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Coal-mining women in Japan : heavy burdens

Author: W Donald Burton
Publisher: London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2014.
Series: Asia's transformations.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"In the years Between the Meiji Restoration in 1868 and the beginning of the war mobilization boom in 1930, collieries in Europe and America embraced new technologies and had long since been excluded women from working underground. In Japan, however, mining women witnessed no significant changes in working practices over this period. The availability of the cheap and abundant labor of these women allowed the
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: W Donald Burton
ISBN: 9780415744324 0415744326 9781315813066 1315813068
OCLC Number: 868199823
Description: xix, 255 pages ; 24 cm.
Contents: Machine generated contents note: Plus ca change, plus c'est la meme chose --
Burakumin: the inconspicuous "r;others"r; --
Miners all --
Voices --
1. Background --
Number of women in mining --
Age and marital status --
Origins of coal miners --
Gender disparity --
Racial and social discrimination --
2. Work and wages --
Hewing and hauling --
Little light on the subject --
Obtaining and pushing out wagons --
The competition for wagons --
Piecework wages and deductions --
Framing and tunneling --
Blasting --
Sorting and transporting --
3. Working conditions --
Darkness, wetness, heat, and grime --
Disease --
Fire and explosions --
Cave-ins and other nasty accidents --
Dynamite! --
Nonpunitive damages --
In harm's way --
What kind of treatment? --
Relief programs --
A dangerous occupation! --
Epitaph --
4. Their life trajectory --
Oya no kao O miwasureru na yo (Don't forget your mother's face!) --
A single mother prototype? --
Schooling (or not) --
Child labor. Contents note continued: Attitudes toward child labor --
Courting and marriage --
Choice of partners --
The loose bonds of marriage --
How wives dealt with the "r;big change"r; --
The marital struggle --
A revelation --
Getten --
Reproduction and conflict --
Debt: another source of marital friction --
5. The daily routine --
Early in the morning --
The little hovel --
Some improvements? --
Water! --
Preparation for yet another day --
Going down --
Inadequate clothing --
Straw sandals --
Hygiene and sanitation --
Adornment --
Eating underground --
Long shifts --
Late in the evening --
The evening bath --
A woman's work is never done --
Not even a song at twilight --
6. Solidarity, divisions, bondage, and resistance --
A shared fate --
Mutual aid --
The Indomitables --
Rivalry and conflict --
Feisty termagants or subdued proletarians? --
Recruitment by subterfuge --
They owed their souls to the company and the boss --
And to the company store. Contents note continued: Subservience to the gang boss --
Ketsuwari---indirect resistance --
Repercussions --
Brutality as a management strategy --
The power of the boss --
"r;Behavior modification"r; --
"r;Subtle"r; and not-so-subtle forms of resistance --
Regulatory and discriminatory regimes --
The suppression of Korean miners --
Divisions and solidarity --
The Rice Riots and attempts at organized resistance --
Epilogue---the potential for change --
7.Common seams, common attitudes --
Lacking a "r;nobler"r; cause --
Spiritual strength, self-confidence, and survival --
Self-esteem and indignities --
Reactions to bondage --
The limits of endurance --
Gender differences and inequities --
Changing rewards --
"r;Work-Sharing"r; and the division of labor --
The women's capabilities --
Standing up to the men --
Superstition and credulity --
Accepting their lot --
Fear --
No place to call "r;Home"r; --
Sexual abuse. Contents note continued: Their unnatural environment --
Perpetual night work --
The "r;benevolence"r; of the bosses --
The incredible brightness of being.
Series Title: Asia's transformations.
Responsibility: W. Donald Burton.

Abstract:

"In the years Between the Meiji Restoration in 1868 and the beginning of the war mobilization boom in 1930, collieries in Europe and America embraced new technologies and had long since been excluded women from working underground. In Japan, however, mining women witnessed no significant changes in working practices over this period. The availability of the cheap and abundant labor of these women allowed the captains of the coal industry in Japan to avoid expensive investments in new machinery and sophisticated mining methods; instead, they continued to intensely exploit workers and markets intensively, making substantial profits without the burdens of extensive mechanization. This unique book explores the lives of the thousands of women who labored underground in Japan's coal mines in the years 1868 to 1930. It examines their working lives, their family lives, their aspirations, achievements and disappointments. Drawing heavily on interview material with the miners themselves, W. Donald Burton combines translations of their stories with features of Japanese society at the time and coal mining technology. In doing so, he presents a complex account of the women's lives, as well as providing a keen insight intoon gender relations and the industrial and labor history of Japan. Coal Mining Women in Japan will be welcomed by students and scholars of Japanese history, gender studies and industrial history"--

"Between the Meiji Restoration in 1868 and the beginning of the war mobilization boom in 1930, collieries Europe and America embraced new technologies and had long since been excluded from working underground. In Japan however, mining women witnessed no significant in working practices over this period. The availability of the cheap and abundant labor of these women allowed the captains of the coal industry in Japan to avoid expensive investments in new machinery and sophisticated mining methods, instead, they continued to intensely exploit workers and markets, making substantial profits without the burdens of extensive mechanization. This unique book explores the lives of the thousands of women who labored in Japan's coal mines in the years 1868 to 1930. It examines their working lives, their family lives, their aspirations, achievements and disappointments. Drawing heavily on interview material with the miners themselves, W. Donald Burton combines translations of their stories with features of Japanese society at the time and coal mining technology. In doing so, he presents a complex account of the women's lives, as well providing a keen insight on gender relations and the industrial and labor history of Japan. Coal Mining Women in Japan will be welcomed by students and scholars of Japanese history, gender studies and industrial history"--

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