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Cross-border taxation of permanent establishments : an international comparison

Author: Andreas Waltrich
Publisher: Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International, [2016]
Series: Series on International taxation, volume 59
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
"The permanent establishment (PE) is a legal form of cross-border direct investment whereby a business presence is maintained as an integral part of the foreign investor. Due to the growing intensity and complexity of international business relations, the PE definition and the allocation of profits between head units and PEs have become highly contentious, especially from the perspectives of the major emerging  Read more...
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Andreas Waltrich
ISBN: 9789041168320 904116832X
OCLC Number: 959080969
Description: xxiii, 328 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm.
Contents: Introduction --
Fundamentals and objective --
Source taxation of business profits according to the OECD model --
Source taxation of business profits from a national point of view of Germany, the US and the BRIC states --
Cross-country analysis of the OECD and national PE concepts and the rules on the attribution of business income --
Reform proposals with regard to the PE definition and the attribution of business profits --
Final conclusion in the form of theses.
Series Title: Series on International taxation, volume 59
Responsibility: Andreas Waltrich.

Abstract:

"The permanent establishment (PE) is a legal form of cross-border direct investment whereby a business presence is maintained as an integral part of the foreign investor. Due to the growing intensity and complexity of international business relations, the PE definition and the allocation of profits between head units and PEs have become highly contentious, especially from the perspectives of the major emerging economies of the BRIC countries (Brazil, Russia, India, and China). Unsurprisingly, the potential for tax avoidance and the scrutiny of tax authorities have increased enormously. Against this background, this work illustrates and compares the OECD Model Tax Convention with country-specific source taxation rules, focusing on possible tax system changes and offering reform proposals. Ensuring the taxable implications of the various rules upon country-specific PE concepts, the author's treatment covers such issues and topics as the following: the PE definition of the OECD MC and from the perspective of selected countries; allocation of business profits under the authorised OECD approach (AOA); avoidance of PE status; implementation of a service PE proposal; construction site PEs established by subcontractors; existence of an agency PE; and the OECD project on base erosion and profit sharing (BEPS). The author uses simulated cross-border national and treaty cases to highlight qualification conflicts, thus reinforcing his detailed discussion of source taxation rules of business profits and relevant case law in Germany, the United States, and the BRIC states. This book discusses qualification conflicts of PE taxation in cross-border cases and analyses risks of double and non-taxation and increasing complexity. There is also a checklist detailing how companies can avoid unintentionally setting up a PE."--

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