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The Constitution of the United States of America : analysis and interpretation : analysis of cases decided by the Supreme Court of the United States to June 28, 2002 Titelvorschau
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The Constitution of the United States of America : analysis and interpretation : analysis of cases decided by the Supreme Court of the United States to June 28, 2002

Verfasser/in: Johnny H KillianGeorge CostelloKenneth R ThomasUnited States.United States. Supreme Court.Alle Autoren
Verlag: Washington, District of Columbia : U.S. G.P.O. : For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O., 2004. ©2004
Serien: Senate document (United States. Congress. Senate), 108-17.
Ausgabe/Format   Buch : Nationale Regierungsveröffentlichung : EnglischAlle Ausgaben und Formate anzeigen
Datenbank:WorldCat
Zusammenfassung:
Popularly known as the Constitution Annotated or "CONAN", encompasses the U.S. Constitution and analysis and interpretation of the U.S. Constitution with in-text annotations of cases decided by the Supreme Court of the United States. The analysis is provided by the Congressional Research Service (CRS) in the Library of Congress.
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Physisches Format United States.
Constitution of the United States of America
(OCoLC)67534923
Medientyp: Amtliche Veröffentlichung, Nationale Regierungsveröffentlichung, Internetquelle
Dokumenttyp: Buch, Internet-Ressource
Alle Autoren: Johnny H Killian; George Costello; Kenneth R Thomas; United States.; United States. Supreme Court.; Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service.
ISBN: 0160723795 9780160723797
OCLC-Nummer: 60822213
Beschreibung: xxii, 2608 pages ; 29 cm.
Inhalt: Public Law 91-589 --
Introduction to the 2002 edition --
Historical note on formation of the Constitution --
Constitution Of The United States of America: Literal Print --
Amendments Of The Constitution Of The United States Of America --
Proposed Amendments Not Ratified By The States --
Constitution Of The United States of America: With Analysis --
Preamble: --
Purpose and effect of the Preamble --
Article 1: Legislative Department: --
Section 1: Legislative Powers: --
Separation of Powers and Checks and Balances --
Theory Elaborated and implemented --
Judicial Enforcement --
Bicameralism --
Enumerated, Implied, Resulting, and Inherent Powers --
Delegation of Legislative Power: --
History of the Doctrine of Nondelegability --
Nature and Scope of Permissible Delegations --
Delegations to the President in Areas of Shared Authority --
Delegations to States and to Private Entities --
Particular Subjects or Concerns: Closer Scrutiny or Uniform Standard? --
Congressional Investigations --
Source of the Power to Investigate --
Investigations of Conduct of Executive Department --
Investigations of Members of Congress --
Investigations in Aid of Legislation --
Sanctions of the Investigatory Power: Contempt --
Section 2: House Of Representatives: --
Clause 1: Congressional Districting --
Elector Qualifications --
Clause 2: Qualifications of Members of Congress --
When the Qualifications must be Possessed --
Exclusivity of Constitutional Qualifications --
Congressional Additions --
State Additions --
Clause 3: Apportionment of Seats in the House --
Census Requirement --
Clause 4: Vacancies --
Clause 5: Officers and Power of Impeachment --
Section 3: Senate: --
Clauses 1: Composition and Selection --
Clause 2: Classes of Senators --
Clause 3: Qualifications --
Clause 4: Vice President --
Clause 5: Officers --
Clauses 6: Trial of Impeachment --
Clause 7: Judgments on Impeachment --
Sections 4: Elections: --
Clause 1: Congressional Power to Regulate --
Legislation protecting Electoral Process --
Clause 2: Time of Assembling --
Section 5: Powers And Duties Of The Houses: --
Clauses 1: Power to Judge Elections --
Clause 2: Rules of Proceedings --
Clause 3: Duty to Keep a Journal --
Clause 4: Adjournments --
Power to Judge Elections --
Quorum to Do Business --
Rules of Proceedings --
Powers of the Houses Over Members --
Duty to Keep a Journal --
Section 6: Rights And Disabilities Of Members: --
Clause 1: Compensation and Immunities of Members --
Congressional Pay --
Privilege From Arrest --
Privilege of Speech or Debate --
Clause 2: Disabilities --
Appointment to Executive Office --
Incompatible Offices --
Section 7: Bills and Resolutions --
Clause 1: Revenue Bills --Clause 2: Approval by the President --
Clause 3: Presentation of Resolutions --
Legislative Process --
Revenue Bills --
Approval by the President --
Veto Power --
Presentation of Resolutions --
Section 8: Powers Of Congress: --
Clause 1: Power to Tax And Spend --
Kinds of Taxes Permitted --
Purposes of Taxation --
Spending For the General Welfare --
Social Security Act Cases --
Conditional Grants-in-Aid --
Earmarked Funds --
Debts of the United States --
Clause 2: Borrowing Power --
Clause 3: Commerce Power --
Power to Regulate commerce --
Interstate Versus Foreign Commerce --
Instruments of Commerce --
Congressional Regulation of Waterways --
Congressional Regulation of Land Transportation --
Congressional Regulation of Commerce as Traffic --
Acts of Congress Prohibiting Commerce --
Commerce Clause as a Source of National Police Power --
Commerce Clause As a Restraint On State Powers --
State Taxation and Regulation: The Old Law --
State Taxation and Regulation: The Modern Law --
Foreign Commerce and State Powers --
Concurrent Federal and State Jurisdiction --
Commerce With Indian Tribes --
Clause 4: Naturalization and Bankruptcies --
Naturalization and Citizenship --
Aliens --
Bankruptcy --
Clauses 5 and 6 Money --
Fiscal and Monetary Powers of Congress --
Clause 7: Post Office --
Postal Power --
Clause 8: Copyrights and Patents --
Copyright and Patents --
Clause 9: Creation of Courts --
Clause 10: Maritime Crimes --
Piracies, Felonies, and Offenses Against the Law of Nations --
Clauses 11, 12, 13, and 14: War; Military Establishment --
War Power --
Power to Raise and Maintain Armed Forces --
War Legislation --
Constitutional Rights In Wartime --
Clauses 15 and 16: Militia --
Militia Clauses --
Clause 17: District of Columbia; Federal Property --
Seat of the Government --
Authority Over Places Purchased --
Clause 18: Necessary and Proper Clause --
Necessary and Proper Clause --
Section 9: Powers Denied To Congress: --
Clause 1: Importation of Slaves --
In General --
Clause 2: Habeas Corpus Suspension--
In General --
Clause 3: Bills of Attainder and Ex Post Facto Laws --
Bills of Attainder --
Ex Post Facto Laws --
Clause 4: Taxes --
Direct Taxes --
Clause 5: Duties on exports from States --
Taxes On Exports --
Clause 6: Preference to Ports --
No Preference Clause --
Clause 7: Appropriations and Accounting of Public Money --
Appropriations --
Payment of Claims --
Clause 8: Titles of Nobility; Presents --
In General --
Section 10: Powers Denied To The States: --
Clause 1: Treaties, Coining Money, Ex Post Facto Laws, Impairing Contracts --
Treaties, Alliances, or Confederations --
