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|Named Person:||Phineas Bond; John Cadwalader; Thomas Cadwalader; John Cadwalader; George Cadwalader; Charles Evert Cadwalader; John Cadwalader; James Buchanan; George Croghan; Cadwalader Evans; Alexander Hamilton; William Johnson; John Kearsley; James McHenry; John Moore; William Moore; Thomas Penn; William Penn; Penn family.; Joseph Rose; Patient Usher; George Washington; Thomas Wharton|
|Document Type:||Archival Material|
|All Authors / Contributors:||
|Description:||300 linear ft.|
The correspondence of General Thomas Cadwalader is broad in scope and embraces letters of many prominent persons. It is rich in family letters and contains material on the Port Folio, the Assembly, clubs, etc. Included are letter books, 1812-1840. His military papers relate mainly to the War of 1812, covering the services of Philadelphia troops, August to December, 1814. In 1817 he took over the management of the Penn family affairs in America. Material collected by earlier agents was placed in his hands. This included many of William Penn's own files on the lower counties, as well as manuscripts collected later to substantiate Penn's claims. Many of the Penn family's original deeds relating to their interests in Pennsylvania are included here, as well as agreements for the Mason-Dixon surveys. The coverage of the Penn agency is very broad. Included in it is voluminous correspondence of the Penns starting with Thomas Penn. Many drafts, surveys, and maps are in the collection.
Another large category of General Thomas Cadwalader's papers reflects his career as a lawyer. Richest of all the material preserved here are the George Croghan papers, 1744-1782. These papers deal with Croghan's life as Indian trader, Indian agent, and land speculator. They include a number of his journals, and letters from Sir William Johnson, the Franklins, Gates, Gage, Monckton, Trent, the Whartons, Lord Dunmore and many soldiers and traders of the frontier. Many other cases dealing with the affairs of prominent persons and concerns of General Cadwalader's times are included, notably those concerning the American Iron Company and the West Jersey Society.
Judge John Cadwalader's papers relate principally to the law cases he handled prior to his elevation to the bench. In addition, there is material of interest relating to President Buchanan. Present also are Judge Cadwalder's letter books, 1830-1859.
Phineas Bond, the British Consul, is represented by papers, much of biographical interest, revolutionary material primarily relating to the affairs of Judge William Moore of Moore Hall, as well as many law cases. Bond represented English concerns having interests in this country. Many of these cases he passed on to his nephew, General Thomas Cadwalader.
General George Cadwalader's papers furnish information on military subjects, 1834-1865, are rich in militia affairs, include information on the "Awful Riots of 1844," day-by-day coverage of the Mexican War, and much excellent Civil War material. His interests as a sportsman in yachting and duck shooting are well represented, as are his extensive farming and cattle-raising activities in Maryland. Business interests include papers relating to the Baltimore and Philadelphia Steamboat Company, 1840-1878; estate papers, many inherited from his father, General Thomas Cadwalader; and railroad and mining interests.
Dr. Charles E. Cadwalader's papers consist principally of extensive historical and genealogical notes on the Cadwalader and allied families, as well as photographs of family portraits, relatives, and family houses.
Among certain miscellaneous items not included in the above items are account books of John Moore, 1710-1717; John Kearsley, 1711-1720; John Cadwalader, 1711-1724; Patient Usher, 1737-1741; Dr. Phineas Bond, 1758-1759, 1762-1769; and Dr. Thomas Cadwalader, 1767-1768.
- Bond, Phineas, -- 1749-1816.
- Cadwalader, John, -- 1742-1786.
- Cadwalader, Thomas, -- 1779-1841.
- Cadwalader, John, -- 1805-1879.
- Cadwalader, George, -- 1806-1879.
- Cadwalader, Charles Evert, -- 1839-1907.
- Cadwalader, John, -- 1843-1925.
- Buchanan, James, -- 1791-1868.
- Croghan, George, -- 1720?-1782.
- Evans, Cadwalader.
- Hamilton, Alexander, -- 1757-1804.
- Johnson, William, -- 1715-1774.
- Kearsley, John, -- 1684-1772.
- McHenry, James, -- 1753-1816.
- Moore, John, -- 1659-1732.
- Moore, William, -- 1699-1783.
- Penn, Thomas, -- 1702-1775.
- Penn, William, -- 1644-1718.
- Penn family.
- Rose, Joseph, -- 1704-1766.
- Usher, Patient, -- -approximately 1749.
- Washington, George, -- 1732-1799.
- Wharton, Thomas.
- Mason-Dixon Line.
- American Iron Company.
- West New Jersey Society.
- Baltimore and Philadelphia Steamship Company.
- United States. -- Army -- History -- War of 1812.
- Pennsylvania -- History -- Colonial period, ca. 1600-1775.
- Pennsylvania -- History -- Revolution, 1775-1783.
- United States -- History -- War with Mexico, 1845-1848 -- Personal narratives.
- Philadelphia (Pa.) -- Riots.
- Riots of 1844.
- United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865.
- Yachts and yachting.
- Duck shooting.