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Criminal justice ethics : theory and practice

Author: Cyndi Banks
Publisher: Thousand Oaks : SAGE Publications, ©2013.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 3rd edView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:

Examines the criminal justice system through an ethical lens identifying ethical issues in practice and in theory

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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Cyndi Banks
ISBN: 9781412995450 1412995450
OCLC Number: 768335806
Description: xiv, 369 pages ; 26 cm
Contents: Machine generated contents note: pt. I The Interaction Between Ethics and The Criminal Justice System --
1. The Importance of Ethics in Criminal Justice --
The Meaning of Ethics --
The Value of Ethics --
Case Study 1.1 Police Brutality in New Orleans --
Case Study 1.2 Police Brutality During Katrina --
Normative Ethics --
Ethical Relativism --
Case Study 1.3 Death Row Inmate Set Free --
Cultural Relativism --
Ethical Absolutism --
Ethical Pluralism --
Religion and Ethical Standards --
Conduct Is Right Because God Commands It --
God Commands Right Conduct Because It Is Right --
Ethics and Natural Law --
Ethics and Law --
Ethical Dilemmas --
Ethical Issues in Criminal Justice --
Ethical Problems in the Use of Authority --
Ethical Problems in the Relationship Between Personal and Professional Interests --
Ethical Problems in Personal and Professional Commitments to Clients --
Ethical Issues in Criminal Justice and Public Policy --
Ethical Issues Resulting From Policing Policies. Ethical Problems in Information Sharing --
Ethical Problems Dealing With Human Rights Issues in the Criminal Justice System --
Ethical Issues in the Media Reporting of Crime --
Summary --
Discussion Case --
Discussion Questions --
2. Ethics and the Police --
Ethics and Policing --
The Nature of Policing --
Police as an Institution --
Police Culture --
Police Discretion --
Ethics and Codes of Ethics --
Police Use of Force --
Case Study 2.1 Cop Gets 15 Years in Torture Case --
Case Study 2.2 Blowing the Whistle on Police Violence --
Dirty Harry/Dirty Hands --
Case Study 2.3 Police Officer Shown Hitting Man With Baton on Video --
Police Corruption --
Conditions Contributing to Police Corruption --
Combating Corruption --
Whistle-Blowing --
Case Study 2.4 Punished for Whistle-Blowing? --
Discrimination as Corruption --
Case Study 2.5 "Looking Mexican" --
Case Study 2.6 Racial Profiling: When Color Signals Dangerousness --
Ethical Issues in Investigation, Interrogation, and Custody --
Rights of Suspects --
Privacy --
Entrapment --
Deception --
Lying --
Explanations for Police Corruption --
Summary --
Discussion Questions --
Web Resources. 3. Racial Discrimination in the Criminal Justice System --
Ethical Background --
Historical Context --
Is There Racial Discrimination in the Criminal Justice System? --
Police Encounters With Citizens and Police Arrest --
Bail --
Jury Selection --
Case Study 3.1 In Dallas, Dismissal of Black Jurors Leads to Appeal by Death Row Inmate --
Conviction and Sentencing --
Imprisonment Disparities --
Death Penalty Disparities --
Hate Crimes --
Explanations for Racial Discrimination in the Criminal Justice System --
How Do We Explain the Existence of Racial Discrimination in the Criminal Justice System? --
Summary --
Discussion Questions --
Web Resources --
4. Lawyers and Ethics --
Legal Ethics: Historical Context --
The Nature of Professional Ethics --
The Principle of Partisanship --
The Principle of Neutrality --
The Lawyer --
Client Relationship --
Confidentiality --
Client Perjury --
Client Crime --
Case Study 4.1 Buried Bodies Case --
Defense Lawyers --
The Prosecutor --
The Duty to Ensure Justice Is Done --
Case Study 4.2 Prosecutor Misconduct --
Discretion to Bring Charges --
Prosecution Disclosure of Evidence to the Defense --
Plea Bargaining --
Prosecutorial Misconduct. Case Study 4.3 Wrongful Conviction Payment --
Case Study 4.4 Convict's DNA Sways Labs, Not a Determined Prosecutor --
Case Study 4.5 Prosecutor Withholds Evidence --
Case Study 4.6 Release After 14 Years --
Judicial Ethics --
Ethical Rules Governing Judges --
Case Study 4.7 Prosecutor Says Tape Shows Brooklyn Judge Took a Bribe --
Case Study 4.8 Judge Receives 28-Year Sentence for Taking Bribes --
Judicial Misfeasance --
Case Study 4.9 Federal Judges and Financial Interest Conflicts --
Case Study 4.10 Appearance of Partiality --
Case Study 4.11 Judicial Bribery --
Case Study 4.12 Gross Abuse of Power --
Case Study 4.13 Texas Judge Reprimanded --
Summary --
Discussion Questions --
5. The Purpose of Criminal Punishment --
What Is Punishment? --
Theoretical Approaches to Punishment --
Why Punish? The Philosophical Approach --
