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The conversion of biomass to ethanol using geothermal energy derived from hot dry rock to supply both the thermal and electrical power requirements

Autor: Brown, D.W.; Los Alamos National Laboratory.; United States. Department of Energy. Assistant Secretary for Human Resources and Administration.; United States. Department of Energy. Office of Scientific and Technical Information.
Editora: Washington, DC : United States. Dept. of Energy. Assistant Secretary for Human Resources and Administration ; Oak Ridge, Tenn. : Distributed by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Dept. of Energy, 1997.
Edição/Formato   e-book : Documento : Publicação de conferência : Publicação de governo nacional : InglêsVer todas as edições e formatos
Base de Dados:WorldCat
Resumo:
The potential synergism between a hot dry rock (HDR) geothermal energy source and the power requirements for the conversion of biomass to fuel ethanol is considerable. In addition, combining these two renewable energy resources to produce transportation fuel has very positive environmental implications. One of the distinct advantages of wedding an HDR geothermal power source to a biomass conversion process is  Ler mais...
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Detalhes

Tipo de Material: Publicação de conferência, Documento, Publicação do governo, Publicação de governo nacional, Recurso Internet
Tipo de Documento: Recurso Internet, Arquivo de Computador
Todos os Autores / Contribuintes: Brown, D.W.; Los Alamos National Laboratory.; United States. Department of Energy. Assistant Secretary for Human Resources and Administration.; United States. Department of Energy. Office of Scientific and Technical Information.
Número OCLC: 68421393
Notas: Published through the Information Bridge: DOE Scientific and Technical Information.
10/01/1997.
"La-ur--97-2077."
"Conf-970701--"
"DE98000265."
32. intersociety energy conversion engineering conference, Honolulu, HI (United States), 27 Jul - 2 Aug 1997.
Brown, D.W.
Descrição: 7 pages : digital, PDF file.

Resumo:

The potential synergism between a hot dry rock (HDR) geothermal energy source and the power requirements for the conversion of biomass to fuel ethanol is considerable. In addition, combining these two renewable energy resources to produce transportation fuel has very positive environmental implications. One of the distinct advantages of wedding an HDR geothermal power source to a biomass conversion process is flexibility, both in plant location and in operating process is flexibility, both in plant location and in operating conditions. The latter obtains since an HDR system is an injection conditions of flow rate, pressure, temperature, and water chemistry are under the control of the operator. The former obtains since, unlike a naturally occurring geothermal resource, the HDR resource is very widespread, particularly in the western US, and can be developed near transportation and plentiful supplies of biomass. Conceptually, the pressurized geofluid from the HDR reservoir would be produced at a temperature in the range of 200° to 220°c. The higher enthalpy portion of the geofluid thermal energy would be used to produce a lower-temperature steam supply in a countercurrent feedwater-heater/boiler. The steam, following a superheating stage fueled by the noncellulosic waste fraction of the biomass, would be expanded through a turbine to produce electrical power. Depending on the lignin fraction of the biomass, there would probably be excess electrical power generated over and above plant requirements (for slurry pumping, stirring, solids separation, etc.) which would be available for sale to the local power grid. In fact, if the hybrid HDR/biomass system were creatively configured, the power plant could be designed to produce daytime peaking power as well as a lower level of baseload power during off-peak hours.

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