跳到内容
Climbing atop the shoulders of giants : the impact of institutions on cumulative research 预览资料
关闭预览资料
正在查...

Climbing atop the shoulders of giants : the impact of institutions on cumulative research

著者: Jeffrey L Furman; Scott Stern; National Bureau of Economic Research.
出版商: Cambridge, Mass. : National Bureau of Economic Research, 2006.
丛书: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 12523.
版本/格式:   电子图书 : 文献 : 英语查看所有的版本和格式
数据库:WorldCat
提要:
While the cumulative nature of knowledge is recognized as central to economic growth, the microeconomic foundations of cumulativeness are less understood. This paper investigates the impact of a research-enhancing institution on cumulativeness, highlighting two effects. First, a selection effect may result in a high correlation between "high-quality" institutions and knowledge of high intrinsic quality. Second, an  再读一些...
评估:

(尚未评估) 0 附有评论 - 争取成为第一个。

主题
更多类似这样的

 

在图书馆查找

&AllPage.SpinnerRetrieving; 正在查找有这资料的图书馆...

详细书目

材料类型: 文献, 互联网资源
文件类型: 互联网资源, 计算机文档
所有的著者/提供者: Jeffrey L Furman; Scott Stern; National Bureau of Economic Research.
OCLC号码: 71756702
描述: 1 online resource (1 volume).
丛书名: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 12523.
责任: Jeffrey L. Furman, Scott Stern.

摘要:

While the cumulative nature of knowledge is recognized as central to economic growth, the microeconomic foundations of cumulativeness are less understood. This paper investigates the impact of a research-enhancing institution on cumulativeness, highlighting two effects. First, a selection effect may result in a high correlation between "high-quality" institutions and knowledge of high intrinsic quality. Second, an institution may have a marginal impact -- an incremental influence on cumulativeness, conditional on the type and quality of knowledge considered. This paper distinguishes these effects in the context of a specific institution, biological resource centers (BRCs). BRCs are "living libraries" that authenticate, preserve, and offer independent access to biological materials, such as cells, cultures, and specimens. BRCs may enhance the cumulativeness of knowledge by reducing the marginal cost to researchers of drawing on prior research efforts. We exploit three key aspects of the environment in which BRCs operate to evaluate how they affect the cumulativeness of knowledge: (a) the impact of scientific knowledge is reflected in future scientific citations, (b) deposit into BRCs often occurs with a substantial lag after initial research is completed and published, and (c) "lagged" deposits often result from shocks unrelated to the characteristics of the materials themselves. Employing a difference-in-differences estimator linking specific materials deposits to journal articles, we find evidence for both selection effects and the marginal impact of BRCs on the cumulativeness of knowledge associated with deposited materials. Moreover, the marginal impact increases with time and varies with the economic and institutional conditions in which deposit occurs.