Case Study 5.1 The Nature of the Punishment: Corporal Punishment --
Deterrence --
Retribution --
Just Deserts --
Reconciling Utilitarian and Retributive Theories --
Rehabilitation --
Incapacitation --
Restorative Justice --
Why Punish? The Sociological Approach --
Summary --
Discussion Questions. 6. Ethics in Corrections --
The Prison Explosion --
Maximum Security --
Women's Incarceration --
Medium Security --
Minimum Security --
Stateville Prison: The Changing State of Corrections --
Guarding Ethically --
Case Study 6.1 Male Prison Rape and "Deliberate Indifference" --
The Experience of Guarding --
Corruption of Authority --
Power and Authority in Prison: Controlling the Inmates --
The Battle for Compliance --
Evaluating Guards --
Rewards and Punishments --
Enforcing Rule Violations --
Informal Controls --
Guarding With Discretion --
The Gray Wall of Silence: Prison Guard Subculture --
Subculture and Socialization --
Guard Types --
Use of Force --
Case Study 6.2 Sex Offenders and Use of Force --
The Court's View of Correctional Officer Use of Force --
Correctional Policy on the Use of Force --
Prisoner "Power" --
Unethical Situations --
Rape in Prison --
Case Study 6.3 Rape in Prison --
Case Study 6.4 Transgender Experiences of Prison Rape --
Case Study 6.5 Guard Forces Transgender Inmate to Have Sex With Him --
Transgender Prisoners --
Corruption. Case Study 6.6 Jail Guards Charged With Smuggling --
Case Study 6.7 Fixing a Drink in Prison --
Case Study 6.8 Ex --
S.C. Correctional Officer Sentenced --
Whistle-Blowing in Corrections --
Ethical Considerations in Probation and Parole --
Arming Probation Officers --
Treatment or Control? --
Parole --
Summary --
Discussion Questions --
Web Resources --
7. The Ethics of Criminal Justice Policy Making --
The Ethics of Policy Making --
Case Study 7.1 An Example of Unethical Policy Making? --
Morality Policy --
Public Opinion About Punishment --
Mandatory Minimum Sentencing --
The War on Drugs --
Truth in Sentencing --
Predators and Superpredators --
Sexual Predators --
Superpredators --
Capital Punishment --
Public Opinion on Capital Punishment --
Private Prisons --
Case Study 7.2 Private Prisons --
A Good Policy Choice? --
Disenfranchising Inmates of Their Voting Rights --
Summary --
Discussion Questions --
Web Resources --
8. Ethics and the "War on Terrorism" --
Defining Terrorism --
Warfare or Crime Control? What Are the Morally Justifiable Constraints and Restrictions That a Government Should Be Permitted to Impose on Its Citizens in a War on Terrorism? --
What Moral Restrictions Apply to the Conduct of Counterterrorist Operations? --
Is Torture Morally Permissible as a Counterterrorist Strategy? --
The Morality of Targeted Killing --
Summary --
Discussion Questions --
9. Media Ethics and Criminal Justice --
Reporting the Truth --
Avoiding Bias --
Avoiding Harm --
Serving the Public --
Maintaining Trust --
Manipulation --
Summary --
pt. II The Application of Ethical Theories to the Criminal Justice System --
10. Duty and Principle --
Hypothetical and Categorical Imperatives --
The Principle of Universality --
Respect for All Persons --
Kingdom of Ends --
Conflicting Duties --
Applying Deontological Theory --
Case Study 10.1 Rough Justice in a Juvenile Institution --
Summary --
Discussion Case --
Discussion Questions --
11. Considering the Consequences --
Pleasure and Happiness --
Act Consequentialism --
Rule Consequentialism --
Public Policy and Utilitarianism --
Arguments Criticizing Utilitarianism --
Applying Utilitarian Theory. Case Study 11.1 Good Friends Are Hard to Find --
Summary --
Discussion Case --
Discussion Questions --
12. The Importance of Character --
Virtues --
Aristotle and Happiness --
The Golden Mean --
Practical Wisdom --
What's Wrong With Virtue --
Applying Virtue Theory --
Case Study 12.1 Profiling in the Neighborhood --
Summary --
Discussion Case --
Discussion Questions --
13. Egoism, Pleasure, and Indifference --
Stoicism --
Hedonism --
Ethical Egoism --
Psychological Egoism --
Ethical Egoism --
Applying the Theory of Ethical Egoism --
Case Study 13.1 Giving Your Own Punishment --
Summary --
Discussion Questions --
14. A Sense of Justice --
Application of the Principles --
Justice as Fairness --
Moral Development --
Applying Rawlsian Theory --
Summary --
Discussion Questions --
15. Caring for Others --
Kohlberg and Gilligan --
A Theory of Moral Development --
"In a Different Voice": Carol Gilligan --
Gender and the Ethic of Care --
An Ethic of Care --
Developing the Ethic of Care --
The Ethic of Care and Justice --
Peacemaking --
Applying the Ethic of Care. Case Study 15.1 Tough Love --
Summary --
Discussion Case --
Discussion Questions.
Responsibility: Cyndi Banks.

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