Bills of Credit --
Legal Tender --
Bills of Attainder --
Ex Post Facto Laws --
Scope of the Provision --
Denial of Future Privileges to Past Offenders --
Changes in Punishment --
Changes in Procedure --
Obligation of Contracts --Clause 2: Duties on Exports and Imports --
Duties On Exports or Imports --
Clause 3: Tonnage Duties, Keeping Troops, Making Compacts, War --
Tonnage Duties --
Keeping Troops --
Interstate Compacts --
Article 2: Executive Department: --
Section 1: President: --
Clause 1: Powers and Term of the President --
Nature and Scope of Presidential Power --
Tenure --
Clauses 2-3: Election --
Clause 4: Election --
Electoral College --
Clause 5: Qualifications --
Clause 6: Presidential Succession --
Clause 7: Compensation and Emoluments --
Clause 8: Oath of Office --
Section 2: Powers And Duties Of The President: --
Clause 1: Commander-in-Chiefship; Presidential Advisers; Pardons --
Commander-In-Chief --
Martial Law and Constitutional Limitations --
Presidential Advisers --
Pardons and Reprieves --
Clause 2: Treaties and Appointment of Officers --
Treaty-Making Power --
President and Senate --
Treaties as Law of the Land --
Constitutional Limitations of the treaty Power --
Interpretation and Termination of Treaties as International compacts --
Indian Treaties --
International Agreements Without Senate Approval --
Executive Establishment --
Appointments and Congressional Regulation of Offices --
Stages of Appointment Process --
Removal Power --
Presidential Aegis: Demands for Papers --
Clause 3: Vacancies during Recess of Senate --
Recess Appointments --
Section 3: Legislative, Diplomatic, and Law Enforcement Duties Of The President --
Legislative Role of the President --
Conduct of Foreign Relations --
President As Law Enforcer --
Protection of American Rights of Person and Property Abroad --
President Action In the Domain of Congress: the Steel Seizure Case --
Presidential Immunity From Judicial Direction --
Commissioning Officers --
Section 4: Impeachment: --
Impeachment --
Article 3: Judicial Department: --
Section 1: Judicial Power, Courts, Judges: --
Organization of Courts, Tenure, and Compensation of Judges --
One Supreme Court --
Inferior Courts --
Compensation --
Courts of Specialized Jurisdiction --
Legislative Courts --
Noncourt Entities in the Judicial Branch --
Judicial Power --
Characteristics and Attributes of Judicial Power --
Finality of Judgment as an Attribute of Judicial Power --
Ancillary Powers of Federal Courts --
Contempt Power --
Sanctions Other Than Contempt --
Power to Issue Writs: The Act of 1789 --
Congressional Limitation of the Injunctive Power --
Rule-Making Power and Powers Over Process --
Appointment of Referees, Masters, and Special Aids --
Power to Admit and Disbar Attorneys --
Sections 2: Judicial Power And Jurisdiction: --
Clause 1: Cases and Controversies; Grants of Jurisdiction --
Judicial Power and Jurisdiction-Cases and Controversies --
Judicial Review --
Jurisdiction of Supreme Court and Inferior Federal Courts --
Suits Affecting Ambassadors, Other Public Ministers, and Consuls --
Cases of Admiralty and Maritime Jurisdiction --
Cases to Which the United States Is A Party --
Suits Between Two or More States --
Controversies Between a State and Citizens of Another State --
Controversies Between Citizens of Different States --
Controversies Between Citizens of the Same State Claiming Land Under Grants of Different States --
Controversies Between a State, or the Citizens Thereof, and Foreign States, Citizens, or Subjects --
Clause 2: Original And Appellate Jurisdiction; Exceptions and Regulations of Appellate Jurisdiction --
Original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court --
Power of Congress to Control the Federal Courts --
Theory Reconsidered --
Federal-State Court Relations --
Clause 3: Trial by Jury --
Section 3: Treason: --
Clause 1: Definition and Limitations --
Treason --
Clause 2: Punishment --
Corruption of the Blood and Forfeiture --
Article 4: States' Relations: --
Section 1: Full Faith And Credit: --
Sources and effect of Full Faith and Credit --
Private International Law --
Judgments: effect to be given in Forum State --
In General --
Jurisdiction: A Prerequisite to Enforcement of Judgments --
Divorce Decrees: Domicile as the Jurisdictional Prerequisite --
Other Types of Decrees --
Penal Judgments: Types Entitled to Recognition --
Fraud as a Defense to suits on Foreign Judgments --
Recognition of Rights Based Upon Constitutions, Statutes, Common Law --
Development of the Modern Rule --
Full Faith and Credit: Miscellany --
Scope of Powers of Congress Under Provision --
Judgments of Foreign States --
Section 2: Interstate Comity: --
Clause 1: State Citizenship: Privileges and Immunities --
Origin and Purpose --
How Implemented --
Citizens of Each State --
All Privileges and Immunities of Citizens in the Several States --
Discrimination in Private Rights --
Access to Courts --
Taxation --
Clause 2: Interstate Rendition --
Duty to Surrender Fugitives From Justice --
Fugitive From Justice Defined --
Procedure for Removal --
Trial of Fugitives After Removal --
Clause 3: Fugitives from Labor --
Section 3: Admission Of New States ; Property Of United States: --
Clause 1: Admission of New Stats to Union --
Doctrine of the Equality of States --
Clause 2: Property of the United States --
Property and Territory: Powers of Congress --
Section 4: Obligations Of United States To States: --
Guarantee of Republican Form of Government --
Article 5: Mode Of Amendment: --
Amendment of the Constitution --
Scope of the Amending Power --
Proposing a Constitutional Amendment --
Proposals by Congress --
Convention Alternative --
Ratification --
Authentication and Proclamation --
Judicial Review Under Article 5 --
Article 6: Prior Debts, National Supremacy, Oaths Of Office: --
Clause 1: Validity of Prior Debts and engagements --
Prior Debts --
Clause 2: Supremacy of the Constitution, Laws and Treaties --
National Supremacy --
Marshall's Interpretation of the National Supremacy Clause --
Task of the Supreme Court Under the Clause: Preemption --
Operation of the Supremacy Clause --
Obligation of State Courts Under the Supremacy Clause --
Supremacy Clause Versus the Tenth Amendment --
Federal Instrumentalities and Personnel and State Police Power --
Doctrine of Federal Exemption From State Taxation --
Summation and Evaluation --
Clause 3: Oath of Office --
Oath of Office --
Power of Congress in Respect to Oaths --
National Duties of State Officers --
Article 7: Ratification --
Amendments To The Constitution --
First through Tenth Amendments: --
Bill Of Rights: --
History --
Formulation and Adoption --
Bill of Rights and the States --
Fourteenth Amendment --
First Amendment: Religion And Expression: --
Religion --
Overview --
First Amendment: Religion And Expression: --
Religion: --
Overview: --
Scholarly commentary --
Court tests applied to Legislation Affecting Religion --
Government Neutrality in Religious Disputes --
Establishment of Religion: --
Financial Assistance to Church-Related Institutions --
