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Criminal justice 04/05

Author: Joseph Victor; Joanne Naughton
Publisher: Maidenhead : McGraw-Hill Education, 2004.
Series: Annual editions.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English

Presents a collection of articles from the public press. This book discusses topics such as: crime and justice in America; victimology; the police; the judicial system; juvenile justice; and  Read more...


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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Joseph Victor; Joanne Naughton
ISBN: 007287435X 9780072874358
OCLC Number: 56451574
Description: 1 volume.
Contents: UNIT 1. Crime and Justice in America 1. What Is the Sequence of Events in the Criminal Justice System?, Report to the Nation on Crime and Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, January 1998 This report reveals that the response to crime is a complex process, involving citizens as well as many agencies, levels, and branches of government. 2. The Road to September 11, Evan Thomas, Newsweek, October 1, 2001 For a decade, America has been fighting a losing war against terrorism. This article chronicles the missed clues and missteps in a manhunt that is far from over. 3. Global Trends in Crime, Gene Stephens, The Futurist, May/June 2003 This article makes the point that while crime varies around the world, as statistics show, new tactics have proved effective in the United States. To keep crime in check in the twenty-first century, we'll need to get smarter, not just tougher. 4. The FBI's Cyber-Crime Crackdown, Simson Garfinkel, Technology Review, November 2002 On one side, teen hackers and corrupt employees; on the other, the FBI's computer-crime-fighting units. According to Simson Garfinkle, the U.S. government's first line of defense against cybercrime and cyberterrorism is the FBI's Computer Crime Squads, which form the heart of its new Cyber Division. 5. Crime and Punishment, David Finkel, Washington Post National Weekly Edition, December 9--15, 2002 For Nigeria's Muslims, the Islamic code provides swift, certain judgment. This report from Nigeria explains how conduct, for which there are no criminal penalties for its Christians, may have severe penalties for many of its Muslims. 6. Enough Is Enough, Clifton Leaf, Fortune, March 18, 2002 Of all the factors that lead to corporate crime, none comes close to the role of top management in tolerating and even shaping a culture that allows for it. Accounting fraud often starts this way, and prosecutors can make these crimes too complicated. According to Clifton Leaf, they can be boiled down to basic lying, cheating, and stealing. 7. Trust and Confidence in Criminal Justice, Lawrence W. Sherman, National Institute of Justice Journal, Number 248, 2002 The criminal justice system is a paradox of progress. It is less corrupt, brutal, and racially unfair than it has been in the past. It has also become more effective, with greater diversity in its staffing. Yet Americans today have less confidence in the criminal justice system than in many other institutions. 8. So You Want to Be a Serial-Murderer Profiler ..., John Randolph Fuller, The Chronicle of Higher Education, December 7, 2001 John Randolph Fuller helps to guide his students by sketching out the various career options that are available in criminal justice. While it may sound exciting, being a serial-murderer profiler is not a realistic option for most students. UNIT 2. Victimology 9. Ordering Restitution to the Crime Victim, OVC Legal Series, November 2002 This bulletin provides an overview of state laws addressing the rights of victims to receive court-ordered restitution from offenders in criminal cases. 10. Murder Victim Family Members Who Oppose Executions Cite Bias, Criminal Justice Newsletter, Volume 32, Number 19 Murder victims' family members who oppose the death penalty are often treated badly and illegally by criminal justice officials because they are seen as thwarting the government's intention to seek the death penalty, accoarding to an association of such victims. 11. Telling the Truth About Damned Lies and Statistics, Joel Best, The Chronicle of Higher Education, May 4, 2001 We should not ignore all statistics or assume that every number is false. Some statistics are bad, but others are useful. Joel Best thinks that we need good statistics to talk sensibly about social problems. 12. Violence and the Remaking of a Self, Susan J. Brison, The Chronicle of Higher Education, January 18, 2002 The horror and violence associated with the crime of rape is clearly evident in the words of Susan Brison as she describes her victimization, attempts at coping with the aftereffects, and the eventual remaking of herself into a survivor of this terrible crime. 13. Prosecutors, Kids, and Domestic Violence Cases, Debra Whitcomb, National Institute of Justice Journal, Number 248, 2002 The results of new research strongly suggest that prosecutors can bring together people with disparate views and hammer out ways to overcome distrust and conflict toward a common goal: protection of battered women and their children. 14. Strengthening Antistalking Statutes, OVC Legal Series, January 2002 Stalking is a crime of intimidation. Stalkers harass and even terrorize through conduct that causes fear and substantial emotional distress in their victims. Work must be done in the future to better protect stalking victims by strengthening antistalking laws, according to this U.S. Department of Justice report. 15. Teenagers At Greatest Risk For Violent Victimization; Teen Victims More Likely To Be Offenders, NCJA Justice Bulletin, October 2002 The victimization of teenagers in America has gone largely unrecognized. After years of focusing on juvenile offenders, it is time to shift our attention to the plight of juvenile victims. UNIT 3. The Police 16. The NYPD's War On Terror, Craig Horowitz,, February 3, 2003 Frustrated by the lack of help from Washington since September 11th, police commissioner Ray Kelly has created his own versions of the CIA and the FBI within the department, with officers being stationed globally. We will know if he has succeeded, says Craig Horowitz, if nothing happens. 17. Racial Profiling and Its Apologists, Tim Wise, Z Magazine, March 2002 Racial profiling cannot be justified on the basis of general crime rate data. But, according to Tim Wise, "unless and until the stereotypes that underlie [it] are attacked and exposed as a fraud, the practice will likely continue..." The fact remains that the typical offender in violent crime categories is white. 