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Corrections : an introduction

Author: Richard P Seiter
Publisher: Upper Saddle River, N.J. : Pearson Prentice Hall, ©2008.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Richard P Seiter
ISBN: 0132249057 9780132249058
OCLC Number: 72355031
Description: xxiii, 599 pages : illustrations (chiefly color) ; 28 cm + 1 CD-ROM (4 3/4 in.)
Contents: PART I PUTTING CORRECTIONS IN PERSPECTIVE Chapter 1 History of Crime and Punishment Key TermsChapter Objectives IntroductionDefining Corrections What is Corrections? The Mission of Corrections Corrections as a Part of the Criminal Justice System The Correctional Funnel and Correctional Policy Your Career in Corrections: Policy AnalystsWhy Students Should Study Corrections?An Insider's Experience...Twenty-Five Years of Correctional Work Theories of Crime and PunishmentEarly Responses to CrimeThe Development of the Prison The Walnut Street Jail The Pennsylvania System The Auburn SystemPrisons Throughout the Last Two CenturiesAn Interview With...The Toughest Sheriff in AmericaSentencing Goals for Correctional Punishment Deterrence Incapacitation Rehabilitation Restitution You Make the Decision...Rating the Importance of Correctional Goals Chapter Review Summary Review Questions Endnotes Chapter 2 -- Sentencing and the Correctional Process Key TermsChapter ObjectivesIntroductionPreTrial Correctional Activities Diversion from the Criminal Justice System Pretrial Detention in Jail Release from Pretrial Detention on Bail Alternatives to Bail Pretrial Service Programs Your Career in Corrections: Pretrial Services OfficersThe Role of Plea Bargaining and SentencingPre-Sentencing Correctional Activities Purposes of the PSI Collecting Information for the PSI Contents of the PSIThe Sentencing Decision Sentencing Options Sentencing Models A Case Study...Minor Changes Can Have Major Budget Implications An Insider's Experience...Increasing Good Time Opportunities Judicial Discretion in Sentencing Mandatory Minimum Sentences Three Strikes Laws Presumptive Sentencing Sentencing Guidelines An Interview With... A Sentencing JudgeDrug Courts: A Creative Sentencing OptionYou Make the Decision...Determinate or Indeterminate SentencesChapter Review Summary Review Questions Endnotes PART II CORRECTIONAL POLICY AND OPERATIONS Chapter 3 - Jails Key Terms Chapter Objectives Introduction The History of JailsCurrent Jail OperationsRole and Function of JailsThe Organization of Jails Jail Populations The Increasing Use of Jails Admissions and Length of Stay The Jail Process and Daily Operations Jail Classification Jail Staffing Your Career in Corrections...Jail OfficersDesign and Supervision in Jails An Insider's Experience...Siting an Urban Correctional Facility Creating a Secure Setting Inside the JailIssues in Jails An Interview With...A Jail Administrators Responding to Jail Crowding Legal Issues for Jails Dealing with Mentally Ill Offenders Preventing Suicides A Look Into...Preventing Suicides You Make the Decision...Preventing Jail SuicidesChapter ReviewSummaryReview QuestionsEndnotes Chapter 4 - Probation and Intermediate Sanctions Key Terms Chapter ObjectivesIntroduction The History of ProbationModern Probation Operations Supervision A Look Into...Dealing with the Mentally Ill Probationer Conditions of Probation Revocation of Probation You Make the Decision...Should I Revoke Him?Issues Regarding Probation Effectiveness A Changing Style of Supervision Probation Classification SystemsIntermediate Sanctions Defining Intermediate SanctionsTypes of Intermediate Sanctions Economic Sanctions Intensive Supervised Probation House Arrest Community Residential Centers An Interview With...A Halfway House Director Your Career in Corrections: Halfway House Staffer Split Sentences Shock Incarceration Shock ProbationThe Effectiveness of Intermediate SanctionsAn Insider's Experience...Implementing Intermediate Sanctions Chapter ReviewSummaryReview QuestionsEndnotes Chapter 5 - PrisonsKey Terms Chapter ObjectivesIntroductionCurrent Status of Prisons in the United States The Role and Mission of Prisons Your Career in Correction: Wardens Growth of the Prison Population Likelihood of Going to Prison Meeting the Growth Demand An Insider's Experience: Throwing Out a $2 Million Prison DesignAdult Prison Systems in the United States The Federal Prison System Establishment of the Bureau of Prisons Growth of the Bureau of Prisons The Bureau of Prisons Today An Interview With...The Director of the Federal Bureau of Prisons State Prison Systems The Organization of State Prison Systems A Case Study: Appointing Correctional Directors Inmates in State Prison Systems Classification within State Prison Systems Other Public Correctional Systems Private Correctional Systems Private Correctional CompaniesA Question of Policy You Make