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Conditioned reflexes

Auteur : Ivan Petrovich Pavlov; G V Anrep
Éditeur : Mineola, N.Y. : Dover Publications, 2003.
Édition/format :   Livre : AnglaisVoir toutes les éditions et les formats
Base de données :WorldCat
Résumé :
In a series of lectures delivered in 1924, Dr. I.P. Pavlov reviewed his entire course of experiments, summarized his conclusions, and outlined his landmark psychological system. Until that time, Pavlov's investigations were known only through individual monographs, most of which had appeared in hard-to-find periodicals published in eastern Europe. This book- an expanded version of the lectures- is a full, authorized  Lire la suite...
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Détails

Format : Livre
Tous les auteurs / collaborateurs : Ivan Petrovich Pavlov; G V Anrep
ISBN : 0486430936 9780486430935
Numéro OCLC : 51944529
Notes : Reprint. An unabridged and unaltered republication of the translation first published in 1927 ; translated and edited by G.V. Anrep.
Description : xv, 430 p. : ill. ; 21 cm.
Contenu : I.. The development of the objective method in investigating the physiological activities of the cerebral hemispheres. --
Concept of Reflex. --
Variety of Reflexes. --
Signal-reflexes, the most fundamental physiological characteristic of the hemispheres --
II.. Technical methods employed in the objective investigation of the functions of the cerebral hemispheres. --
Response to signals as reflex action. --
Unconditioned and conditioned reflexes. --
Necessary conditions for the development of conditioned reflexes --
III.. The formation of conditioned reflexes by means of conditioned and direct stimuli. --
Agencies which can be used as conditioned stimuli. --
Inhibition of conditioned reflexes: external inhibition --
IV.. Internal inhibition of conditioned reflexes: (a) Extinction --
V.. Internal inhibition (continued): (b) Conditioned inhibition --
VI.. Internal inhibition (continued): (c) Delay --
VII.. The analysing and synthesizing activity of the cerebral hemispheres: (a) The initial generalization of conditioned stimuli. (b) Differential inhibition --
VIII.. The analysing and synthesizing activity of the cerebral hemispheres (continued): (c) Examples of the analysis of stimuli. (d) Synthesis and analysis of compound simultaneous stimuli. (e) Synthesis and analysis of compound successive stimuli --
IX.. The irradiation and concentration of nervous processes in the cerebral cortex: (a) The irradiation and concentration of inhibition within a single analyser --
X.. Irradiation and concentration of nervous processes in the cerebral hemispheres (continued): (b) Irradiation and concentration of inhibition over the entire cortex; (c) Irradiation and concentration of excitation --
XI.. Mutual induction of excitation and inhibition: (a) Positive induction. (b) Negative induction --
XII.. Interaction of irradiation and concentration with induction --
XIII.. The cortex as a mosaic of functions: (a) Examples of the mosaic character of the cortex and the more obvious ways in which this character is acquired; (b) Variability of the physiological properties of different points of the cortex in some instances, stability in others. --
The cortex as a united complex dynamic system --
XIV.. The development of inhibition in the cortex under the influence of conditioned stimuli --
XV.. Internal inhibition and sleep as one and the same process with regard to their intimate mechanism --
XVI.. Transition stages between the alert state and complete sleep: hypnotic stages --
XVII.. The different types of nervous system. --
Pathological disturbances of the cortex, result of functional interference --
XVIII.. Pathological disturbances of the cortex, result of functional interference (continued) --
XIX.. Pathological disturbances of the cortex, result of surgical interference: (a) General disturbances of the cortical activity; (b) Disturbances of the acoustic analyser --
XX.. Pathological disturbances of the cortex, result of surgical interference (continued): (c) In the visual analyser; (d) In the tactile cutaneous analyser; (e) Occurring after extirpation of the frontal lobes; (f) In the thermal cutaneous analyser; (g) Arising after extirpation of the gyrus pyriformis; (h) In the motor analyser --
XXI.. Pathological disturbances of the cortex, result of surgical interference (continued): Attempt to correlate the general postoperative behaviour of the animals with the disturbances in the activity of individual analysers --
XXII.. The general characteristics of the present investigation and its special difficulties. --
Discovery of certain errors necessitating the modification of some earlier interpretations --
XXIII.. The experimental results obtained with animals in their application to man.
Responsabilité : I.P. Pavlov.
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Résumé :

In a series of lectures delivered in 1924, Dr. I.P. Pavlov reviewed his entire course of experiments, summarized his conclusions, and outlined his landmark psychological system. Until that time, Pavlov's investigations were known only through individual monographs, most of which had appeared in hard-to-find periodicals published in eastern Europe. This book- an expanded version of the lectures- is a full, authorized translation of the Novel Prize-winning scientist's work in experimental psychology.

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