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|Additional Physical Format:||Print version:
Climate Change: Financing Global Forests.
Hoboken : Taylor and Francis, ©2012
|Material Type:||Document, Internet resource|
|Document Type:||Internet Resource, Computer File|
|All Authors / Contributors:||
|Description:||1 online resource (278 pages)|
|Contents:||Front Cover; Climate Change: Financing Global Forests; Copyright Page; Table of contents; Preface; Background papers; Acknowledgements; Executive summary; 1. Introduction; 1.1 The impacts of climate change; 1.2 Climate change mitigation; 1.3 Forests and climate change; 1.4 Forest communities and ecosystem services; 1.5 The scope of this Review; Part I: The challenge of deforestation; 2. Forests, climate change and the global economy; 2.1 Forests and the carbon cycle; 2.2 Impacts of human activities on the forest carbon cycle; 2.3 Impacts of forests on climate change. 2.4 Modelling future impacts2.5 Conclusion; 3. The drivers of deforestation; 3.1 Why are trees being cut down?; 3.2 Population growth and wealth creation; 3.3 Growing demand for agricultural products and timber; 3.4 Current economic incentives for landowners to deforest; 3.5 Policy incentives; 3.6 Land tenure; 3.7 Capacity; 3.8 Forest transitions over time; 3.9 Conclusion; 4. Sustainable production and poverty reduction; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Land availability; 4.3 A vision of sustainable production; 4.4 Sustainable production and conservation; 4.5 Infrastructure and alternative employment. 4.6 Forest conservation4.7 Key levers for shifting to more sustainable production; 4.8 Conclusion; 5. The costs of mitigation; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Up-front and ongoing mitigation costs; 5.3 Ongoing forest emissions reduction costs; 5.4 Estimating the opportunity costs of avoided deforestation; 5.5 Estimating the costs of purchasing forest emissions abatement; 5.6 The benefits of taking action to reduce forest emissions; 5.7 Conclusion; Part II: Forests and the international climate change framework: the long-term goal; 6. A long-term framework for tackling climate change. 6.1 Overall framework for tackling climate change6.2 Criteria for a successful climate change framework; 6.3 Comparison of options for achieving global climate stabilisation; 6.4 Rationale for including forests within a global cap and trade system; 6.5 Four key elements of a long-term framework; 6.6 Conclusion; 7. The current international climate change framework; 7.1 Current international action; 7.2 The United Nations Rio Conventions; 7.3 The importance of the Kyoto Protocol; 7.4 Limitations of the first Kyoto commitment period; 7.5 Bali Action Plan; 7.6 Conclusion. Part III: The building blocks of forest financing: the medium-term approach8. Transition to a long-term framework; 8.1 Introduction; 8.2 Types of transition path; 8.3 A three-stage transition process: short, medium and long term; 8.4 Conclusion; 9. Effective targets for reducing forest emissions; 9.1 Introduction; 9.2 Baseline level; 9.3 Determining the baseline; 9.4 Baseline trajectories; 9.5 Conclusion; 10. Measuring and monitoring emissions from forests; 10.1 The importance of robust measuring and monitoring; 10.2 Measuring carbon stocks in forests. 10.3 Monitoring and verifying emissions and sequestration.|