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Critical thinking skills : developing effective analysis and argument

Author: Stella Cottrell
Publisher: New York : Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.
Series: Palgrave study guides.
Edition/Format:   Book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
Critical Thinking Skills takes the art of analysis and breaks it down into blocks, with explanations, examples, and activities to develop understanding at each stage. This guide to developing reasoning skills applies the techniques to tasks such as reading, note-taking, and writing.
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Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Stella Cottrell
ISBN: 9781403996855 1403996857
OCLC Number: 60320517
Description: xiv, 250 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
Contents: 1. What is critical thinking? --
Introduction --
What is critical thinking? --
Reasoning --
Why develop critical thinking skills? --
Underlying skills and attitudes --
Self-awareness for accurate judgement [sic] --
Personal strategies for critical thinking --
Critical thinking in academic contexts --
Barriers to critical thinking --
Critical thinking : knowledge, skills and attitudes --
Priorities : developing critical thinking abilities --
Summary --
2. How well do you think? : develop your thinking skills --
Introduction --
Assess your thinking skills --
Scoring sheet --
Focusing attention --
Focusing attention : identifying difference --
Focusing attention : recognising [sic] sequence --
Categorising [sic] --
Activity : categorising [sic] text --
Close reading --
Information about the sources --
Answers to activities in chapter 2 --
3. What's their point? : identifying arguments --
Introduction --
The author's position --
Activity : capturing the author's position --
Argument : persuasion through reasons --
Identifying the argument --
Activity : identifying simple arguments --
Activity : reasons and conclusions --
Hunting out the conclusion --
Summary of features --
Summary --
Information about the sources --
Answers to activities in chapter 3 --
4. Is it an argument? : argument and non-argument --
Introduction --
argument and disagreement --
Activity : argument and disagreement --
Non-arguments : description --
Non-arguments : explanations and summaries --
Activity : what type of message? --
Distinguishing argument from other material --
Activity : selecting out the argument --
Summary --
Information about the sources --
Answers to activities in chapter 4 --
5. How well do they say it? : clarity, consistency and structure --
Introduction --
How clear is the author's position? --
Internal consistency --
Activity : internal consistency --
Logical consistency --
Activity : logical consistency --
Independent reasons and joint reasons --
Activity : independent and joint reasons --
Intermediate conclusions --
Intermediate conclusions used as reasons --
Activity : intermediate conclusions --
Summative and logical conclusions --
Activity : summative and logical conclusions --
Logical order --
Activity : logical order --
Summary --
Information about the sources --
Answers to activities in chapter 5 --
6. Reading between the lines : recognising [sic] underlying assumptions and implicit arguments --
Introduction --
Assumptions --
Activity : identify the underlying assumptions --
Identifying hidden assumptions --
Implicit assumptions used as reasons --
Activity : implicit assumptions used as reasons --
False premises --
Activity : false premises --
Implicit arguments --
Activity : implicit arguments --
Denoted and connoted meanings --
Activities : associations and stereotypes --
Activity : denoted and connoted meanings --
Summary --
Information about the sources --
Answers to activities in chapter 6 --
7. Does it add up? : identifying flaws in the argument --
Introduction --
Assuming a causal link --
Correlations and false correlations --
Activity : identify the nature of the link --
Not meeting the necessary conditions --
Not meeting sufficient conditions --
Activity : necessary and sufficient conditions --
False analogies --
Activity : false analogies --
Deflection, complicity and exclusion --
Other types of flawed argument --
Unwarranted leaps and 'castle of cards' --
Emotive language ; attacking the person --
More flaws --
Misrepresentation and trivialisation [sic] --
Tautology ; two wrongs don't make a right --
Summary --
Information about the sources --
Answers to activities in chapter 7 --
8. Where's the proof? : finding and evaluating sources of evidence --
Introduction --
Primary and secondary source materials --
Searching for evidence --
Literature searches --
Reputable sources --
Authenticity and validity --
Currency and reliability --
Selecting the best evidence --
Relevant and irrelevant evidence --
Activity : relevant and irrelevant evidence --
Representative samples --
Activity : representative samples --
Certainty and probability --
Sample sizes and statistical significance --
Over-generalisation [sic] --
Controlling for variables --
Facts and opinions --
Eye-witness testimony --
Triangulation --
Evaluating a body of evidence --
Summary --
Information about the sources --
Answers to activities in chapter 8 --
9. Critical reading and note-making : critical selection, interpretation and noting of source material --
Introduction --
Preparing for critical reading --
Identifying the theoretical perspective --
The relation of theory to argument --
Categorising [sic] and selecting --
Accurate interpretation when reading --
Making notes to support critical reading --
Reading and noting for a purpose --
Concise critical notes : analysing [sic] argument --
Concise critical notes : books --
Concise critical notes : articles and papers --
Critical selection when note-making --
Activity : critical selection --
Commentary on critical selection --
Note your source of information --
Summary --
Information about the sources --
Answers to activities in chapter 9 --
10. Critical, analytical writing : critical thinking when writing --
Introduction --
Characteristics of critical, analytical writing --
Setting the scene for the reader --
Activity : setting the scene for the reader --
Writing up the literature search --
Words used to introduce the line of reasoning --
Words used to reinforce the line of reasoning (2) --
Signposting alternative points of view --
Words used in signpost conclusions --
Words and phrases used to structure the line of reasoning --
Drawing tentative conclusions --
Activity : writing conclusions --
Summary --
Information about the sources --
Answers to activities in chapter 10 --
11. Where's the analysis? : evaluating critical writing --
Introduction --
Checklist for essay 1 --
Evaluate essay 1 --
Evaluation of essay 1 --
Commentary for essay 1 --
Checklist for evaluating essay 2 --
Evaluate essay 2 --
Evaluation of essay 2 --
Commentary on essay 2 --
Evaluating your writing for critical thinking --
Summary --
Texts for activities in chapters 8, 9 and 11 --
Practice activities on longer texts --
Practice 1 : features of an argument --
Answers to practice 1 : features of an argument --
Practice 2 : finding flaws in the argument --
Answers to practice 2 : finding flaws in the argument --
Practice 3 : features of an argument --
Answers to practice 3 : features of an argument --
Practice 4 : finding flaws in the argument --
Answers to practice 4 : finding flaws in the argument --
Appendix. Selected search engines and databases for on-line literature searches.
Series Title: Palgrave study guides.
Responsibility: Stella Cottrell.
More information:

Abstract:

Critical Thinking Skills takes the art of analysis and breaks it down into blocks, with explanations, examples, and activities to develop understanding at each stage. This guide to developing reasoning skills applies the techniques to tasks such as reading, note-taking, and writing.

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