Governmental Encouragement of Religion in Public Schools: Released Time --
Governmental Encouragement of Religion in Public Schools: Prayers and Bible Reading --
Governmental Encouragement of Religion in Public Schools: Curriculum Restriction --
Access of Religious Groups to School Property --
Tax Exemptions of Religious Property --
Exemption of Religious Organizations from Generally Applicable Laws --
Sunday Closing Laws --
Conscientious Objection --
Regulation of Religious Solicitation --
Religion in Governmental Observances --
Religious Displays on Government Property --
Miscellaneous --
Free Exercise of Religion: --
Belief-Conduct Distraction --
Mormon Cases --
Jehovah's Witnesses Cases --
Free Exercise Exemption from General Governmental Requirements --
Religious Test Oaths --
Religious Disqualification --
Freedom of Expression-Speech and Press: --
Adoption and Common Law Background --
Freedom of Expression: The Philosophical Basis --
Freedom of Expression: Is There a Difference Between Speech and Press? --
Doctrine of Prior Restraint: --
Injunctions and the Press in Fair Trial Cases --
Obscenity and Prior Restraint --
Subsequent Punishment: Clear and Present Danger and Other Tests: --
Clear and Present Danger --
Adoption of Clear and Present Danger --
Contempt of Court and Clear and Present Danger --
Clear and Present Danger Revised: Dennis --
Balancing --
Absolutist View of the First Amendment, With a Note on "Preferred Position" --
Is There a Present Test? --
Freedom of Belief: --
Flag Salute Cases --
Imposition of Consequences for Holding Certain Beliefs --
Right of Association: --
Political Association --
Conflict Between Organization and Members --
Maintenance of National Security and the First Amendment: --
Punishment of Advocacy --
Compelled Registration of Communist Party --
Punishment for Membership in an organization That Engages in Proscribed Advocacy --
Disabilities Attaching to Membership in Proscribed Organizations --
Employment Restriction and Loyalty Oaths --
Legislative Investigations and the First Amendment --
Interference With War Effort --
Suppression of Communist Propaganda in the Mails --
Exclusion of Certain Aliens as a First Amendment Problem --
Particular Government Regulations that Restrict Expression --
Government as Employer: Political and Other Outside Activities --
Government as Employer: Free Expression Generally --
Government as Educator --
Government as Regulator of the Electoral Process: Elections --
Government as Regulator of the Electoral Process: Lobbying --
Government as Regulator of Labor Relations --
Government as Investigator: Reporter's Privilege --
Government and the Conduct of Trials --
Government as Administrator of Prisons --
Government and Power of the Purse --
Governmental Regulation of Communications Industries --
Commercial Speech --
Taxation --
Labor Relations --
Antitrust Laws --
Radio and Television --
Governmentally Compelled Right of Reply to Newspapers --
Regulations of Cable Television --
Government Restraint of Content of Expression --
Seditious Speech and Seditious Libel --
Fighting Words and Other Threats to the Peace --
Threats of Violence Against Individuals --
Group Libel, Hate Speech --
Defamation --
False Statements --
Invasion of Privacy --
Invasion of Privacy --
Emotional Distress Tort Actions --
Right of Publicity Tort Actions --
Publication of Legally Confidential Information --
Obscenity --
Child Pornography --
Non-obscene But Sexually Explicit and Indecent Expression --
Speech Plus: Constitutional Law of Leafleting, Picketing, and Demonstrating --
Public Forum --
Quasi-Public Places --
Picketing and Boycotts by Labor Unions --
Public Issue Picketing and Parading --
Leafleting, Handbilling, and the Like --
Sound Trucks, Noise --
Door-to-Door Solicitation --
Problem of Symbolic Speech --
Rights of Assembly and Petition --
Background and Development --
Cruikshank Case --
Hague Case --
Second Amendment: Bearing Arms: --
In General --
Third Amendment: Quartering Soldiers --
In General --
Fourth Amendment: Search And Seizure: --
Search and Seizure --
History and Scope of the Amendment --
History --
Scope of the Amendment --
Interest Protected --
Arrests and Other Detentions --
Searches and Inspections in Noncriminal Cases --
Searches and Seizure pursuant to warrant --
Issuance by Neutral Magistrate --
Probable Cause --
Particularity --
First Amendment Bearing on Probable Cause and Particularity --
Property Subject to Seizure --
Execution of Warrants --
Valid Searches And Seizures Without Warrants --
Detention Short of Arrest: Stop and Frisk --
Search Incident to Arrest --
Vehicular Searches --
Vessel Searches --
Consent Searches --
Border Searches --
Open Fields --
Plain View --
Public Schools --
Government Offices --
Prisons and Regulation of Probation and Parole --
Drug Testing --
Electronic Surveillance and the Fourth Amendment --
Olmstead Case --
Federal Communications Act --
Nontelephonic Electronic Surveillance --
Berger and Katz Cases --
Warrantless "National Security" Electronic Surveillance --
Enforcing the fourth Amendment: The Exclusionary Rule --
Alternatives to the Exclusionary Rule --
Development of the Exclusionary Rule --
Foundations of the Exclusionary Rule --
Narrowing Application of the Exclusionary Rule --
Operation of the Rule: Standing --
Fifth Amendment: Rights Of Persons: --
Indictment by Grand Jury --
Double Jeopardy --
Development and Scope --
Reprosecution Following Mistrial --
Reprosecution Following Acquittal --
Acquittal by Jury --
Acquittal by the Trial Judge --
Trial Court Rulings Terminating Trial Before Verdict --
Reprosecution Following Conviction --
Reprosecution After Reversal on Defendant's Appeal --
Sentence Increases --
For the Same Offence --
Legislative Discretion as to Multiple Sentences --
Successive Prosecutions for the same Offense --
Same Transaction Problem --
Self-Incrimination --
Development and Scope --
Power to Compel Testimony and Disclosure --
Immunity --
Required Records Doctrine --
Reporting and Disclosure --
Confessions: Police Interrogation, Due Process, and Self-Incrimination --
Common Law Rule --
McNabb-Mallory Doctrine --
State Confession Cases Before Miranda --
From the Voluntariness Standard to Miranda --
Miranda v Arizona --
Operation of the Exclusionary Rule --
Supreme Court Review --
Procedure in the Trial Courts --
Due Process --
History and Scope --
Scope of the Guaranty --
Procedural Due Process --
Generally --
Administrative Proceedings: A Fair Hearing --
Aliens: Entry and Deportation --
Judicial Review of Administrative or Military Proceedings --
Substantive Due Process --
Discrimination --
Congressional Police Measures --
Congressional Regulation of Public Utilities --
Congressional Regulations of Railroads --
Taxation --
Retroactive Taxes --
Deprivation of property: Retroactive Legislation --
Bankruptcy Legislation --
Right to Sue the Government --
Congressional Power to Abolish Common Law Judicial Actions --
Deprivation of Liberty: Economic Legislation --
National Eminent Domain Power --
Overview --
Public Use --
Just Compensation --
Interest --
Rights for Which Compensation Must Be Made --