评论

用户提供的评论
正在获取GoodReads评论...
正在检索DOGObooks的评论

标签

争取是第一个!
确认申请

你可能已经申请过这份资料。如果还是想申请,请选确认。

链接数据


Primary Entity

<http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/71756702> # Climbing atop the shoulders of giants the impact of institutions on cumulative research
    a schema:MediaObject, schema:CreativeWork, schema:Book ;
    library:oclcnum "71756702" ;
    library:placeOfPublication <http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/countries/mau> ;
    library:placeOfPublication <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/197859623#Place/cambridge_mass> ; # Cambridge, Mass.
    schema:about <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/197859623#Topic/research_institutes_economic_aspects> ; # Research institutes--Economic aspects
    schema:about <http://dewey.info/class/330/> ;
    schema:about <http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1095307> ; # Research institutes--Economic aspects
    schema:about <http://id.worldcat.org/fast/988184> ; # Knowledge management
    schema:bookFormat schema:EBook ;
    schema:contributor <http://viaf.org/viaf/18335502> ; # Scott Stern
    schema:contributor <http://viaf.org/viaf/127108210> ; # National Bureau of Economic Research.
    schema:creator <http://viaf.org/viaf/28182016> ; # Jeffrey L. Furman
    schema:datePublished "2006" ;
    schema:description "While the cumulative nature of knowledge is recognized as central to economic growth, the microeconomic foundations of cumulativeness are less understood. This paper investigates the impact of a research-enhancing institution on cumulativeness, highlighting two effects. First, a selection effect may result in a high correlation between "high-quality" institutions and knowledge of high intrinsic quality. Second, an institution may have a marginal impact -- an incremental influence on cumulativeness, conditional on the type and quality of knowledge considered. This paper distinguishes these effects in the context of a specific institution, biological resource centers (BRCs). BRCs are "living libraries" that authenticate, preserve, and offer independent access to biological materials, such as cells, cultures, and specimens. BRCs may enhance the cumulativeness of knowledge by reducing the marginal cost to researchers of drawing on prior research efforts. We exploit three key aspects of the environment in which BRCs operate to evaluate how they affect the cumulativeness of knowledge: (a) the impact of scientific knowledge is reflected in future scientific citations, (b) deposit into BRCs often occurs with a substantial lag after initial research is completed and published, and (c) "lagged" deposits often result from shocks unrelated to the characteristics of the materials themselves. Employing a difference-in-differences estimator linking specific materials deposits to journal articles, we find evidence for both selection effects and the marginal impact of BRCs on the cumulativeness of knowledge associated with deposited materials. Moreover, the marginal impact increases with time and varies with the economic and institutional conditions in which deposit occurs."@en ;
    schema:exampleOfWork <http://worldcat.org/entity/work/id/197859623> ;
    schema:inLanguage "en" ;
    schema:isPartOf <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/197859623#Series/working_paper_series_national_bureau_of_economic_research> ; # Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research) ;
    schema:isPartOf <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/197859623#Series/nber_working_paper_series> ; # NBER working paper series ;
    schema:name "Climbing atop the shoulders of giants the impact of institutions on cumulative research"@en ;
    schema:productID "71756702" ;
    schema:publication <http://www.worldcat.org/title/-/oclc/71756702#PublicationEvent/cambridge_mass_national_bureau_of_economic_research_2006> ;
    schema:publisher <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/197859623#Agent/national_bureau_of_economic_research> ; # National Bureau of Economic Research
    schema:url <http://0-papers.nber.org.biblio.eui.eu/papers/> ;
    schema:url <http://papers.nber.org/papers/w12523> ;
    wdrs:describedby <http://www.worldcat.org/title/-/oclc/71756702> ;
    .


Related Entities

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/197859623#Agent/national_bureau_of_economic_research> # National Bureau of Economic Research
    a bgn:Agent ;
    schema:name "National Bureau of Economic Research" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/197859623#Place/cambridge_mass> # Cambridge, Mass.
    a schema:Place ;
    schema:name "Cambridge, Mass." ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/197859623#Series/nber_working_paper_series> # NBER working paper series ;
    a bgn:PublicationSeries ;
    schema:hasPart <http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/71756702> ; # Climbing atop the shoulders of giants the impact of institutions on cumulative research
    schema:name "NBER working paper series ;" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/197859623#Series/working_paper_series_national_bureau_of_economic_research> # Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research) ;
    a bgn:PublicationSeries ;
    schema:hasPart <http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/71756702> ; # Climbing atop the shoulders of giants the impact of institutions on cumulative research
    schema:name "Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research) ;" ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1095307> # Research institutes--Economic aspects
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Research institutes--Economic aspects"@en ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/988184> # Knowledge management
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Knowledge management"@en ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/127108210> # National Bureau of Economic Research.
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "National Bureau of Economic Research." ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/18335502> # Scott Stern
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1969" ;
    schema:familyName "Stern" ;
    schema:givenName "Scott" ;
    schema:name "Scott Stern" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/28182016> # Jeffrey L. Furman
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:familyName "Furman" ;
    schema:givenName "Jeffrey L." ;
    schema:name "Jeffrey L. Furman" ;
    .

<http://www.worldcat.org/title/-/oclc/71756702>
    a genont:InformationResource, genont:ContentTypeGenericResource ;
    schema:about <http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/71756702> ; # Climbing atop the shoulders of giants the impact of institutions on cumulative research
    schema:dateModified "2015-03-25" ;
    void:inDataset <http://purl.oclc.org/dataset/WorldCat> ;
    .


Content-negotiable representations

关闭窗口

请登入WorldCat 

没有张号吗?很容易就可以 建立免费的账号.