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The Christian conscience.

Author: Philippe Delhaye
Publisher: New York, Desclee Co. [1968?]
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Philippe Delhaye
OCLC Number: 10799
Notes: Translation of La conscience morale du chrétien.
Description: 277 pages ; 23 cm
Contents: A. Spirit of this study --
1. The conscience, an encounter between God and man --
2. Conscience and law --
3. Method --
B. Precisions on the meaning of the words used --
1. The use of the terms syneidesis and conscientia in classical and sacred languages --
2. The terms used in theological manuals --
a. Habitual and actual conscience --
b. Divisions of the habitual conscience --
c. Divisions of the actual conscience --
3. The senses retained by modern philosophers --
First part: POSITIVE THEOLOGY --
Chapter I: the teaching of St. Paul --
A. The habitual conscience --
1. The conscience: judge and norm --
a. The conscience and personal acts --
The conscience and the behavior of others --
2. The conscience identified with the person --
a. The good conscience --
b. The bad conscience --
c. The weak conscience --
B. The actual conscience --
1. The obligation of obeying the judgment of conscience --
2. The criteria of the conscience and cases of conscience --
a. Judgments of liceity and prudence --
b. Criterion of fraternal charity --
c. Criterion of charity toward God --
d. Criterion of charity toward one's self --
C. The originality of St. Paul. 1. The exceptional importance of the theme of conscience --
2. St. Paul and the philosophers --
Chapter II: biblical themes analogous to conscience-heart, wisdom and prudence --
A. The heart --
1. The heart as a witness to the moral value of acts --
2. The place where the divine law is interiorized --
3. The heart is the source of moral life --
4. The heart is involved in the understanding of moral value --
5. The conversion of the heart --
B. Wisdom and prudence --
1. Wisdom and prudence in the Old Testament --
a. The role of wisdom-prudence --
"Profane" wisdom-prudence --
"Virtuous" wisdom-prudence --
b. Nature of wisdom-prudence --
Intellectual quality --
Moral attitude --
Gift of God --
c. How wisdom is acquired --
Docility and experience --
Moral life --
Prayer and the search after God --
2. Prudence in the New Testament --
a. The gospels --
Jesus recommends "prudence" --
True prudence --
b. St. Paul --
Discerning what is best --
Moral life and prudence --
c. Other New Testament writings --
The epistle of St. James --
Other texts. 3. Prudence and the philosophers --
a. Plato --
b. Aristotle --
c. Cicero and Macrobius --
Chapter III: patristic signposts --
A. The different uses of the terms "conscience" and "heart" --
1. The different terms used to denote the "moral faculty" --
2. The richness of the terms --
B. The theme of remorse and interior peace and the conscience as guide and law --
1. Inborn power --
2. The knowledge of the good --
3. Resistance to good or evil --
4. The conscience, center and origin of the natural law --
5. Optimism of the fathers --
6. Presence of God in the would --
7. The dual nature of the conscience --
8. The various attributes of the conscience --
D. Self involvement and the conscience as a responsible subject and a spiritual center --
1. The pure or defiled conscience --
2. The conscience as a responsible subject --
3. The secret character of the conscience, except before God --
4. The conscience as the moral balance sheet of the soul --
5. The ill conscience and the healed conscience. Second part: DOCTRINE --
Chapter I: the habitual conscience --
A. Nature of the habitual conscience and the doctrinal problem --
1. The word synderesis --
2. The matter itself: the nature of the habitual conscience --
a. The background --
b. Thomistic doctrine --
The nature of synderesis --
What connections must be made between the habitual conscience, the actual conscience and the natural law? --
Can synderesis be wrong or fail? --
Can synderesis cease to act in a soul? --
B. Qualities and defects of the habitual conscience and pastoral and casuist problem --
1. Defective consciences --
a. The broad or pharisaical conscience --
Tendencies --
Factors or predispositions --
The dangers --
Remedies --
b. The scrupulous conscience --
Description --
Factors and predispositions --
Principles of action --
Remedies --
2. The right conscience --
a. Principles --
The conscience in the church --
Conscience and law --
Conscience and the case of conscience --
b. Some directives --
Endeavor for clarity --
Sincerity, a spirit of penance, docility --
Chapter II: the certain actual conscience --
A. Necessity and force of the conscience's judgment. 1. General principles --