Consequential Damages --
Enforcement of Right to Compensation --
When Property Is Taken --
Government Activity Not Directed at the Property --
Navigable Waters --
Regulatory Takings --
Sixth Amendment: Rights Of Accused In Criminal Prosecutions: --
Criminal Prosecutions: --
Coverage --
Offenses against the United States --
Right to a Speedy and Public Trial --
Speedy Trial --
Source and Rationale --
Application and Scope --
When the right is Denied --
Public Trial --
Right to Trial by Impartial Jury --
Jury Trial --
Attributes and Function of the Jury --
Criminal Proceedings to Which the Guarantee Applies --
Impartial Jury --
Place of Trial: Jury of the Vicinage --
Notice of Accusation --
Confrontation --
Compulsory Process --
Assistance of Counsel --
Development of Absolute Right to Counsel at Trial --
Powell v Alabama --
Johnson v Zerbst --
Betts v Brady and Progeny --
Gideon v Wainwright --
Protection of the Right to Retained Counsel --
Effective Assistance of Counsel--
Self-Representation --Right to Assistance of Counsel in Nontrial Situations --
Judicial Proceedings Before Trial --
Custodial Interrogation --
Lineups and Other Identification Situations --
Post-Conviction Proceedings --
Noncriminal and Investigatory Proceedings --
Seventh Amendment: Civil Trials --
Trial by Jury in Civil Cases --
Right and the Characteristics of the Civil Jury --
History --
Composition and Functions of Civil Jury --
Courts in Which the Guarantee Applies --
Waiver of the Right --
Application of the Amendment --
Cases "at Common Law" --
Continuing Law-Equity distinction --
Procedures Limiting Jury's Role --
Directed Verdicts --
Jury Trial Under the Federal Employer's Liability Act --
Appeals from State Courts to the Supreme Court --
Eighth Amendment: Further Guarantees In Criminal Cases: --
Excessive Bail --
Excessive Fines --
Cruel and unusual Punishments --
Style of Interpretation --
Application and Scope --
Capital Punishment --
General Validity and Guiding Principles --
Implementation of Procedural Requirements --
Limitations on Capital Punishment: Proportionality --
Limitations on capital Punishment: Diminished Capacity --
Limitations on Capital Punishment: Equality of Application --
Limitations on Habeas Corpus Review of Capital Sentences --
Proportionality --
Prisons and Punishment --
Limitation of the Clause to Criminal Punishments --
Ninth Amendment: Unenumerated Rights: --
Rights Retained by the People --
Tenth Amendment: Reserved Powers: --
Reserved Powers: --
Scope and Purpose --
Effect of Provision on Federal Powers --
Federal Taxing Powers --
Federal Police Power --
Federal Regulations Affecting State Activities and Instrumentalities --
Eleventh Amendment: Suits Against States: --
State Immunity: --
Purpose and Early Interpretation --
Expansion of the Immunity of the States --
Nature of the States' Immunity --
Suits Against States --
Consent to Suit and Waiver --
Congressional Withdrawal of Immunity --
Suits Against State Officials --
Tort Actions Against State Officials --
Twelfth Amendment: Election Of President: --
Thirteenth Amendment: Slavery And Involuntary Servitude: --
Abolition of Slavery --
Origin and Purpose --
Peonage --
Situations in Which the Amendment Is Inapplicable --
Fourteenth Amendment: Rights Guaranteed: Privileges And Immunities Of Citizenship, Due Process, And Equal Protection: --
Section 1: Rights Guaranteed --
Fourteenth Amendment and States' Rights --
Citizens of the United States --
Privileges or Immunities --
Due Process of Law --
Generally --
Definitions --
Rise and Fall of Economic Substantive Due Process: Overview --
Regulation of Labor Conditions --
Regulation of Business Enterprises: Price Controls --
Regulation of Public Utilities and Common Carriers --
Regulation of Businesses, Corporations, Professions, and Trades --
Protection of State Resources --
Ownership of Real Property: Rights and Limitations --
Health, Safety, and Morals --
Health --
Safety --
Morality --
Vested and Remedial Rights --
State Control over Local Units of Government --
Taxing Power --
Jurisdiction to Tax --
Procedure in Taxation --
Eminent Domain --
Fundamental Rights (Noneconomic Substantive Due Process) --
Procedural Due Process: Civil --
Procedure Which Is Due Process --
Jurisdiction --
Power of the States to Regulate Procedure --
Procedural Due Process: Criminal --
Equal Protection of the Laws --
Traditional Equal Protection: Economic Regulation and Related exercises of the Police Powers --
Equal Protection and Race --
New Equal Protection --
Classifications Meriting Close Scrutiny --
Illegitimacy --
Fundamental Interests: The Political Process --
Right to Travel --
Marriage and Familial Relations --
Sexual Orientation --
Poverty and Fundamental Interests: The Intersection of Due Process and Equal Protection --
Section 2: Apportionment of Representation --
Sections 3 and 4: Disqualification and Public Debt --
Section 5: Enforcement --Enforcement --
Fifteenth Amendment: Rights Of Citizens To Vote: --
Abolition of Suffrage Qualifications on Basis of Race --
Adoption and judicial enforcement --
Adoption --
Judicial View of the Amendment --
Grandfather Clauses --
White Primary --
Literacy tests --
Racial Gerrymandering --
Congressional Enforcement --
State Action --
Federal Remedial Legislation --
Sixteenth Amendment: Income Tax: --
Income Tax --
History and Purpose of the Amendment --
Income Subject to Taxation --
Corporate Dividends: When Taxable --
Corporate Earnings: When Taxable --
Gains: When Taxable --
Income from Illicit Transactions --
Deductions and exemptions --
Diminution of Loss --
Seventeenth Amendment: Popular Election Of Senators: --
Eighteenth Amendment: Prohibition Of Intoxicating Liquors --
Nineteenth Amendment: Women's Suffrage Rights --
Twentieth Amendment: Commencement Of The Terms of Office --
Twenty-First Amendment: Repeal Of Eighteenth Amendment: --
Repeal of Eighteenth Amendment --
Effect of Repeal --
Scope of Regulatory Power conferred upon the States --
Discrimination between Domestic and Imported Products --
Regulation of Transportation and "Through" Shipments --
Regulation of Imports Destined for a Federal Area --
Foreign Imports, Exports; Taxation, Regulation --
Effect of Section 2 upon Other Constitutional Provisions --
Effect on Federal Regulation --
Twenty-Second Amendment: Presidential Tenure --
Limitation of Presidential Terms --
Twenty-Third Amendment: Presidential Electors For The District Of Columbia --
Twenty-Fourth Amendment: Abolition Of The Poll Tax --
Expansion of the Right to Vote --
Twenty-Fifth Amendment: Presidential Vacancy and Disability --
Twenty-Sixth Amendment: Reduction Of Voting Age --
Eighteen-Year-Old Vote --
Twenty-Seventh Amendment: Congressional Pay Limitation --
Regulating Congressional Pay --
Acts Of Congress Held Unconstitutional In Whole Or In Part By The Supreme Court Of The United States --
State Constitutional And Statutory Provisions And Municipal Ordinances Held Unconstitutional Or Held To Be Prempted By Federal Law --
Supreme Court Decisions Overruled By Subsequent Decision --
Table Of Cases --
Index.
