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Comparing Nuclear Accident Risks with Those from Other Energy Sources

Author: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
Publisher: Paris : OECD Publishing, 2010.
Series: Nuclear development
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : International government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Nuclear accident risks are raised frequently in discussions of the acceptability of nuclear power generation, often framed in the context of the Three Mile Island and Chernobyl accidents. In reality, the safety record of nuclear power plants, by comparison with other electricity generation sources, is very good. This report describes how safety has been enhanced in nuclear power plants over the years, as the designs  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Print version:
OECD Nuclear Energy Agency.
Comparing nuclear accident risks with those from other energy sources.
Paris : OECD, 2010
Material Type: Document, Government publication, International government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
ISBN: 9789264097995 9264097996 9789264991224 9264991220
OCLC Number: 889851398
Notes: Available in PDF.
Description: 1 online resource (52 pages).
Contents: Foreword --
Key Issues for Policy Makers --
Executive Summary --
1. Introduction --
2. Nuclear Power Plant Safety Philosophy --
-IAEA Fundmental Nucleaer Safety Principles --
Defence in depth --
3. Trends in Performance Indicators --
-Unplanned automatic trip rate --
Worker exposure --
4. Trends in Predicted Accident Risk --
-Probabilistic safety assessment --
Core damage and large release frequency reductions --
5. Comparative analysis of Sever Accident Risks in the Energy Sector --
-Comparative analysis of major energy chains --
Frequency-consequence curves --
Summary of severe accident risks in the energy sector --
6. Public Confidence in Nuclear Operations --
7. Conclusions.
Series Title: Nuclear development
Other Titles: OECD iLibrary.
Responsibility: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

Abstract:

Nuclear accident risks are raised frequently in discussions of the acceptability of nuclear power generation, often framed in the context of the Three Mile Island and Chernobyl accidents. In reality, the safety record of nuclear power plants, by comparison with other electricity generation sources, is very good. This report describes how safety has been enhanced in nuclear power plants over the years, as the designs have progressed from Generation I to Generation III, and why it is important that safety remain the highest priority. This is illustrated by considering core damage frequencies and large radioactive release frequencies for each generation of nuclear power plants. It also compares severe accident data (those resulting in five or more fatalities) between different energy sources, both for immediate fatalities and for delayed (latent) fatalities, recognising that the latter data are often more difficult to estimate. Finally, it uses results of opinion surveys to analyse public confidence in nuclear operations and how this is correlated with trust in legislation and regulatory systems. It has been written for a general audience.

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