaf.org/viaf/68942315> ; # John D'Emilio
   schema:creator <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/1009001636#Person/holmes_kwame_a> ; # Kwame A. Holmes
   schema:datePublished "2011" ;
   schema:description "This dissertation historicizes popular assumptions which frame ⁰́black⁰́₊ and ⁰́₋gay⁰́₊ as exclusive urban identities and which brand black urban communities as embodiments of economic failure, disorderly heterosexuality and criminality and gay communities as embodiments of economic success, safety, urban renewal and whiteness. In order to denaturalize these assumptions my dissertation explores the material, political and discursive processes through which two adjacent Washington, D.C. geographies, Shaw and DuPont Circle, came to be understood as ⁰́₋black⁰́₊ and ⁰́₋gay⁰́₊ neighborhoods between the end of World War II and the 1978 mayoral election. The racial and sexual complexity of the populations who lived and traveled through DuPont Circle and Shaw in these years belie the ease with which Washingtonians map and inscribe homogenous racial and sexual identities onto them in the present day. I argue that the social movements formed by black and gay activists after World War II to combat both institutional structures of oppression and stigmatizing discourses that justified oppression became stages for redefinitions of the public meaning of ⁰́₋black⁰́₊ and ⁰́₋gay⁰́₊ in the urban context. As postwar logics of mass consumption and commodification came to dominate the way Americans understood the difference between citizens and non-citizens, black and gay movements used claims to particular neighborhoods to rebrand themselves as deserving participants in American life. However, severe economic stratification between the neighborhoods where ⁰́₋black⁰́₊ and ⁰́₋gay⁰́₊ identities were inscribed made activist coalition between black and gay movements impossible and contributed to popular notions that blackness and gayness operated on the urban landscape in oppositional ways. While there may have been an opportunity for black and gay movements to work together, the politicization of the urban landscape as well as the intensification of racial and economic stratification in the postwar era necessarily limited the kinds of narratives black and gay social movements could tell about who belonged within their political constituency or who was truly ⁰́₋black⁰́₊ or ⁰́₋gay.⁰́₊ This project then is less concerned with black and gay activism or agency around specific institutional oppressions. Instead, my dissertation interrogates the possibilities and limitations for stigmatized urban groups to rewrite public discourses that blamed them for the decline of the American city."@en ;
   schema:exampleOfWork <http://worldcat.org/entity/work/id/1009001636> ;
   schema:inLanguage "en" ;
   schema:name "Chocolate to Rainbow City: the dialectics of black and gay community formation in postwar Washington, D.C., 1946-1978"@en ;
   schema:productID "774894749" ;
   schema:publication <http://www.worldcat.org/title/-/oclc/774894749#PublicationEvent/urbana_il_university_of_illinois_2011> ;
   schema:publisher <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/1009001636#Agent/university_of_illinois> ; # University of Illinois
   schema:url <http://hdl.handle.net/2142/26383> ;
   wdrs:describedby <http://www.worldcat.org/title/-/oclc/774894749> ;
    .


Related Entities

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/1009001636#Agent/university_of_illinois> # University of Illinois
    a bgn:Agent ;
   schema:name "University of Illinois" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/1009001636#Person/holmes_kwame_a> # Kwame A. Holmes
    a schema:Person ;
   schema:familyName "Holmes" ;
   schema:givenName "Kwame A." ;
   schema:name "Kwame A. Holmes" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/1009001636#Thing/african_american_studies> # African American Studies
    a schema:Thing ;
   schema:name "African American Studies" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/1009001636#Thing/lesbian_gay_bisexual_and_transgender_lgbt> # Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT)
    a schema:Thing ;
   schema:name "Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT)" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/109346847> # James R. Barrett
    a schema:Person ;
   schema:familyName "Barrett" ;
   schema:givenName "James R." ;
   schema:name "James R. Barrett" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/164926054> # Siobhan Somerville
    a schema:Person ;
   schema:familyName "Somerville" ;
   schema:givenName "Siobhan" ;
   schema:name "Siobhan Somerville" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/68942315> # John D'Emilio
    a schema:Person ;
   schema:familyName "D'Emilio" ;
   schema:givenName "John" ;
   schema:name "John D'Emilio" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/7510476> # Orville V. Burton
    a schema:Person ;
   schema:familyName "Burton" ;
   schema:givenName "Orville V." ;
   schema:name "Orville V. Burton" ;
    .

<http://www.worldcat.org/title/-/oclc/774894749>
    a genont:InformationResource, genont:ContentTypeGenericResource ;
   schema:about <http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/774894749> ; # Chocolate to Rainbow City: the dialectics of black and gay community formation in postwar Washington, D.C., 1946-1978
   schema:dateModified "2018-11-11" ;
   void:inDataset <http://purl.oclc.org/dataset/WorldCat> ;
    .


Content-negotiable representations

Close Window

Please sign in to WorldCat 

Don't have an account? You can easily create a free account.