Serientitel: Senate document (United States. Congress. Senate), 108-17.
Andere Titel Constitution
Verfasserangabe: prepared by the Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress ; Johnny H. Killian, George A. Costello, Kenneth R. Thomas, co-editors ; David M. Ackerman, Henry Cohen, Robert Meltz, contributors.

Abstract:

Popularly known as the Constitution Annotated or "CONAN", encompasses the U.S. Constitution and analysis and interpretation of the U.S. Constitution with in-text annotations of cases decided by the Supreme Court of the United States. The analysis is provided by the Congressional Research Service (CRS) in the Library of Congress.

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<http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/60822213>
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<http://viaf.org/viaf/123920740>
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schema:name"Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service."
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schema:creator
schema:datePublished"2004"
schema:description"Second Amendment: Bearing Arms: -- In General -- Third Amendment: Quartering Soldiers -- In General -- Fourth Amendment: Search And Seizure: -- Search and Seizure -- History and Scope of the Amendment -- History -- Scope of the Amendment -- Interest Protected -- Arrests and Other Detentions -- Searches and Inspections in Noncriminal Cases -- Searches and Seizure pursuant to warrant -- Issuance by Neutral Magistrate -- Probable Cause -- Particularity -- First Amendment Bearing on Probable Cause and Particularity -- Property Subject to Seizure -- Execution of Warrants -- Valid Searches And Seizures Without Warrants -- Detention Short of Arrest: Stop and Frisk -- Search Incident to Arrest -- Vehicular Searches -- Vessel Searches -- Consent Searches -- Border Searches -- Open Fields -- Plain View -- Public Schools -- Government Offices -- Prisons and Regulation of Probation and Parole -- Drug Testing -- Electronic Surveillance and the Fourth Amendment -- Olmstead Case -- Federal Communications Act -- Nontelephonic Electronic Surveillance -- Berger and Katz Cases -- Warrantless "National Security" Electronic Surveillance -- Enforcing the fourth Amendment: The Exclusionary Rule -- Alternatives to the Exclusionary Rule -- Development of the Exclusionary Rule -- Foundations of the Exclusionary Rule -- Narrowing Application of the Exclusionary Rule -- Operation of the Rule: Standing -- Fifth Amendment: Rights Of Persons: -- Indictment by Grand Jury -- Double Jeopardy -- Development and Scope -- Reprosecution Following Mistrial -- Reprosecution Following Acquittal -- Acquittal by Jury -- Acquittal by the Trial Judge -- Trial Court Rulings Terminating Trial Before Verdict -- Reprosecution Following Conviction -- Reprosecution After Reversal on Defendant's Appeal -- Sentence Increases -- For the Same Offence -- Legislative Discretion as to Multiple Sentences -- Successive Prosecutions for the same Offense -- Same Transaction Problem -- Self-Incrimination -- Development and Scope -- Power to Compel Testimony and Disclosure -- Immunity -- Required Records Doctrine -- Reporting and Disclosure -- Confessions: Police Interrogation, Due Process, and Self-Incrimination -- Common Law Rule -- McNabb-Mallory Doctrine -- State Confession Cases Before Miranda -- From the Voluntariness Standard to Miranda -- Miranda v Arizona -- Operation of the Exclusionary Rule -- Supreme Court Review -- Procedure in the Trial Courts -- Due Process -- History and Scope -- Scope of the Guaranty -- Procedural Due Process -- Generally -- Administrative Proceedings: A Fair Hearing -- Aliens: Entry and Deportation -- Judicial Review of Administrative or Military Proceedings -- Substantive Due Process -- Discrimination -- Congressional Police Measures -- Congressional Regulation of Public Utilities -- Congressional Regulations of Railroads -- Taxation -- Retroactive Taxes -- Deprivation of property: Retroactive Legislation -- Bankruptcy Legislation -- Right to Sue the Government -- Congressional Power to Abolish Common Law Judicial Actions -- Deprivation of Liberty: Economic Legislation -- National Eminent Domain Power -- Overview -- Public Use -- Just Compensation -- Interest -- Rights for Which Compensation Must Be Made -- Consequential Damages -- Enforcement of Right to Compensation -- When Property Is Taken -- Government Activity Not Directed at the Property -- Navigable Waters -- Regulatory Takings -- Sixth Amendment: Rights Of Accused In Criminal Prosecutions: -- Criminal Prosecutions: -- Coverage -- Offenses against the United States -- Right to a Speedy and Public Trial -- Speedy Trial -- Source and Rationale -- Application and Scope -- When the right is Denied -- Public Trial -- Right to Trial by Impartial Jury -- Jury Trial -- Attributes and Function of the Jury -- Criminal Proceedings to Which the Guarantee Applies -- Impartial Jury -- Place of Trial: Jury of the Vicinage -- Notice of Accusation -- Confrontation -- Compulsory Process -- Assistance of Counsel -- Development of Absolute Right to Counsel at Trial -- Powell v Alabama -- Johnson v Zerbst -- Betts v Brady and Progeny -- Gideon v Wainwright -- Protection of the Right to Retained Counsel -- Effective Assistance of Counsel-- Self-Representation --Right to Assistance of Counsel in Nontrial Situations -- Judicial Proceedings Before Trial -- Custodial Interrogation -- Lineups and Other Identification Situations -- Post-Conviction Proceedings -- Noncriminal and Investigatory Proceedings -- Seventh Amendment: Civil Trials -- Trial by Jury in Civil Cases -- Right and the Characteristics of the Civil Jury -- History -- Composition and Functions of Civil Jury -- Courts in Which the Guarantee Applies -- Waiver of the Right -- Application of the Amendment -- Cases "at Common Law" -- Continuing Law-Equity distinction -- Procedures Limiting Jury's Role -- Directed Verdicts -- Jury Trial Under the Federal Employer's Liability Act -- Appeals from State Courts to the Supreme Court -- Eighth Amendment: Further Guarantees In Criminal Cases: -- Excessive Bail -- Excessive Fines -- Cruel and unusual Punishments -- Style of Interpretation -- Application and Scope -- Capital Punishment -- General Validity and Guiding Principles -- Implementation of Procedural Requirements -- Limitations on Capital Punishment: Proportionality -- Limitations on capital Punishment: Diminished Capacity -- Limitations on Capital Punishment: Equality of Application -- Limitations on Habeas Corpus Review of Capital Sentences -- Proportionality -- Prisons and Punishment -- Limitation of the Clause to Criminal Punishments -- Ninth Amendment: Unenumerated Rights: -- Rights Retained by the People -- Tenth Amendment: Reserved Powers: -- Reserved Powers: -- Scope and Purpose -- Effect of Provision on Federal Powers -- Federal Taxing Powers -- Federal Police Power -- Federal Regulations Affecting State Activities and Instrumentalities -- Eleventh Amendment: Suits Against States: -- State Immunity: -- Purpose and Early Interpretation -- Expansion of the Immunity of the States -- Nature of the States' Immunity -- Suits Against States -- Consent to Suit and Waiver -- Congressional Withdrawal of Immunity -- Suits Against State Officials -- Tort Actions Against State Officials -- Twelfth Amendment: Election Of President: --"@en
