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Criminals in the making : criminality across the life course

Author: John Paul Wright; Stephen G Tibbetts; Leah E Daigle
Publisher: Los Angeles : SAGE, [2015]
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : [Second edition]View all editions and formats
Summary:
Overview: Why do individuals exposed to the same environment turn out so differently, with some engaging in crime and others abiding by societal rules and norms? Why are males involved in violent crime more often than females? And why do the precursors of serious pathological behavior typically emerge in childhood? Criminals in the Making: Criminality Across the Life Course, Second Edition, by John Paul Wright,  Read more...
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: John Paul Wright; Stephen G Tibbetts; Leah E Daigle
ISBN: 9781452217994 1452217998 1483334848 9781483334844 1483341968 9781483341965
OCLC Number: 856647669
Description: xvi, 310 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm
Contents: Preface --
Acknowledgments --
Life Courses Criminology: --
Life course criminology --
Origins of life course criminology --
Career criminal approach --
What is life course criminology? --
Concepts and issues in life course criminology --
Life course theories of criminal behavior: --
Gottfredson and Hirschi's general theory of crime --
Sampson and Laub's age-graded theory of social control --
Developmental trajectories and typologies of offenders: --
Moffitt's theory of adolescent-limited and life course-persistent delinquents --
Patterson's early and late starters --
Life course criminality --
Stability Of Criminal And Analogous Behaviors: --
What do we mean by stability of criminal behavior? --
How is stability of criminal behavior measured? --
Issues related to measurement of stability: --
Modes of stability --
Homotypic and heterotypic indicators --
Law of longitudinal relationships --
Empirical findings on stability --
Review of stability of problem behavior --
Conclusion --
Continuity In Antisocial Potential: --
Continuity --
Heterotypic, homotypic, and cumulative continuity --
State dependence and heterogeneity --
Sources of continuity --
Genetic continuity --
Person-environment interactions: --
Evocative person-environment interactions --
Proactive person-environment interactions --
Reactive person-environment interactions --
Conclusion --
Genetics And Crime: --
Early biological explanations --
Biological rejection --
New study of biology and behavior --
Behavioral genetic study of criminality: --
Behavioral genetic models --
Early findings from twin and adoption studies --
Contemporary studies --
Conclusion --
Introduction To Brain Structure And Basic Functions-Part 1: Hindbrain, Midbrain, And Limbic Structures In The Development Of Criminality: --
Brain development and structure: --
Hindbrain structure and function --
Midbrain structure and function --
Structures of the subcortical (limbic) region --
Conclusion --
Introduction To Brain Structure And Basic Functions-Part 2: Forebrain Formation, Trauma, And Criminal Behavior: --
Forebrain: cortical region: --
Lateralization and the corpus callosum --
Four lobes of the cerebral cortex --
Explaining neural Darwinism: pruning of neural pathways --
Conclusion --
Concepts And Issues In Neuropsychological Functioning: --
Brain structure and functioning of the nervous system: --
Nervous system --
Neurons and their working environment --
Synapses and formation of synaptic paths --
Neurotransmitters --
Nervous system functioning and criminality --
Hormones and their effect on physiology and behavior --
Integrating concepts of physiology and environment --
Conclusion --
Sex Differences In Brain Processes And Laterality: --
Sex differences in hemispheric lateralization --
Effects of androgens and hormones --
Developmental theory of sex differences in criminality --
Conclusion --
Special Topics In The Life Course: Psychopathy, Early Onset, And Drug Influences On Criminality: --
Psychopathy: --
Defining psychopathy --
Research regarding psychopaths --
Early onset: --
Introduction to early onset --
Defining measurement and prevalence of early onset --
Theoretical frameworks regarding perinatal and developmental causes of onset --
Physiological and environmental factors associated with early onset --
Drugs and brain functioning: --
How drugs affect brain functioning --
How drugs affect the brain and physiological functioning --
Section summary --
Individuals And Their Social World: --
Variation left unexplained by genetic influences: --
Changing nature of genetic influences --
Heritability estimates differ across environments and populations --
Brain plasticity is environmentally influenced: --
Humans are neither blank slates nor fully developed at birth --
Correlation and interaction between genes and environment: --
Gene-environment correlations --
Developmental risk factors: --
Prenatal and perinatal factors and the environment --
Prenatal care --
Perinatal and infancy events --
Exposure to lead and other heavy metals --
Attention Deficit Disorder/Attention Hyperactivity Disorder --
Oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder --
Activity of nervous system: sensation seeking --
Deficits in neuropsychological functioning --
Individuals in their environment: --
Participation in peer networks --
Individuals and the family environment --
Families And Crime: --
Family-crime connection --
Rethinking the parent-crime link --
What do "bad" parents look like? --
Recognizing the limits of parents --
Biosocial understanding of parenting --
Conclusion --
Prepubescence: Infancy And Childhood: --
What do we mean by problem behavior in infancy and childhood? --
Prevalence and frequency of problem behavior in infancy and early childhood --
Continuity in problem behavior over time: --
Boys and girls --
Contemporary understanding of initial differences --
Development across childhood --
Physical growth --
Brain development in context --
Language development --
Social development --
Postpubescence: Adolescence And Adulthood: --
What is adolescence, and why include adulthood? --
Sexual maturation and human development --
Effects of sexual maturation: --
Timing within transitional periods --
Accentuation during transitional periods --
Perturbation --
Adolescent development: --
Choice and structure of life --
Brain development, choice, and adolescent functioning --
Adolescent decision making --
Adult criminals --
Notes on desistance --
Policy Recommendations: --
Contextual factors: --
Remove environmental toxins --
Share information across service providers --
Parenting classes for all serious felons --
Do away with the current child welfare system --
Rework the foster care system --
Victim counseling --
Better training and education of justice professionals --
Later school hours --
Continued research into pharmaceutical therapies for behavioral disorders --
Prior to birth: --
Health care, including mental health care, for pregnant women and infants --
Legally mandated intervention for drug-addicted pregnant women --
At birth: --
Intensive social work for high-risk pregnancies --
After birth: --
Systematic early intervention --
Flagging at-risk kids in doctors' offices --
Training for parents --
Child development: --
Universal preschool with full developmental evaluations --
Males and females are different --
Adolescence: --
Free mental health and drug counseling --
Zero tolerance is foolish --
Juvenile justice system should hold youths accountable and try to rehabilitate them --
Adulthood: --
Treatment and punishment --
Caveats --
Closing thoughts --
References --
Index --
About the authors.
Responsibility: John Paul Wright, University of Cincinnati, Stephen G. Tibbetts, California State University, San Bernardino, Leah E. Daigle, Georgia State University.

Abstract:

This text presents biological and genetic research associated with criminality and examines research into specific environmental agents that cause, facilitate or maintain criminal propensity.  Read more...

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"Without doubt, Criminals in the Making will spark debate, incite controversy and challenge mainstream criminological understanding." -- Kevin M. Beaver

 
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