2. The teaching of St. Thomas, commenting on St. Paul --
3. Theological reasoning --
B. Description of the judgment of conscience --
1. Analysis of the actual conscience --
2. Does prudence intervene in every judgment of conscience? --
C. The judgment of Liceity --
1. The correct judgment --
2. The case of the invincibly erroneous conscience --
a. Its force for the individual --
b. The "rights" of the invincibly erroneous conscience --
D. An additional note on religious liberty --
1. The nature of religious liberty according to Vatican II --
a. What it is --
b. What it is not --
2. Religious liberty and the gospel --
a. In the first place, the freedom of the act of faith may be mentioned --
b. The example of Jesus Christ --
c. The example of the apostles --
d. The church's attitude --
3. The bases of religious liberty --
a. The juridical basis --
b. The moral basis --
4. The social dimensions of religious liberty --
5. Limitations to religious liberty in civil law --
a. First criterion: other men's rights --
b. The second limitation attached to the right to religious liberty has reference to the "common good" and the "public order" --
6. The state and religious liberty. 7. The church and religious liberty --
a. A right claimed --
b. An acknowledged and favored right --
E. The prudential Judgment --
1. Its different forms --
a. Case of a virtuous act --
b. Case of a sinful act --
c. "Prudentia carnis" --
d. Case of the erroneous conscience --
2. Psychological sources of the prudential judgment --
a. Informing one's self --
b. Judging things in their true value --
c. Decision and actions --
3. Dangers which beset the prudential judgment --
a. Excess of prudence --
b. Absence of prudence --
Think, do not be precipitous --
Be zealous and steadfast --
Chapter III: the doubtful conscience --
Introduction: the meaning of the question-the problem and precisions of vocabulary --
A. Historical background --
1. The middle ages --
2. The "moral systems" --
B. The judgment of Liceity in case of doubt --
1. From practical doubt to moral action --
a. Practical doubt --
The argument from scripture --
The theological argument --
b. The passage from "practical doubt" to "moral certitude." 2. The "principles of action" --
a. When the goal must absolutely be achieved, it is necessary and sufficient to follow the safest and most probable path --
b. In case of conflict between two duties, we must choose the lesser evil --
c. If there is a doubt of fact one will limit oneself to the presumptions that follow from the general qualities and attitudes of the person --
d. In the area of church laws, there is no obligation in the case of a doubt of law --
e. An objective doubtful obligation does not involve a subjective obligation --
Is this probabilism again? --
The cogency of the position --
Objection --
C. The judgment of prudential expediency --
1. The necessity to go beyond the judgment of Liceity --
2. Elements of the judgment of prudential expediency --
a. The criterion of the intention of charity --
b. The concrete realization of the charitable intention --
c. The duty of lucidity --
d. Charity towards oneself and towards others and the circumstances of the act --
3. The pastoral and prudential use of the different solutions of the doubts of conscience --
a. Personal deliberation --
The use of divergent probabilities.
Other Titles: Conscience morale du chrétien.
Responsibility: Translated from the French by Charles Underhill Quinn.

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   schema:description "A. Spirit of this study -- 1. The conscience, an encounter between God and man -- 2. Conscience and law -- 3. Method -- B. Precisions on the meaning of the words used -- 1. The use of the terms syneidesis and conscientia in classical and sacred languages -- 2. The terms used in theological manuals -- a. Habitual and actual conscience -- b. Divisions of the habitual conscience -- c. Divisions of the actual conscience -- 3. The senses retained by modern philosophers -- First part: POSITIVE THEOLOGY -- Chapter I: the teaching of St. Paul -- A. The habitual conscience -- 1. The conscience: judge and norm -- a. The conscience and personal acts -- The conscience and the behavior of others -- 2. The conscience identified with the person -- a. The good conscience -- b. The bad conscience -- c. The weak conscience -- B. The actual conscience -- 1. The obligation of obeying the judgment of conscience -- 2. The criteria of the conscience and cases of conscience -- a. Judgments of liceity and prudence -- b. Criterion of fraternal charity -- c. Criterion of charity toward God -- d. Criterion of charity toward one's self -- C. The originality of St. Paul."@en ;
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