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The cryosphere and global environmental change

Author: Olav Slaymaker; Richard E J Kelly
Publisher: Malden, MA : Blackwell Pub., 2007.
Series: Environmental systems and global change series.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"The cryosphere is an essential member of the globe's environmental systems, with a unique sensitivity to climate change at all spatial and temporal scales. This is the first textbook to consider all aspects of the cryosphere system (ice sheets, sea ice, snow, river and lake ice, glaciers, and permafrost) in the context of global environmental change driven by human activity and climate. As well as clearly  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Textbooks
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Olav Slaymaker; Richard E J Kelly
ISBN: 9781405129763 140512976X
OCLC Number: 71842637
Description: xviii, 261 pages : illustrations (some color), maps (some color) ; 25 cm.
Contents: List of permissions --
Preface --
1. The evidence for cryospheric change --
1.1. Introduction --
1.2. The geomorphic and hydrologic effects of cryospheric change --
1.3. Subarctic and alpine hydrology --
1.4. Glacier loss and mountain permafrost --
1.5. Permafrost --
1.6. The carbon balance of the cryosphere --
1.7. River and lake ice break-up and freeze-up --
1.8. Ocean circulation --
1.9. The mass balance of the polar ice sheets --
1.10. Sea level --
1.11. Importance of sea ice --
1.12. Ecological impacts --
1.13. Socioeconomic effects --
1.14. Conclusions --
2. Traditional in situ approaches to the monitoring of cryospheric change --
2.1. Introduction --
2.1. In situ measurements --
2.2.1. Land surface air temperature --
2.2.2. Terrestrial snow an snow on sea ice --
2.2.3. Sea ice --
2.2.4. Ice sheets and alpine glaciers --
2.2.5. Permafrost and seasonally frozen ground --
2.2.6. River runoff --
2.2.7. River and lake ice break-up and freeze-up --
2.3. Conclusions. 3. Processes of cryospheric change --
3.1. Introduction --
3.2. Snow and ice as energy regulators --
3.2.1. The energetics of the snow surface --
3.2.2. The energetics of the snowpack --
3.2.3. The energetics of glaciers --
3.2.4. The energetics of sea ice and various terrain types --
3.2.5. Permafrost --
3.3. Snow and ice reservoir functions --
3.3.1. Mass budget for snow --
3.3.2. Mass balance for glacier ice --
3.3.3. The mass balance of an ice sheet --
3.3.4. Mass balance of sea ice --
3.4. Snowfall --
3.4.1. Interception by vegetation --
3.4.2. Snow accumulation --
3.4.3. Snow cover structure --
3.5. Snow avalanches --
3.6. Snowmelt, runoff, and streamflow generation --
3.7. Snow chemistry --
3.8. Snow ecology --
3.9. Glacier melt --
3.10. Formation of an ice cover --
3.11. River and lake ice --
3.12. Sediment budgets. 4. Patterns of the contemporary cryosphere at local to global scales --
4.1. Introduction --
4.2. Remote sensing observations --
4.3. Land and sea surface temperature --
4.3.1. Terrestrial snow and snow on sea ice --
4.3.2. Sea ice --
4.3.3. Ice sheets and glaciers : estimation of volume --
4.3.4. Ice sheets and glaciers : mass balance components --
4.3.5. Permafrost --
4.3.6. River runoff --
4.3.7. River and lake ice break-up and freeze-up --
4.4. Numerical models --
4.5. Conclusions : validation, coordinated projects, and climate data records --
5. The evidence for past cryospheric changes --
5.1. Introduction --
5.2. The uniqueness of the quaternary period --
5.3. Initiation of glacial ages --
5.4. Reconstructing the extent of glacial environments --
5.5. Extreme events --
5.6. Ice sheet modeling --
5.6.1. The Antarctic ice sheet --
5.6.2. Greenland --
5.6.3. North America : Innuitian, Laurentide, and Cordilleran ice sheets --
5.6.4. British Isles, Scandinavian, and Barents ice sheets --
5.6.5. The Patagonian and New Zealand ice caps --
5.7. Nonglacial quaternary environments --
5.7.1. Late quaternary permafrost in North America and Europe --
5.7.2. Treeline variations --
5.7.3. Climatic snowline --
5.7.4. Glacier fluctuations --
5.7.5. Paraglaciation. 6. The transience of the cryosphere and transitional landscapes --
6.1. Introduction --
6.1.1 The landscape as palimpsest --
6.2. Glacial landscapes : macro-scale --
6.2.1. Cirque landscapes --
6.2.2. Fjord and strandflat landscapes --
6.3. Periglacial landscapes : macro-scale --
6.4. Paraglacial landscapes : macro-scale --
6.5. Glacial landscapes : medium-scale --
6.5.1. The transition from glacial to fluvial dominance --
6.6. Proglacial landscapes : medium-scale --
6.6.1. Glacifluvial landforms --
6.6.2. The channeled scablands --
6.6.3. Subglacial channels --
6.6.4. Subglacial, ice-marginal, and supraglacial sediment-landform associations --
6.7. Periglacial landscapes : medium -scale --
6.7.1. The transition from periglacial to fluvial dominance --
6.8. Paraglacial landscapes : medium-scale --
6.9. Glacial landscapes : local-scale --
6.9.1. Primary glacigenic deposits --
6.9.2. Small-scale erosional forms --
6.10. Proglacial landscapes : local-scale --
6.11. Periglacial landscapes : local-scale --
6.12. Paraglacial landscapes : local-scale --
6.13. Landscape resistance, collapse, and recovery --
6.14. Transitional landscapes at Quaternary, Holocene, and Anthropocene timescales. 7. Cryospheric change and vulnerability at Quaternary, Holocene, and Anthropocene time scales --
7.1. Introduction --
7.2. Panarchy --
7.2.1. Panarchy, sustainability, and transformability --
7.2.2. Collapse and the vulnerability of socioeconomic systems --
7.3. Changing ice cover and biomes since the last glacial maximum --
7.3.1. The last glacial maximum --
7.3.2. The Holocene optimum --
7.4. The first explorers in North America --
7.5. Implications of cryospheric change/collapse --
7.5.1. Snow quantity --
7.5.2. Snow quality --
7.5.3. River and lake ice --
7.5.4. Permafrost --
7.5.5. Glaciers --
7.5.6. River basins --
7.5.7. Sea ice --
7.5.8. Ice sheets --
7.5.9. Sea level change --
7.5.10. Carbon sequestration --
7.5.11. Vegetation --
7.5.12. Polar bears --
7.5.13. Human health --
7.5.14. Persistent organic pollutants --
7.5.15. Sociocultural conditions and health status --
7.5.16. Livelihoods and socioeconomic conditions --
7.5.17. Governance --
References --
Index.
Series Title: Environmental systems and global change series.
Responsibility: by Olav Slaymaker and Richard E.J. Kelly.
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Abstract:

Considers all six aspects of the cryosphere ice sheets, glacier ice, permafrost, river and lake ice, sea ice and snow in the context of global environmental change driven by human activity  Read more...

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"An interesting book with some new and fresh perspectives from which to view cryospheric change. There are seven well-illustrated chapters in total... The book is very well written, well illustrated Read more...

 
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