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D-brane : superstrings and new perspective of our world

Autore: Koji Hashimoto
Editore: Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2012.
Edizione/Formato:   eBook : Document : EnglishVedi tutte le edizioni e i formati
Banca dati:WorldCat
Sommario:
Superstring theory is a promising theory which can potentially unify all the forces and the matters in particle physics. A new multi-dimensional object which is called "D-brane" was found. It drastically changed our perspective of a unified world. We may live on membrane-like hypersurfaces in higher dimensions ("braneworld scenario"), or we can create blackholes at particle accelarators, or the dynamics of quarks is  Per saperne di più…
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Dettagli

Genere/forma: Electronic books
Informazioni aggiuntive sul formato: Print version:
Hashimoto, Kōji, Dr.
D-brane.
Berlin ; New York : Springer, c2012
(DLC) 2011944016
(OCoLC)744297247
Tipo materiale: Document, Risorsa internet
Tipo documento: Internet Resource, Computer File
Tutti gli autori / Collaboratori: Koji Hashimoto
ISBN: 9783642235740 3642235743
Numero OCLC: 773812736
Nota sulla lingua: Translated from Japanese.
Note: Original Japanese version published: University of Tokyo Press, 2006.
Descrizione: 1 online resource (xiiii, 165 p.) : ill.
Contenuti: 1. From elementary particles to D-Branes and strings --
1.1 String theory and problems in elementary particle physics --
1.2 What is D-Brane? --
1.3 Organization of this book --
2. Solitons and elementary particle physics --
2.1 Elementary particle physics and field theory --
2.1.1 Fields --
2.1.2 Equation of motion, quantization and elementary particles --
2.1.3 Problems in elementary particle physics --
2.2 What is soliton? --
2.2.1 Field theory and soliton --
2.2.2 Elementary particles versus solitons --
2.3 Symmetries in field theories and solitons --
2.3.1 Symmetry breaking, tachyons, vacuum condensation --
2.3.2 Solitons emerging from spontaneous symmetry breaking --
2.3.3 Vortex: soliton in two dimensions --
2.3.4 Monopole : soliton in three dimensions --
2.4 Importance of soliton : observation and duality --
2.4.1 Observing soliton : monopole in grand unified theory --
2.4.2 Duality and soliton : solving difficulties in field theory --
3. Dimensions of solitons, dimensions of string theory --
3.1 Dimensions of solitons and Braneworld --
3.1.1 Solitons and dimensions --
3.1.2 Cosmic string : vortex in three dimensions --
3.1.3 Braneworld --
3.1.4 How to live on solitons? 3.2 Higher dimensions and compactification in string theory --
3.2.1 Species of string theories --
3.2.2 Spectrum of string theory : relation between particles and strings --
3.2.3 Compactified spacetime --
3.2.4 Compactification and unified theory --
4. D-branes --
4.1 Soliton of string theory is a black hole --
4.1.1 Strings and charges of tensor fields --
4.1.2 Equation of motion of string theory --
4.1.3 Black hole --
4.1.4 Soliton of string theory = charged black brane --
4.1.5 Black branes with magnetic charge --
4.2 Emergence of D-branes --
4.2.1 D-branes : space on which strings can end --
4.2.2 Black branes and D-branes --
4.2.3 Duality symmetry exchanging strings and D-branes --
5. Dynamical D-branes --
5.1 D-branes moving and merging --
5.1.1 Moving D-branes --
5.1.2 D-brane merger --
5.2 Non-abelian gauge theories on D-branes and solitons --
5.2.1 D-branes generating non-abelian gauge theories --
5.2.2 Seeing monopoles : D-brane prediction of new solitons --
5.3 Creation/annihilation of D-branes and tachyon condensation --
5.3.1 Pair-annihilation of D-branes and anti-D-branes --
5.3.2 Creation of D-branes --
5.3.3 Reconnection of intersecting D-branes --
6. Application of D-brane physics --
6.1 Application I : Braneworld --
6.1.1 Beyond the standard model of elementary particles --
6.1.2 Standard model and hierarchy problem --
6.1.3 Braneworld --
6.1.4 Creation of black holes at experiments --
6.1.5 Solving hierarchy problem by curved extra dimensions --
6.1.6 String theory and Braneworld --
6.2 Application II : inflationary cosmology in higher dimensions --
6.2.1 Inflation cosmology --
6.2.2 The motion of D-branes and inflamation --
6.2.3 The end of inflation and annihilation of D-branes --
6.2.4 Why do we live in four spacetime dimensions? 6.3 Application III : Black hole entropy --
6.3.1 Black holes and quantum mechanics --
6.3.2 D-brane configuration representing black holes --
6.3.3 Derivation of entropy formula by D-branes --
6.4 Applications IV: Holography --
quarks and strings --
6.4.1 String theory and quantum chromodynamics --
6.4.2 Large N Limit : from Gluons to string worldsheet --
6.4.3 Gauge/gravity correspondence : equivalence between non-abelian gauge theory and gravity --
6.4.4 Validity of gravity and emergence of large N limit --
6.4.5 Deriving inter-quark potential by gravity --
6.4.6 Coincidence of symmetries in gauge/gravity correspondence --
6.4.7 Toward further understanding of quarks --
7. Toward a description of ultimate theory --
7.1 Definition of string theory? --
7.2 D-branes and their dimensions --
7.3 M-theory : emergence of 11-dimensional spacetime --
7.4 Matrix theory : M-theory made by D0-branes --
7.5 Further developments in string theory, for building ultimate theory.
Responsabilità: Koji Hashimoto ; [translated by Haruko Hashimoto and Koji Hashimoto].
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Abstract:

Opening with a summary of long-standing problems in elementary particle physics, this book explains the newly discovered multi-dimensional objects called D-branes, describes their application and  Per saperne di più…

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From the reviews: "The book is a masterpiece on the understanding of D-Branes in String Theory. The book is very well written and the organization is perfect! If you are interested in to learn Per saperne di più…

 
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