schema:description"Public Law 91-589 -- Introduction to the 2002 edition -- Historical note on formation of the Constitution -- Constitution Of The United States of America: Literal Print -- Amendments Of The Constitution Of The United States Of America -- Proposed Amendments Not Ratified By The States -- Constitution Of The United States of America: With Analysis -- Preamble: -- Purpose and effect of the Preamble -- Article 1: Legislative Department: -- Section 1: Legislative Powers: -- Separation of Powers and Checks and Balances -- Theory Elaborated and implemented -- Judicial Enforcement -- Bicameralism -- Enumerated, Implied, Resulting, and Inherent Powers -- Delegation of Legislative Power: -- History of the Doctrine of Nondelegability -- Nature and Scope of Permissible Delegations -- Delegations to the President in Areas of Shared Authority -- Delegations to States and to Private Entities -- Particular Subjects or Concerns: Closer Scrutiny or Uniform Standard? -- Congressional Investigations -- Source of the Power to Investigate -- Investigations of Conduct of Executive Department -- Investigations of Members of Congress -- Investigations in Aid of Legislation -- Sanctions of the Investigatory Power: Contempt -- Section 2: House Of Representatives: -- Clause 1: Congressional Districting -- Elector Qualifications -- Clause 2: Qualifications of Members of Congress -- When the Qualifications must be Possessed -- Exclusivity of Constitutional Qualifications -- Congressional Additions -- State Additions -- Clause 3: Apportionment of Seats in the House -- Census Requirement -- Clause 4: Vacancies -- Clause 5: Officers and Power of Impeachment -- Section 3: Senate: -- Clauses 1: Composition and Selection -- Clause 2: Classes of Senators -- Clause 3: Qualifications -- Clause 4: Vice President -- Clause 5: Officers -- Clauses 6: Trial of Impeachment -- Clause 7: Judgments on Impeachment -- Sections 4: Elections: -- Clause 1: Congressional Power to Regulate -- Legislation protecting Electoral Process -- Clause 2: Time of Assembling -- Section 5: Powers And Duties Of The Houses: -- Clauses 1: Power to Judge Elections -- Clause 2: Rules of Proceedings -- Clause 3: Duty to Keep a Journal -- Clause 4: Adjournments -- Power to Judge Elections -- Quorum to Do Business -- Rules of Proceedings -- Powers of the Houses Over Members -- Duty to Keep a Journal -- Section 6: Rights And Disabilities Of Members: -- Clause 1: Compensation and Immunities of Members -- Congressional Pay -- Privilege From Arrest -- Privilege of Speech or Debate -- Clause 2: Disabilities -- Appointment to Executive Office -- Incompatible Offices -- Section 7: Bills and Resolutions -- Clause 1: Revenue Bills --Clause 2: Approval by the President -- Clause 3: Presentation of Resolutions -- Legislative Process -- Revenue Bills -- Approval by the President -- Veto Power -- Presentation of Resolutions -- Section 8: Powers Of Congress: -- Clause 1: Power to Tax And Spend -- Kinds of Taxes Permitted -- Purposes of Taxation -- Spending For the General Welfare -- Social Security Act Cases -- Conditional Grants-in-Aid -- Earmarked Funds -- Debts of the United States -- Clause 2: Borrowing Power -- Clause 3: Commerce Power -- Power to Regulate commerce -- Interstate Versus Foreign Commerce -- Instruments of Commerce -- Congressional Regulation of Waterways -- Congressional Regulation of Land Transportation -- Congressional Regulation of Commerce as Traffic -- Acts of Congress Prohibiting Commerce -- Commerce Clause as a Source of National Police Power -- Commerce Clause As a Restraint On State Powers -- State Taxation and Regulation: The Old Law -- State Taxation and Regulation: The Modern Law -- Foreign Commerce and State Powers -- Concurrent Federal and State Jurisdiction -- Commerce With Indian Tribes -- Clause 4: Naturalization and Bankruptcies -- Naturalization and Citizenship -- Aliens -- Bankruptcy -- Clauses 5 and 6 Money -- Fiscal and Monetary Powers of Congress -- Clause 7: Post Office -- Postal Power -- Clause 8: Copyrights and Patents -- Copyright and Patents -- Clause 9: Creation of Courts -- Clause 10: Maritime Crimes -- Piracies, Felonies, and Offenses Against the Law of Nations -- Clauses 11, 12, 13, and 14: War; Military Establishment -- War Power -- Power to Raise and Maintain Armed Forces -- War Legislation -- Constitutional Rights In Wartime -- Clauses 15 and 16: Militia -- Militia Clauses -- Clause 17: District of Columbia; Federal Property -- Seat of the Government -- Authority Over Places Purchased -- Clause 18: Necessary and Proper Clause -- Necessary and Proper Clause -- Section 9: Powers Denied To Congress: -- Clause 1: Importation of Slaves -- In General -- Clause 2: Habeas Corpus Suspension-- In General -- Clause 3: Bills of Attainder and Ex Post Facto Laws -- Bills of Attainder -- Ex Post Facto Laws -- Clause 4: Taxes -- Direct Taxes -- Clause 5: Duties on exports from States -- Taxes On Exports -- Clause 6: Preference to Ports -- No Preference Clause -- Clause 7: Appropriations and Accounting of Public Money -- Appropriations -- Payment of Claims -- Clause 8: Titles of Nobility; Presents -- In General -- Section 10: Powers Denied To The States: -- Clause 1: Treaties, Coining Money, Ex Post Facto Laws, Impairing Contracts -- Treaties, Alliances, or Confederations -- Bills of Credit -- Legal Tender -- Bills of Attainder -- Ex Post Facto Laws -- Scope of the Provision -- Denial of Future Privileges to Past Offenders -- Changes in Punishment -- Changes in Procedure -- Obligation of Contracts --Clause 2: Duties on Exports and Imports -- Duties On Exports or Imports -- Clause 3: Tonnage Duties, Keeping Troops, Making Compacts, War -- Tonnage Duties -- Keeping Troops -- Interstate Compacts -- Article 2: Executive Department: -- Section 1: President: -- Clause 1: Powers and Term of the President -- Nature and Scope of Presidential Power -- Tenure -- Clauses 2-3: Election -- Clause 4: Election -- Electoral College -- Clause 5: Qualifications -- Clause 6: Presidential Succession -- Clause 7: Compensation and Emoluments -- Clause 8: Oath of Office -- Section 2: Powers And Duties Of The President: -- Clause 1: Commander-in-Chiefship; Presidential Advisers; Pardons -- Commander-In-Chief -- Martial Law and Constitutional Limitations -- Presidential Advisers -- Pardons and Reprieves -- Clause 2: Treaties and Appointment of Officers -- Treaty-Making Power -- President and Senate -- Treaties as Law of the Land -- Constitutional Limitations of the treaty Power -- Interpretation and Termination of Treaties as International compacts -- Indian Treaties -- International Agreements Without Senate Approval -- Executive Establishment -- Appointments and Congressional Regulation of Offices -- Stages of Appointment Process -- Removal Power -- Presidential Aegis: Demands for Papers -- Clause 3: Vacancies during Recess of Senate -- Recess Appointments -- Section 3: Legislative, Diplomatic, and Law Enforcement Duties Of The President -- Legislative Role of the President -- Conduct of Foreign Relations -- President As Law Enforcer -- Protection of American Rights of Person and Property Abroad -- President Action In the Domain of Congress: the Steel Seizure Case -- Presidential Immunity From Judicial Direction -- Commissioning Officers -- Section 4: Impeachment: -- Impeachment --"@en
