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The critical thinking toolkit

Author: Galen A Foresman; Peter S Fosl; Jamie Carlin Watson
Publisher: Chichester, West Sussex, UK ; Malden, MA : Wiley Blackwell, 2017.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"The Critical Thinking Toolkit is a comprehensive compendium that equips readers with the essential knowledge and methods for clear, analytical, logical thinking and critique in a range of scholarly contexts and everyday situations. It takes an expansive approach to critical thinking by exploring concepts from other disciplines, including evidence and justification from philosophy, cognitive biases and errors from  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Foresman, Galen A.
Critical thinking toolkit.
Hoboken : Wiley, 2016
(DLC) 2016012956
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Galen A Foresman; Peter S Fosl; Jamie Carlin Watson
ISBN: 9780470659960 0470659963 9780470658697 047065869X
OCLC Number: 933590114
Description: xvi, 358 pages ; 24 cm
Contents: Introduction --
The Very Idea of Critical Thinking --
Critical thinking in the formal and empirical sciences --
Critical thinking, critical theory, and critical politics --
Critical thinking, finitude, and self-understanding --
Using this book --
1 Basic Tools for Critical Thinking about Arguments. --
1.1 Claims ; Beliefs and opinions ; Simple and complex claims ; Truth functionality ; 1.2 Arguments ; Logic vs. eristics ; Arguments vs. explanations ; 1.3 Premises ; Enthymemes ; Identifying premises ; 1.4 Conclusions ; Argument structure ; Simple and complex arguments ; Identifying conclusions --
2 More Tools for Critical Thinking about Arguments. --
2.1 Deductive and Inductive Arguments ; Deduction ; Induction ; 2.2 Conditional Claims ; Necessary and sufficient conditions ; Biconditional claims ; 2.3 Classifying and Comparing Claims ; Comparing claims ; Classifying single claims ; 2.4 Claims and Definitions ; Lexical, stipulative, ostensive, and negative definition ; Extension and intension ; Generic similarities and specific differences ; Definiens and definiendum ; 2.5 The Critical Thinkers "Two Step": Validity and Soundness/Cogency and Strength ; Structure before truth ; 2.6 Showing Invalidity by Counterexample ; Note --
3 Tools for Deductive Reasoning with Categories --
3.1 Thinking Categorically ; Types and tokens ; 3.2 Categorical Logic ; Quantity, quality, and standard form ; Venn diagrams and the meaning of categorical claims ; Distribution and its implications ; Existential import ; 3.3 Translating English Claims to Standard Form ; Implicit quantifiers ; Individuals ; Getting the verb right ; Adverbials ; Trust your instincts ; A caveat ; 3.4 Formal Deduction with Categories: Immediate Inferences ; Equivalences ; Conversion ; Contraposition ; Obversion ; The Aristotelian and Boolean Squares of Opposition ; 3.5 Formal Deduction with Categories: Syllogisms ; Categorical syllogisms ; Major and minor terms ; Mood and figure ; The Venn diagram test for validity ; Five easy rules for evaluating categorical syllogisms ; Gensler star test --
4 Tools for Deductive Reasoning with Claims. --
4.1 Propositional vs. Categorical Logics ; Translating claims into propositional logic ; Truth tables for claims ; Testing for validity and invalidity with truth tables ; Indirect truth tables ; Strange validity ; 4.2 Common Deductively Valid Forms ; Modus ponens ; Modus tollens ; Hypothetical syllogism ; Disjunctive syllogism ; Constructive and destructive dilemmas ; 4.3 Equivalences ; Double negation ; Tautology ; Commutativity ; Associativity ; Transposition ; Material implication ; Material equivalence ; Exportation ; Distribution ; DeMorgans Law ; 4.4 Formal Deduction with Forms and Equivalences ; Three simple rules ; 4.5 Common Formal Fallacies ; Affirming the consequent.
Responsibility: Galen A. Foresman, Peter S. Fosl, and Jamie C. Watson.

Abstract:

The Critical Thinking Toolkit is a comprehensive compendium that equips readers with the essential knowledge and methods for clear, analytical, logical thinking and critique in a range of scholarly  Read more...

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