the Decision: Is Incarceration Worth the Cost?Chapter ReviewSummaryReview QuestionsEndnotes Chapter 6: Parole and Prisoner Reentry Key Terms Chapter ObjectivesIntroductionThe History of Parole Machonochie and the Mark System Walter Crofton and the Irish SystemParole Begins in the United States Parole and the Medical ModelAttacks on the Medical Model and Parole The Current Status of Parole Alternatives to Indeterminate Sentencing Problems with Moving Away from Indeterminate SentencesCurrent Status of Parole in the United StatesOperations of Parole The Organization of Parole Boards An Insider's Experience: Appointing Parole Board Members The Parole Hearing You Make the Decision: Parole or Not? Supervision and Conditions of Parole Your Career in Corrections: Parole OfficersTerminating Parole Supervision Revoking Parole Legal Issues Regarding RevocationEffectiveness of ParoleA Question of Policy: Should Parole Be Saved? Prisoner Reentry: A Changing Phenomena Changes Over the Past Two Decades Issues Faced by Offenders Returning to the Community An Interview With...An Ex-OffenderWhat Can Be Done to Improve Prisoner Reentry?Chapter ReviewSummaryReview QuestionsEndnotes PART III CORRECTIONAL CLIENTS Chapter 7 - The Clients of Adult Correctional Agencies Key Terms Chapter ObjectivesIntroductionOverview of Adult Offender Gender, Race, and Ethnicity Age of OffendersTypes of Offenses and Length of ConfinementMale Offenders Male Offenders and Violence An Insider's Experience: The Murder of a Prison Worker Male Prisoners Your Career in Corrections: Caseworkers and Counselors Female Offenders Women in Prison Special Issues and Needs of Female Inmates An Interview With...A Female Offender Separation from Family and Children Alcohol and Substance AbuseNeed for Medical Care Classification Systems for Female Offenders A Look Into: Working with Female Inmates Legal Issues Regarding Parity for Female Inmates Alternatives to Prison for Women Offenders You Make the Decision: Should Women Go to Prison Just Like Men?Chapter ReviewSummaryReview QuestionsEndnotes Chapter 8 - The Juvenile Correctional System Key Terms Chapter ObjectivesIntroductionAn Insider's Experience: Defining the Role of Juvenile Institutions The Problem of Juvenile CrimeDevelopment of the Juvenile Justice System Waiver of Juvenile Offenders You Make the Decision: Should Juveniles be Tried as Adults?Categories of Juvenile OffendersThe Juvenile Justice System and Process Steps in the Juvenile Justice Process An Interview With...The Creator of the RECLAIM OhioPlan Your Career in Corrections: Juvenile Social Service WorkerJuvenile Residential FacilitiesLegal Issues Affecting the Juvenile Justice SystemIssues in Juvenile Corrections Juvenile Gangs and Juvenile Crime Responding to Juvenile Drug CrimeA Case Study: Is the Juvenile Justice System "Just?"Chapter ReviewSummaryReview QuestionsEndnotes Chapter 9 - Special Offenders Key Terms Chapter ObjectivesIntroductionJuvenile Offenders in Adult Criminal CourtsDrug OffendersMentally Ill Offenders Your Career in Corrections: Correctional PsychologistsAging Offenders A Case Study: Senior Citizen InmatesViolent Offenders An Interview With...A Supermax Prison Warden You Make the Decision: Implement a Supermax Prison?Sex Offenders Treatment and Management of Sex Offenders Sex Offender Recidivism Civil Commitment of Sexually Violent PredatorsOffenders with Infectious Diseases HIV/AIDS TuberculosisChapter ReviewSummaryAn Insider's Experience: I Thought I Would Get FiredReview QuestionsEndnotes PART 4 PRISON LIFE Chapter 10 - The Management of Prisons Key Terms Chapter Objectives Introduction The Organization of Prisons State Departments of Corrections Functions Within the Office of Director Your Career in Corrections: Correctional Administrators Administrative Functions Human Resource Functions Community Supervision Functions Field Operations Functions An Interview With... A Correctional Administrator Prison Staff Organization Custody and Security Functions Treatment Functions Service FunctionsUnit Management A Case Study: The Effectiveness of Unit Management An Insider's Experience: Taking Down the TowersControlling Inmate Behavior Policies and Procedures Quality Assurance in the Implementation of Policy Inmate Classification Inmate DisciplineThe Role of Staff in a Prison Recruiting and Hiring Correctional Staff Collective Bargaining Within Correctional Agencies You Make the Decision: Implement Collective Bargaining?Chapter ReviewSummaryReview QuestionsEndnotes Chapter 11 -- Prison Life for Inmates Key TermsChapter ObjectivesIntroductionPrison Life for Male Offenders Prison Culture and the Inmate Code A Look Into: A Glossary of Prison Slang Violence in Prisons Gangs in Prisons Prison Gang Control Strategies Your Career in Corrections: Gang Intelligence Officers Homosexual Behavior in