schema:description"Article 3: Judicial Department: -- Section 1: Judicial Power, Courts, Judges: -- Organization of Courts, Tenure, and Compensation of Judges -- One Supreme Court -- Inferior Courts -- Compensation -- Courts of Specialized Jurisdiction -- Legislative Courts -- Noncourt Entities in the Judicial Branch -- Judicial Power -- Characteristics and Attributes of Judicial Power -- Finality of Judgment as an Attribute of Judicial Power -- Ancillary Powers of Federal Courts -- Contempt Power -- Sanctions Other Than Contempt -- Power to Issue Writs: The Act of 1789 -- Congressional Limitation of the Injunctive Power -- Rule-Making Power and Powers Over Process -- Appointment of Referees, Masters, and Special Aids -- Power to Admit and Disbar Attorneys -- Sections 2: Judicial Power And Jurisdiction: -- Clause 1: Cases and Controversies; Grants of Jurisdiction -- Judicial Power and Jurisdiction-Cases and Controversies -- Judicial Review -- Jurisdiction of Supreme Court and Inferior Federal Courts -- Suits Affecting Ambassadors, Other Public Ministers, and Consuls -- Cases of Admiralty and Maritime Jurisdiction -- Cases to Which the United States Is A Party -- Suits Between Two or More States -- Controversies Between a State and Citizens of Another State -- Controversies Between Citizens of Different States -- Controversies Between Citizens of the Same State Claiming Land Under Grants of Different States -- Controversies Between a State, or the Citizens Thereof, and Foreign States, Citizens, or Subjects -- Clause 2: Original And Appellate Jurisdiction; Exceptions and Regulations of Appellate Jurisdiction -- Original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court -- Power of Congress to Control the Federal Courts -- Theory Reconsidered -- Federal-State Court Relations -- Clause 3: Trial by Jury -- Section 3: Treason: -- Clause 1: Definition and Limitations -- Treason -- Clause 2: Punishment -- Corruption of the Blood and Forfeiture -- Article 4: States' Relations: -- Section 1: Full Faith And Credit: -- Sources and effect of Full Faith and Credit -- Private International Law -- Judgments: effect to be given in Forum State -- In General -- Jurisdiction: A Prerequisite to Enforcement of Judgments -- Divorce Decrees: Domicile as the Jurisdictional Prerequisite -- Other Types of Decrees -- Penal Judgments: Types Entitled to Recognition -- Fraud as a Defense to suits on Foreign Judgments -- Recognition of Rights Based Upon Constitutions, Statutes, Common Law -- Development of the Modern Rule -- Full Faith and Credit: Miscellany -- Scope of Powers of Congress Under Provision -- Judgments of Foreign States -- Section 2: Interstate Comity: -- Clause 1: State Citizenship: Privileges and Immunities -- Origin and Purpose -- How Implemented -- Citizens of Each State -- All Privileges and Immunities of Citizens in the Several States -- Discrimination in Private Rights -- Access to Courts -- Taxation -- Clause 2: Interstate Rendition -- Duty to Surrender Fugitives From Justice -- Fugitive From Justice Defined -- Procedure for Removal -- Trial of Fugitives After Removal -- Clause 3: Fugitives from Labor -- Section 3: Admission Of New States ; Property Of United States: -- Clause 1: Admission of New Stats to Union -- Doctrine of the Equality of States -- Clause 2: Property of the United States -- Property and Territory: Powers of Congress -- Section 4: Obligations Of United States To States: -- Guarantee of Republican Form of Government -- Article 5: Mode Of Amendment: -- Amendment of the Constitution -- Scope of the Amending Power -- Proposing a Constitutional Amendment -- Proposals by Congress -- Convention Alternative -- Ratification -- Authentication and Proclamation -- Judicial Review Under Article 5 -- Article 6: Prior Debts, National Supremacy, Oaths Of Office: -- Clause 1: Validity of Prior Debts and engagements -- Prior Debts -- Clause 2: Supremacy of the Constitution, Laws and Treaties -- National Supremacy -- Marshall's Interpretation of the National Supremacy Clause -- Task of the Supreme Court Under the Clause: Preemption -- Operation of the Supremacy Clause -- Obligation of State Courts Under the Supremacy Clause -- Supremacy Clause Versus the Tenth Amendment -- Federal Instrumentalities and Personnel and State Police Power -- Doctrine of Federal Exemption From State Taxation -- Summation and Evaluation -- Clause 3: Oath of Office -- Oath of Office -- Power of Congress in Respect to Oaths -- National Duties of State Officers -- Article 7: Ratification -- Amendments To The Constitution -- First through Tenth Amendments: -- Bill Of Rights: -- History -- Formulation and Adoption -- Bill of Rights and the States -- Fourteenth Amendment -- First Amendment: Religion And Expression: -- Religion -- Overview -- First Amendment: Religion And Expression: -- Religion: -- Overview: -- Scholarly commentary -- Court tests applied to Legislation Affecting Religion -- Government Neutrality in Religious Disputes -- Establishment of Religion: -- Financial Assistance to Church-Related Institutions -- Governmental Encouragement of Religion in Public Schools: Released Time -- Governmental Encouragement of Religion in Public Schools: Prayers and Bible Reading -- Governmental Encouragement of Religion in Public Schools: Curriculum Restriction -- Access of Religious Groups to School Property -- Tax Exemptions of Religious Property -- Exemption of Religious Organizations from Generally Applicable Laws -- Sunday Closing Laws -- Conscientious Objection -- Regulation of Religious Solicitation -- Religion in Governmental Observances -- Religious Displays on Government Property -- Miscellaneous -- Free Exercise of Religion: -- Belief-Conduct Distraction -- Mormon Cases -- Jehovah's Witnesses Cases -- Free Exercise Exemption from General Governmental Requirements -- Religious Test Oaths -- Religious Disqualification -- Freedom of Expression-Speech and Press: -- Adoption and Common Law Background -- Freedom of Expression: The Philosophical Basis -- Freedom of Expression: Is There a Difference Between Speech and Press? -- Doctrine of Prior Restraint: -- Injunctions and the Press in Fair Trial Cases -- Obscenity and Prior Restraint -- Subsequent Punishment: Clear and Present Danger and Other Tests: -- Clear and Present Danger -- Adoption of Clear and Present Danger -- Contempt of Court and Clear and Present Danger -- Clear and Present Danger Revised: Dennis -- Balancing -- Absolutist View of the First Amendment, With a Note on "Preferred Position" -- Is There a Present Test? -- Freedom of