Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo.
City of God.
London : J.M. Dent & Sons ; New York : E.P. Dutton, 1945
Augustine, Saint Bishop of Hippo.; John Healey; Juan Luis Vives; R V G Tasker
|注意：||"John Healey's translation, with a selection from Vives' Commentaries ; edited by R.V.G. Tasker ; introduction by Sir Ernest Barker"--Prelimimary page.|
|描述：||2 volumes ; 18 cm.|
|内容：||v. 1: books I-XII, v. 2: books Xii-Xxii. "John Healey's translation, with a selection from Vives' commentaries. edited by R.V.G. Tasker ... introduction by Sir Ernest Barker."|
|叢書名：||Everyman's library, 982-983.|
|其他題名：||De civitate Dei.|
Augustine presents the four essential elements of his philosophy in The City of God: the church, the state, the City of Heaven, and the City of the World. The church is divinely established and leads humankind to eternal goodness, which is God. The state adheres to the virtues of politics and of the mind, formulating a political community. Both of these societies are visible and seek to do good. Mirroring these are two invisible societies: the City of Heaven, for those predestined for salvation, and the City of the World, for those given eternal damnation. This grand design allows Augustine to elaborate his theory of justice, which he says issues from the proper and just sharing of those things necessary for life, just as God freely distributes air, water, and light. Humankind must therefore pursue the City of Heaven to maintain a proper sense of order, which in turn leads to true peace.