Male Prisons You Make the Decision: Implement Conjugal Visiting? Drugs in Prisons The Function of Humor in Prison An Interview With...A Three-Time LoserPrison Life for Female Offenders The History of Women's Prisons An Insider's Experience: Changing a Female Prison Culture of Female Correctional InstitutionsChapter ReviewSummaryReview QuestionsEndnotes Chapter 12 - The World of Prison Staff Key Terms Chapter ObjectivesIntroductionThe Jobs of Prison StaffThe Organization of a Prison Prison Chain of CommandThe Warden The Role of Modern Wardens An Insider's Experience: My Job as a WardenLife for a Correctional Officer The Daily Grind Stress and Danger Gaining Compliance of Inmates A Case Study: Gaining Compliance Correctional Officer Careers Your Career in Correction: A Correctional Officer An Interview With...A Correctional OfficerThe Role of Other Staff Other Security Personnel Treatment and Program Staff Services StaffYou Make the Decision: Do I Want to Work in a Prison?The Prison Culture for Staff A Case Study: Setting the ToneFemale Correctional Officers in Male Prisons A Look Into: Female Correctional Officers in Male PrisonsChapter ReviewSummaryReview QuestionsEndnotes Chapter 13 Custody and Treatment Key Terms Chapter ObjectivesIntroductionSecurity and Custody within a PrisonSecurity and Custody Functions Inmate Accountability Program and Work Assignments A Case Study: The Daily Routine Inmate Movements Casual and Direct Inmate Supervision Inmate Counts Control of Contraband Special Housing UnitsYou Make the Decision: Lock Him Up? Inmate Riots and Disturbances A Look Into: Causes of a Riot Planning for Emergency Situations Emergency Response Teams An Insider's Experience...Rebuilding Staff Confidence after a Riot Treatment and Programs within a PrisonIdentifying Inmate NeedsTypes of Prison Programs Educational and Vocational Programs Your Career in Corrections: Correctional Educators Mental Health Programs in Prisons Substance Abuse Programs An Interview With...A Substance Abuse Coordinator Prison Work Programs Prison Industries Religious Programs Recreation ProgramsChapter ReviewSummaryReview QuestionsEndnotes Chapter 14 - Legal Issues and the Death PenaltyKey Terms Chapter Objectives IntroductionLegal Issues Regarding InmatesThe Development of Inmate Legal RightsThe Bill of Rights and Congressional Actions Providing Inmate RightsSpecific Rights of Prisoners Conditions of Confinement A Case Study: The Development of an Inmate Lawsuit Religious Freedom Medical Care First Amendment Rights Access to the Courts Fourth Amendment RightsInmate DisciplineLimiting Litigation by InmatesYour Career in Corrections: Correctional AttorneysCapital PunishmentThe History of Capital Punishment in the United StatesLegal and Statutory Provisions for the Death PenaltyCurrent Statistics Regarding Capital PunishmentDeath Row Prisoners Executions An Interview With...A Warden Who Oversees Executions Operational ProblemsAn Insider's Experience...Hostages on Death Row Reasons for Capital Punishment Deterrence Retribution Incapacitation CostPublic Opinion Regarding the Death PenaltyThe Potential for ErrorYou Make the Decision: Support the Death Penalty Chapter ReviewSummaryReview QuestionsEndnotes PART 5 CORRECTIONAL CHALLENGES Chapter 15 - Issues in Corrections Key Terms Chapter Objectives Introduction Prison and Jail PopulationsPolitics and Policy An Interview With...An Elected Official A Case Study: Politics and Policy Regarding Prison Industries Tightening Budgets Reducing the Inmate Population Development of Community Alternatives to Prison Creating Revenues by Correctional Agencies Contracting with the Private Sector You Make the Decision: Use the Private Sector to Operate Prisons?Accreditation of Correctional ProgramsImportance of Staff Diversity Your Career in Corrections...Human Resource Managers An Insider's Experience: Increasing Minority Staff Effectiveness of Treatment ProgramsChapter Review Summary Review Questions Endnotes Chapter 16: Questions Regarding the Future of CorrectionsKey TermsChapter Objectives IntroductionAn Interview With...A Correctional ExpertCan Our Current Approach to Sentencing and Corrections Be Successful and Continue?Will Rehabilitation Continue as a Primary Correctional Goal? An Insider's Experience: Education Really Does Work.Will Supervision of Offenders in the Community Change in Approach?Do We Need a New Paradigm for Sentencing and Corrections?Can We Reduce the Impact of Prisonization and Improve the Successful Reentry of Prisoners to the Community?Your Career in Corrections...Community Social Service Staff Is Corrections a Good Career Choice for Me?Chapter Review Summary You Make the Decision...What Will the Future Bring? Review Questions Endnotes GlossaryIndex
Responsibility: Richard P. Seiter.

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