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Cinema before cinema : the origins of scientific cinematography

Author: Virgilio Tosi
Publisher: London : British Universities Film & Video Council, ©2005.
Edition/Format:   Print book : Document   Computer File : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Argues for another history of cinema, one which had its origins in the research needs of nineteenth-century scientists. Investigators such as Étienne-Jules Marey, Georges Demeney, Jules Janssen, Albert Londe, Ottomar Anschütz, and the maverick Eadweard Muybridge were keenly interested in the analysis of motion through photography. Their technological breakthroughs led to the cinema we know today, but their true  Read more...
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Genre/Form: History
Named Person: Louis Lumière; Auguste Lumière; Louis Lumière; Auguste Lumière; Auguste Lumière; Louis Lumière
Material Type: Document, Internet resource, Videorecording
Document Type: Book, Computer File, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Virgilio Tosi
ISBN: 9780901299758 0901299758
OCLC Number: 71797975
Description: xi, 234 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm + 1 DVD (4 3/4 in.)
Contents: Foreword / Paolo Cherchi Usai --
Introduction to English edition / Murray Weston --
Translator's note / Sergio Angelini --
pt. I. How histories give birth to the cinema --
Hunting for ancestors --
The nationalism of the invention --
The mythology of the cinematic spectacle --
The historiography of the origins --
What caused the birth of cinema? --
pt. II. The pre-history of scientific cinema --
London, c.1820 --
Brussels, c.1825 --
Vienna, c.1830 --
A 'daedaleum' full of inventors --
The heart beats to a didactic end --
Optical toys --
Photography arrives on the scene --
pt. III. Historical background to the birth of scientific cinema --
The retina of the scientist --
The first scientific cine camera --
The adventurous photographer --
Twenty-four cameras for a horse --
To study locomotion --
A century on --
Speaker by necessity --
Muybridge afterwards --
Marey and movement --
More engineer than doctor --
The photographic gun --
Chronophotography, new research instrument --
Twenty images per second --
Edison discovers Marey --
A cat always falls on its feet --
Marey and aerial navigation --
The Institut Marey --
Marey and Lumière --
Anschütz' Electrotachyscope --
At the hospital of Salpêtrière --
'Je vous aime' --
Between cinema and gymnastics --
The Industrial Revolution and the study of movement --
Scientific research and technological problems --
Scientific cinema and entertainment cinema --
Doctors with a cine camera --
X-rays in movement --
In university laboratories --
Profession: scientific cineaste --
Disciples of Marey --
From microbiology to icebreakers --
Special techniques --
Conclusions --
Coda: The results of new research.
Other Titles: Il cinema prima di Lumière.
Origins of scientific cinematography
Responsibility: Virgilio Tosi ; translated by Sergio Angelini.

Abstract:

Argues for another history of cinema, one which had its origins in the research needs of nineteenth-century scientists. Investigators such as Étienne-Jules Marey, Georges Demeney, Jules Janssen, Albert Londe, Ottomar Anschütz, and the maverick Eadweard Muybridge were keenly interested in the analysis of motion through photography. Their technological breakthroughs led to the cinema we know today, but their true inheritors were not the producers of cinema as spectacle, but a dedicated band of scientists, doctors, anthropologists and naturalists inspired by their work who established the art of scientific cinematography.--From publisher description.

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