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## Details

Genre/Form: | Electronic books |
---|---|

Additional Physical Format: | Print version: Hashimoto, Kōji, Dr. D-brane. Berlin ; New York : Springer, ©2012 (DLC) 2011944016 (OCoLC)744297247 |

Material Type: | Document, Internet resource |

Document Type: | Internet Resource, Computer File |

All Authors / Contributors: |
Koji Hashimoto |

ISBN: | 9783642235740 3642235743 |

OCLC Number: | 773812736 |

Language Note: | Translated from Japanese. |

Notes: | Original Japanese version published: University of Tokyo Press, 2006. |

Description: | 1 online resource (xiiii, 165 pages) : illustrations |

Contents: | 1. From elementary particles to D-Branes and strings -- 1.1 String theory and problems in elementary particle physics -- 1.2 What is D-Brane? -- 1.3 Organization of this book -- 2. Solitons and elementary particle physics -- 2.1 Elementary particle physics and field theory -- 2.1.1 Fields -- 2.1.2 Equation of motion, quantization and elementary particles -- 2.1.3 Problems in elementary particle physics -- 2.2 What is soliton? -- 2.2.1 Field theory and soliton -- 2.2.2 Elementary particles versus solitons -- 2.3 Symmetries in field theories and solitons -- 2.3.1 Symmetry breaking, tachyons, vacuum condensation -- 2.3.2 Solitons emerging from spontaneous symmetry breaking -- 2.3.3 Vortex: soliton in two dimensions -- 2.3.4 Monopole : soliton in three dimensions -- 2.4 Importance of soliton : observation and duality -- 2.4.1 Observing soliton : monopole in grand unified theory -- 2.4.2 Duality and soliton : solving difficulties in field theory -- 3. Dimensions of solitons, dimensions of string theory -- 3.1 Dimensions of solitons and Braneworld -- 3.1.1 Solitons and dimensions -- 3.1.2 Cosmic string : vortex in three dimensions -- 3.1.3 Braneworld -- 3.1.4 How to live on solitons? 3.2 Higher dimensions and compactification in string theory -- 3.2.1 Species of string theories -- 3.2.2 Spectrum of string theory : relation between particles and strings -- 3.2.3 Compactified spacetime -- 3.2.4 Compactification and unified theory -- 4. D-branes -- 4.1 Soliton of string theory is a black hole -- 4.1.1 Strings and charges of tensor fields -- 4.1.2 Equation of motion of string theory -- 4.1.3 Black hole -- 4.1.4 Soliton of string theory = charged black brane -- 4.1.5 Black branes with magnetic charge -- 4.2 Emergence of D-branes -- 4.2.1 D-branes : space on which strings can end -- 4.2.2 Black branes and D-branes -- 4.2.3 Duality symmetry exchanging strings and D-branes -- 5. Dynamical D-branes -- 5.1 D-branes moving and merging -- 5.1.1 Moving D-branes -- 5.1.2 D-brane merger -- 5.2 Non-abelian gauge theories on D-branes and solitons -- 5.2.1 D-branes generating non-abelian gauge theories -- 5.2.2 Seeing monopoles : D-brane prediction of new solitons -- 5.3 Creation/annihilation of D-branes and tachyon condensation -- 5.3.1 Pair-annihilation of D-branes and anti-D-branes -- 5.3.2 Creation of D-branes -- 5.3.3 Reconnection of intersecting D-branes -- 6. Application of D-brane physics -- 6.1 Application I : Braneworld -- 6.1.1 Beyond the standard model of elementary particles -- 6.1.2 Standard model and hierarchy problem -- 6.1.3 Braneworld -- 6.1.4 Creation of black holes at experiments -- 6.1.5 Solving hierarchy problem by curved extra dimensions -- 6.1.6 String theory and Braneworld -- 6.2 Application II : inflationary cosmology in higher dimensions -- 6.2.1 Inflation cosmology -- 6.2.2 The motion of D-branes and inflamation -- 6.2.3 The end of inflation and annihilation of D-branes -- 6.2.4 Why do we live in four spacetime dimensions? 6.3 Application III : Black hole entropy -- 6.3.1 Black holes and quantum mechanics -- 6.3.2 D-brane configuration representing black holes -- 6.3.3 Derivation of entropy formula by D-branes -- 6.4 Applications IV: Holography -- quarks and strings -- 6.4.1 String theory and quantum chromodynamics -- 6.4.2 Large N Limit : from Gluons to string worldsheet -- 6.4.3 Gauge/gravity correspondence : equivalence between non-abelian gauge theory and gravity -- 6.4.4 Validity of gravity and emergence of large N limit -- 6.4.5 Deriving inter-quark potential by gravity -- 6.4.6 Coincidence of symmetries in gauge/gravity correspondence -- 6.4.7 Toward further understanding of quarks -- 7. Toward a description of ultimate theory -- 7.1 Definition of string theory? -- 7.2 D-branes and their dimensions -- 7.3 M-theory : emergence of 11-dimensional spacetime -- 7.4 Matrix theory : M-theory made by D0-branes -- 7.5 Further developments in string theory, for building ultimate theory. |

Responsibility: | Koji Hashimoto ; [translated by Haruko Hashimoto and Koji Hashimoto]. |

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## Reviews

*Editorial reviews*

Publisher Synopsis

From the reviews: "The book is a masterpiece on the understanding of D-Branes in String Theory. The book is very well written and the organization is perfect! If you are interested in to learn D-branes ... this is the right book for you. ... And also the end of the book presents some speculations how the branes can or could be used to establish a unification theory of the physical reality and this part is indeed amazing I recommend you check this book." (Philosophy, Religion and Science Book Reviews, bookinspections.wordpress.com, December, 2013) "This is a very commendable book indeed. It is, in my opinion, an excellent introduction to the subject of D-branes. ... I do recommend this book for all undergraduates and potential researchers wanting to start working with D-branes ... ." (Paulo Moniz, Mathematical Reviews, August, 2013) "The book is written for undergraduates as well as for graduate students. Hashimoto minimizes the assumed knowledge of the reader and provides a short path to the frontier research results. After a brief explanation of general string theory the main covered topics are: (1) the general braneworld scenario, (2) black hole production in experiment, (3) braneworld cosmology and inflation, (4) counting states of black holes using superstring theory, (5) AdS/CFT correspondence." (Gert Roepstorff, Zentralblatt MATH, Vol. 1238, 2012) Read more...

*User-contributed reviews*

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