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The cosmos in the Antikythera mechanism

Author: Tony Freeth; Alexander Jones; New York University. Institute for the Study of the Ancient World.
Publisher: New York : Institute for the Study of the Ancient World, 2012.
Series: ISAW papers, no. 4.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : English
Summary:
The Antikythera Mechanism is a fragmentarily preserved Hellenistic astronomical machine with bronze gearwheels, made about the second century B.C. In 2005, new data were gathered leading to considerably enhanced knowledge of its functions and the inscriptions on its exterior. However, much of the front of the instrument has remained uncertain due to loss of evidence. We report progress in reading a passage of one  Read more...
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Genre/Form: History
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Tony Freeth; Alexander Jones; New York University. Institute for the Study of the Ancient World.
OCLC Number: 828186961
Notes: Title from journal home page (ISAW Papers, viewed Jan. 16, 2013).
Description: 1 online resource : illustrations.
Series Title: ISAW papers, no. 4.
Responsibility: Tony Freeth and Alexander Jones.

Abstract:

The Antikythera Mechanism is a fragmentarily preserved Hellenistic astronomical machine with bronze gearwheels, made about the second century B.C. In 2005, new data were gathered leading to considerably enhanced knowledge of its functions and the inscriptions on its exterior. However, much of the front of the instrument has remained uncertain due to loss of evidence. We report progress in reading a passage of one inscription that appears to describe the front of the Mechanism as a representation of a Greek geocentric cosmology, portraying the stars, Sun, Moon, and all five planets known in antiquity. Complementing this, we propose a new mechanical reconstruction of planetary gearwork in the Mechanism, incorporating an economical design closely analogous to the previously identified lunar anomaly mechanism, and accounting for much unresolved physical evidence.

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