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Contemporary issues for protecting patients in cancer research : workshop summary

Author: Sharyl J Nass; Margie Patlak; National Cancer Policy Forum (U.S.),
Publisher: Washington, D.C. : The National Academies Press, [2014] ©2014
Edition/Format:   Print book : Conference publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"In the nearly 40 years since implementation of federal regulations governing the protection of human participants in research, the number of clinical studies has grown exponentially. These studies have become more complex, with multisite trials now common, and there is increasing use of archived biospecimens and related data, including genomics data. In addition, growing emphasis on targeted cancer therapies  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Congresses
Conference papers and proceedings
Material Type: Conference publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Sharyl J Nass; Margie Patlak; National Cancer Policy Forum (U.S.),
ISBN: 9780309306669 0309306663
OCLC Number: 904080770
Description: xvii, 74 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm
Contents: Introduction --
Current regulatory arena --
Common rule and HIPAA --
Shortcomings of current regulations and guidances --
Context --
Data deindentification --
Impediment to quality improvement and learning --
Varied interpretation --
Misaligned incentives --
Lack of harmonization with international standards --
Informed consent forms --
Informed consent process --
Consent tools --
Beyond consent --
HITECH --
Advanced notice of proposed rulemaking --
Patient perspectives on research protections --
Ethical challenges of genetic advances --
Patient consent for use of archived biospecimens --
Return of research results --
Clinically actionable findings --
Context matters --
Who pays --
Biospecimens from deceased participants --
The changing context of research and care --
Oversight in a learning health care system --
Oversight of pragmatic trials --
Multisite studies and IRB review --
Central IRBs --
New England Reliance Agreement --
Value of local IRBs --
Educational needs --
Research needs --
Wrap-up.
Other Titles: Protecting patients in cancer research
Responsibility: Sharyl J. Nass and Margie Patlak, rapporteurs ; National Cancer Policy Forum, Board on Health Care Services, Institute of Medicine of the National Academies.

Abstract:

"In the nearly 40 years since implementation of federal regulations governing the protection of human participants in research, the number of clinical studies has grown exponentially. These studies have become more complex, with multisite trials now common, and there is increasing use of archived biospecimens and related data, including genomics data. In addition, growing emphasis on targeted cancer therapies requires greater collaboration and sharing of research data to ensure that rare patient subsets are adequately represented. Electronic records enable more extensive data collection and mining, but also raise concerns about the potential for inappropriate or unauthorized use of data, bringing patient protections into a new landscape. There are also long-standing concerns about the processes and forms used to obtain informed consent from patients participating in clinical studies. These changes and challenges raise new ethical and practical questions for the oversight of clinical studies, and for protecting patients and their health information in an efficient manner that does not compromise the progress of biomedical research. Contemporary Issues for Protecting Patients in Cancer Research is the summary of a workshop convened by the National Cancer Policy Forum of the Institute of Medicine in February 2014 to explore contemporary issues in human subjects protections as they pertain to cancer research, with the goal of identifying potential relevant policy actions. Clinical researchers, government officials, members of Institutional Review Boards, and patient advocates met to discuss clinical cancer research and oversight. This report examines current regulatory provisions that may not adequately protect patients or may be hindering research, and discusses potential strategies and actions to address those challenges"--Publisher's description.

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