18. Early Warning Systems: Responding to the Problem Police Officer, Samuel Walker, Geoffrey P. Alpert, and Dennis J. Kenney, National Institute of Justice Journal, July 2001 Problem police officers are well known to their peers, their supervisors, and the public, but little is done about them. A study shows that an early-warning system may have a dramatic effect on reducing citizen complaints. 19. How Science Solves Crimes, Jeffrey Kluger, Time, October 21, 2002 From ballistics to DNA evidence, forensic scientists are revolutionizing police work on TV and in reality. And just in time because now, more than ever in history, officials have the skills to catch a slippery killer or clear a condemned prisoner. 20. Ethics and Criminal Justice: Some Observations on Police Misconduct, Bryan Byers, Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences (ACJS) Today, September/October 2000 Bryan Byers discusses police misconduct in terms of ethical violations as well as police departments' responses to such behavior. 21. Cold Case Squads: Leaving No Stone Unturned, Ryan Turner and Rachel Kosa, Bureau of Justice Assistance, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Dept. of Justice, July 2003 A cold case squad may be a viable option for a police department that is plagued by a significant number of unsolved murders, especially if there is a decline in new murder cases freeing up the resources to begin investigating old cases. 22. The Blue Plague of American Policing, Robert A. Fox, Law Enforcement News, May 15/31, 2003 Cops are unhappy which may lead to the reason why they commit suicide three times more often than other Americans. Cops suffer more depression, divorce more, and drink more. Police officers feel estranged from their departments and from a public that is eager to find a scapegoat for its own problems. UNIT 4. The Judicial System 23. Jury Consulting on Trial, D. W. Miller, The Chronicle of Higher Education, November 23, 2001 The notion of "scientific jury selection" took hold in the early 1970s; since then, however, scholars have found little evidence that social science makes a big difference in jury selection. Furthermore, even if research offered lawyers a wealth of predictive information, they would not always be able to use it as they do not have complete control over jury selection. 24. You As An Expert Witness, Frank J. MacHovec, PI Magazine, March/April 2003 Expert witnesses are permitted to analyze, compare and interpret facts to provide an opinion in court that is important to the case. The expectation is that the testimony will be unbiased and based on professional standards, without taking sides. Still, some experts have been accused of being bought or paid off. 25. Jury Duty: When History and Life Coincide, Elisabeth I. Perry, The Chronicle of Higher Education, October 25, 2002 Women no longer get an automatic pass when it comes to jury duty. In a recent trial, the gender and racial politics of the jury's deliberations proved determinative to the trial's outcome. 26. Looking Askance at Eyewitness Testimony, D. W. Miller, The Chronicle of Higher Education, February 25, 2000 Eyewitness identification often leads to the conviction of innocent people. In this article, psychologists offer advice on how to handle such evidence. 27. Justice & Antonin Scalia, Julia Vitullo-Martin, Commonweal, March 28, 2003 The author of this article sketches a picture of a Supreme Court justice who can be provocative and even shocking on race, and combative on issues that usually call for compassion, such as the death penalty. UNIT 5. Juvenile Justice 28. Sentencing Guidelines and the Transformation of Juvenile Justice in the 21st Century, Daniel P. Mears, Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, February 2002 The past decade witnessed dramatic changes to juvenile justice in America, changes that have altered the focus and administration of juvenile justice in the twenty-first century. 29. Hard-Time Kids, Sasha Abramsky, The American Prospect, August 27, 2001 Sasha Abramsky points out in this article that handing down adult prison sentences to juvenile criminals is not solving their problems or ours. 30. Gangs in Middle America: Are They a Threat?, David M. Allender, FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, December 2001 No city, town, or neighborhood is totally immune from the threat of gangs. Prevention requires that communities provide young people with options that will lead them away from a gang lifestyle. 31. Trouble With the Law, Tina Susman, Newsday, August 22, 2002 In this article, Tina Susman demonstrates that parents and civic groups decry a system that treats juveniles as adults. 32. Doubting the System, Tina Susman, Newsday, August 21, 2002 Laws on juveniles stir debate over punishment and racism, according to author Tina Susman in this news piece. UNIT 6. Punishment and Corrections 33. Kicking Out the Demons by Humanizing the Experience An Interview With Anthony Papa, Preston Peet,, May 1, 2002 Anthony Papa is an artist and activist who uses his art to promote prison and drug-war reform. He was arrested in a drug sting operation in 1985 and served 12 years in Sing Sing prison for his first offense, under the Rockefeller drug laws, before being granted clemency. 34. Trends in State Parole, Timothy A. Hughes, Doris James Wilson, and Alan J. Beck, Perspectives, Summer 2002 According to the authors, the more things change, the more they stay the same in parole issues. 35. War On Whom?, Susanna Thomas, Friends Journal, October 2002 There are better approaches to the criminal justice system than the death penalty and increasing prison populations. Susanna Thomas reports that most states have drastically cut funds for education, drug rehab and job training in prisons, and early release for good behavior, all programs that could have helped prisoners adjust to the outside. 36. Correctional Boot Camps: Lessons From A Decade of Research, Dale G. Parent, National Institute of Justice Journal, June 2003 Despite a decade of popularity, boot camps as an alternative sanction have had difficulty meeting these correctional objectives: reducing recidivism, prison populations, and operating costs. 37. The Ultimate Penalty, Richard Muti, FDU Magazine, Fall/Winter 2002 Courts are exhibiting a new-found willingness to chip away at capital punishment, and the public's enthusiasm for the death penalty also seems to be waning. This article explores the possibility that innocent people may be sentenced to death, in light of the recent spate of overturned convictions.
Series Title: Annual editions.
Responsibility: edited by Joseph Victor, Joanne Naughton.


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