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Crop physiology : applications for genetic improvement and agronomy

Author: Victor Sadras; Daniel Calderini
Publisher: Amsterdam : Academic Press, 2014.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : English : Second editionView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
From climate change to farming systems to genetic modification of organisms, Crop Physiology, Second Edition provides a practical tool for understanding the relationships and challenges of successful cropping. With a focus on genetic improvement and agronomy, this book addresses the challenges of environmentally sound production of bulk and quality food, fodder, fiber, and energy which are of ongoing international  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Victor Sadras; Daniel Calderini
ISBN: 9780124169791 0124169791
OCLC Number: 894611384
Notes: Previous edition: 2009.
Description: 1 online resource
Contents: Cover; Title Page; Copyright Page; Contents; List of contributors; Preface; References; Acknowledgments; Chapter 1 --
Crop physiology: applications for breeding and agronomy; 1 --
Introduction; 2 --
Levels of organization and scalability; 3 --
Book structure and themes; 3.1 --
Part 1: Farming Systems; 3.2 --
Part 2: Resources --
carbon, nitrogen and water; 3.3 --
Part 3: Physiological applications in breeding and agronomy; References; Part I --
Farming systems; Chapter 2 --
High-yield maize-soybean cropping systems in the US Corn Belt; 1 --
Introduction; 2 --
Cropping systems; 2.1 --
Weather and soils. 2.2 --
Crop management3 --
Productivity and resource-use efficiency; 3.1 --
Resource requirements for high yields; 3.2 --
Time trends in yields and input-use efficiency; 3.3 --
Drivers for higher yields and efficiencies; 3.3.1 --
Maize; Genetic Drivers; Agronomic Drivers; G × A interaction; 3.3.2 --
Soybean; Genetic Drivers; Agronomic Drivers; G × A interaction; 4 --
Challenges to higher yields and efficiencies; 5 --
Concluding remarks; References; Chapter 3 --
Farming systems in China: Innovations for sustainable crop production; 1 --
Introduction; 2 --
The abiotic environments for crop production. 2.1 --
Climatic conditions and historical changes2.2 --
Soil conditions, land use and historical changes; 3 --
Farming system diversity and spatial distribution; 3.1 --
Major grain crops; 3.2 --
Grain-based cropping systems; 4 --
Yield enhancement via genetic improvement and agronomic innovation; 4.1 --
Trends in grain production; 4.2 --
Contribution of genetic improvement; 4.3 --
Contribution of agronomic innovation; 4.3.1 --
Soil tillage; 4.3.2 --
Cropping season optimization; 4.3.3 --
Rice cropping technique innovation; 5 --
Attempts to improve resource-use efficiency. 5.1 --
Conservation agriculture for high water-use efficiency5.2 --
Innovations for improving nitrogen fertilizer-use efficiency; 6 --
Cropping responses and adaptations to warming; 6.1 --
Crop phenology responses; 6.2 --
Crop yield responses; 6.3 --
Adaptations of cropping systems to warming in northeast China; 7 --
Concluding remarks; References; Chapter 4 --
Improving farming systems in northern Europe; 1 --
Special features of northern European conditions for crop production; 1.1 --
Harsh winters; 1.2 --
Short and intensive growing seasons. 1.3 --
Early summer drought and uneven distribution of precipitation2 --
Adaptation: a matter of crop responses when coping with northern conditions; 2.1 --
Development and growth: the need to hurry; 2.1.1 --
Phenophases; 2.1.2 --
Role of main yield-determining components and compensation between them; 2.1.3 --
Dynamics of tillering; 2.1.4 --
Adaptation to over-wintering; 3 --
Gaps between potential and actual yields; 3.1 --
Changes in yield trends in northern growing areas; 3.1.1 --
Steady increases in genetic gains; 3.1.2 --
Periodic fluctuation in realization of existing genetic yield potential. 4 --
Challenges and practices in attempting to improve sustainability.
Responsibility: edited by Victor O. Sadras and Daniel F. Calderini.

Abstract:

From climate change to farming systems to genetic modification of organisms, Crop Physiology, Second Edition provides a practical tool for understanding the relationships and challenges of successful cropping. With a focus on genetic improvement and agronomy, this book addresses the challenges of environmentally sound production of bulk and quality food, fodder, fiber, and energy which are of ongoing international concern. The second edition of Crop Physiology continues to provide a unique analysis of these topics while reflecting important changes and advances in the relevant science and implementation systems. Contemporary agriculture confronts the challenge of increasing demand in terms of quantitative and qualitative production targets. These targets have to be achieved against the background of soil and water scarcity, worldwide and regional shifts in the patterns of land use driven by both climate change and the need to develop crop-based sources of energy, and the environmental and social aspects of agricultural sustainability.

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