Conflicts related to immigration and citizenship increased in Western countries in the last two decades, especially as the result of stricter national public policies. These discussions go hand in hand with issues of labor, education, welfare, and human rights. They also encompass a political dimension of culture. The last decade saw growing anti-immigrant sentiments across Europe that dislocated public policy making toward cultural identity in the region. In the Netherlands, an emphasis on promoting a common Dutch identity reached anti-multiculturalist dimensions with a focus on integrating immigrants into national culture. This study seeks out the institutional position that museums, as contemporary art organizations, have taken on these issues. The Be[com]ing Dutch project, organized by the Van Abbemuseum in Eindhoven, was a two-year experimental research project that responded to Dutch assimilation policies by questioning established notions of identity, diversity, and nationality. It proposed a civic framework of discussions, lectures, talks, and artistic projects in partnership with local, national, and international artists, intellectuals, and institutions.