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|Additional Physical Format:||Print version:
Pearson, Gordon T.
Conservation of Clay and Chalk Buildings.
Florence : Taylor and Francis, ©1992
|Material Type:||Document, Internet resource|
|Document Type:||Internet Resource, Computer File|
|All Authors / Contributors:||
Gordon T Pearson
|Description:||1 online resource (224 pages)|
|Contents:||Cover; Half Title; Dedication; Title Page; Copyright Page; Table of Contents; Preface; Acknowledgements; Introduction; Glossary; Chapter One Introduction to earth walling: the materials; Local terms; The classification of soils; Clay-based earth walls; Chalk walls; Wychert; Water for mixing; Additives; Fibre; Stabilizers; Chapter Two Methods of construction; The traditional method; Preliminary work; Mixing; Building the wall; Forming openings; Provision for fixings; Finishing and protection; Allied construction work; Local variations; Rammed earth; Shuttering; Filling and ramming. Forming openingsStabilized earth; Local variations; Advantages of rammed earth; Twentieth century experiments; Conclusion; Adobe; Faced buildings; Local variations; Advantages of adobe; Puddled earth; Twentieth century experiments; Timber diaphragm walling; Mud and stud buildings; 'Stake and rice' and its variations; Regional distribution of earth buildings; Access to buildings open to the public; Chapter Three The qualities of earth walling; Introduction; Moisture content; The traditional method; Rammed and puddled earth; Drying out; Plasticity; The Atterburg limits; Clay and chalk compared. Porosity and permeabilityDefinitions; Factors affecting the permeability of clay soils; Upper Chalk; Condensation; Thermal insulation; The preference for earth; Thermal conductivity and resistivity; Other factors affecting insulation; Thermal admittance; Strength; Factors affecting strength; Weights and compressive strengths; Tensile strength; Durability; Factors affecting durability; Chapter Four Repair, alterations and extensions: general principles; Introduction; The philosophy of repair; Alterations, conversions and extensions. Alterations to existing buildings to form extra habitable roomsChange of use of agricultural buildings; Extensions to existing earth buildings; Analysing soils and wall samples; Chapter Five Repairs, alterations and extensions: methods; The underpin course; Repairs to the wall; Introduction; Low level erosion; High level erosion; Cracks; Rat runs; Holes; Adobe buildings; Mud and stud buildings; Case study-Sotby; Case study-Billinghay; Case study --
Bratoft; Door and window openings; Fixing to earth walls; Installation of upper floors; Installation of heating systems. Installation of damp proof courses and membranesBoundary wall coping details; Stabilizing walls; Consolidation; Fire damage; Demolition; Chapter Six Wall protection; Existing methods of protection; Patch repairs to render; Relieving stresses caused by unsuitable renders; External lime-based renders; Maintaining the vernacular; Introduction; Chalk slurries; Clay renders; Tar; Cement-based renders; Traditional internal plasters; Chapter Seven Wall decoration; Introduction; Traditional coatings; Limewashes and additives; Distempers and water paints; Cement-based paints; Pigments; Modern coatings.