Belief: -- Flag Salute Cases -- Imposition of Consequences for Holding Certain Beliefs -- Right of Association: -- Political Association -- Conflict Between Organization and Members -- Maintenance of National Security and the First Amendment: -- Punishment of Advocacy -- Compelled Registration of Communist Party -- Punishment for Membership in an organization That Engages in Proscribed Advocacy -- Disabilities Attaching to Membership in Proscribed Organizations -- Employment Restriction and Loyalty Oaths -- Legislative Investigations and the First Amendment -- Interference With War Effort -- Suppression of Communist Propaganda in the Mails -- Exclusion of Certain Aliens as a First Amendment Problem -- Particular Government Regulations that Restrict Expression -- Government as Employer: Political and Other Outside Activities -- Government as Employer: Free Expression Generally -- Government as Educator -- Government as Regulator of the Electoral Process: Elections -- Government as Regulator of the Electoral Process: Lobbying -- Government as Regulator of Labor Relations -- Government as Investigator: Reporter's Privilege -- Government and the Conduct of Trials -- Government as Administrator of Prisons -- Government and Power of the Purse -- Governmental Regulation of Communications Industries -- Commercial Speech -- Taxation -- Labor Relations -- Antitrust Laws -- Radio and Television -- Governmentally Compelled Right of Reply to Newspapers -- Regulations of Cable Television -- Government Restraint of Content of Expression -- Seditious Speech and Seditious Libel -- Fighting Words and Other Threats to the Peace -- Threats of Violence Against Individuals -- Group Libel, Hate Speech -- Defamation -- False Statements -- Invasion of Privacy -- Invasion of Privacy -- Emotional Distress Tort Actions -- Right of Publicity Tort Actions -- Publication of Legally Confidential Information -- Obscenity -- Child Pornography -- Non-obscene But Sexually Explicit and Indecent Expression -- Speech Plus: Constitutional Law of Leafleting, Picketing, and Demonstrating -- Public Forum -- Quasi-Public Places -- Picketing and Boycotts by Labor Unions -- Public Issue Picketing and Parading -- Leafleting, Handbilling, and the Like -- Sound Trucks, Noise -- Door-to-Door Solicitation -- Problem of Symbolic Speech -- Rights of Assembly and Petition -- Background and Development -- Cruikshank Case -- Hague Case --"@en
schema:description"Thirteenth Amendment: Slavery And Involuntary Servitude: -- Abolition of Slavery -- Origin and Purpose -- Peonage -- Situations in Which the Amendment Is Inapplicable -- Fourteenth Amendment: Rights Guaranteed: Privileges And Immunities Of Citizenship, Due Process, And Equal Protection: -- Section 1: Rights Guaranteed -- Fourteenth Amendment and States' Rights -- Citizens of the United States -- Privileges or Immunities -- Due Process of Law -- Generally -- Definitions -- Rise and Fall of Economic Substantive Due Process: Overview -- Regulation of Labor Conditions -- Regulation of Business Enterprises: Price Controls -- Regulation of Public Utilities and Common Carriers -- Regulation of Businesses, Corporations, Professions, and Trades -- Protection of State Resources -- Ownership of Real Property: Rights and Limitations -- Health, Safety, and Morals -- Health -- Safety -- Morality -- Vested and Remedial Rights -- State Control over Local Units of Government -- Taxing Power -- Jurisdiction to Tax -- Procedure in Taxation -- Eminent Domain -- Fundamental Rights (Noneconomic Substantive Due Process) -- Procedural Due Process: Civil -- Procedure Which Is Due Process -- Jurisdiction -- Power of the States to Regulate Procedure -- Procedural Due Process: Criminal -- Equal Protection of the Laws -- Traditional Equal Protection: Economic Regulation and Related exercises of the Police Powers -- Equal Protection and Race -- New Equal Protection -- Classifications Meriting Close Scrutiny -- Illegitimacy -- Fundamental Interests: The Political Process -- Right to Travel -- Marriage and Familial Relations -- Sexual Orientation -- Poverty and Fundamental Interests: The Intersection of Due Process and Equal Protection -- Section 2: Apportionment of Representation -- Sections 3 and 4: Disqualification and Public Debt -- Section 5: Enforcement --Enforcement -- Fifteenth Amendment: Rights Of Citizens To Vote: -- Abolition of Suffrage Qualifications on Basis of Race -- Adoption and judicial enforcement -- Adoption -- Judicial View of the Amendment -- Grandfather Clauses -- White Primary -- Literacy tests -- Racial Gerrymandering -- Congressional Enforcement -- State Action -- Federal Remedial Legislation -- Sixteenth Amendment: Income Tax: -- Income Tax -- History and Purpose of the Amendment -- Income Subject to Taxation -- Corporate Dividends: When Taxable -- Corporate Earnings: When Taxable -- Gains: When Taxable -- Income from Illicit Transactions -- Deductions and exemptions -- Diminution of Loss -- Seventeenth Amendment: Popular Election Of Senators: -- Eighteenth Amendment: Prohibition Of Intoxicating Liquors -- Nineteenth Amendment: Women's Suffrage Rights -- Twentieth Amendment: Commencement Of The Terms of Office -- Twenty-First Amendment: Repeal Of Eighteenth Amendment: -- Repeal of Eighteenth Amendment -- Effect of Repeal -- Scope of Regulatory Power conferred upon the States -- Discrimination between Domestic and Imported Products -- Regulation of Transportation and "Through" Shipments -- Regulation of Imports Destined for a Federal Area -- Foreign Imports, Exports; Taxation, Regulation -- Effect of Section 2 upon Other Constitutional Provisions -- Effect on Federal Regulation -- Twenty-Second Amendment: Presidential Tenure -- Limitation of Presidential Terms -- Twenty-Third Amendment: Presidential Electors For The District Of Columbia -- Twenty-Fourth Amendment: Abolition Of The Poll Tax -- Expansion of the Right to Vote -- Twenty-Fifth Amendment: Presidential Vacancy and Disability -- Twenty-Sixth Amendment: Reduction Of Voting Age -- Eighteen-Year-Old Vote -- Twenty-Seventh Amendment: Congressional Pay Limitation -- Regulating Congressional Pay -- Acts Of Congress Held Unconstitutional In Whole Or In Part By The Supreme Court Of The United States -- State Constitutional And Statutory Provisions And Municipal Ordinances Held Unconstitutional Or Held To Be Prempted By Federal Law -- Supreme Court Decisions Overruled By Subsequent Decision -- Table Of Cases -- Index."@en
schema:description"Popularly known as the Constitution Annotated or "CONAN", encompasses the U.S. Constitution and analysis and interpretation of the U.S. Constitution with in-text annotations of cases decided by the Supreme Court of the United States. The analysis is provided by the Congressional Research Service (CRS) in the Library of Congress."@en
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schema:name"The Constitution of the United States of America : analysis and interpretation : analysis of cases decided by the Supreme Court of the United States to June 28, 2002"@en
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