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Civil war, crop failure, and child stunting in Rwanda

Author: Richard Akresh; Philip Verwimp; Tom Bundervoet; World Bank. Development Research Group. Growth and Macroeconomics Team.
Publisher: [Washington, D.C.] : World Bank, Development Research Group, Growth and Macroeconomics Team, [2007]
Series: Post-conflict transitions working paper, no. 12.; Policy research working papers, 4208.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : International government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Economic shocks at birth have lasting effects on children's health several years after the shock. The authors calculate height for age z-scores for children under age five using data from a Rwandan nationally representative household survey conducted in 1992. They exploit district and time variation in crop failure and civil conflict to measure the impact of exogenous shocks that children experience at birth on  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Akresh, Richard.
Civil war, crop failure, and child stunting in Rwanda.
[Washington, D.C.] : World Bank, Development Research Group, Growth and Macroeconomics Team, [2007]
(OCoLC)137506900
Material Type: Document, Government publication, International government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Richard Akresh; Philip Verwimp; Tom Bundervoet; World Bank. Development Research Group. Growth and Macroeconomics Team.
OCLC Number: 646992974
Reproduction Notes: Electronic reproduction. [S.l.] : HathiTrust Digital Library, 2010. MiAaHDL
Description: 1 online resource (33 pages) : illustrations, map.
Details: Master and use copy. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. Digital Library Federation, December 2002.
Series Title: Post-conflict transitions working paper, no. 12.; Policy research working papers, 4208.
Responsibility: Richard Akresh, Philip Verwimp, Tom Bundervoet.

Abstract:

Economic shocks at birth have lasting effects on children's health several years after the shock. The authors calculate height for age z-scores for children under age five using data from a Rwandan nationally representative household survey conducted in 1992. They exploit district and time variation in crop failure and civil conflict to measure the impact of exogenous shocks that children experience at birth on their height several years later. They find that boys and girls born after the shock in regions experiencing civil conflict are both negatively affected with height for age z-scores 0.30 and 0.72 standard deviations lower, respectively. Conversely, only girls are negatively affected by crop failure, with these girls exhibiting 0.41 standard deviation lower height for age z-scores and the impact is worse for girls in poor households. Results are robust to using sibling difference estimators, household level production, and rainfall shocks as alternative measures of crop failure.

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