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Decision theory as philosophy

Author: Mark Kaplan
Publisher: Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
It has been over sixty years since Ramsey first argued for the significance of decision theory to epistemology. Yet many philosophers remain unconvinced. The familiar probabilistic constraints decision theory imposes on opinion and confirmation seem too demanding, too prudential in nature and too tangential to our concern with the propriety of categorical belief and knowledge. How important are these concerns? Mark  Read more...
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Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Mark Kaplan
ISBN: 0521475058 9780521475051 9780521624961 0521624967
OCLC Number: 32236438
Description: xv, 227 pages ; 24 cm
Contents: Ch. 1. Confidence --
I. Decision Problem --
II. Five Principles --
III. Decision Problem Solved --
IV. Modest Probabilism --
V. Sin of False Precision --
VI. Countable Additivity --
VII. Philosophical Objections --
Ch. 2. Evidence --
I. Puzzle about Evidence --
II. Evidence and Confidence --
III. Puzzle Solved --
IV. "Popperian Animadversions" --
V. Evidence and Conditionalization --
VI. Argument for Conditionalization --
VII. Argument Disarmed --
VIII. Reflection --
IX. Evidence: Quality vs. Quantity --
X. Subjectivism --
Ch. 3. Bayesian Challenge --
I. What about Belief? --
II. Certainty View --
III. Confidence Threshold View --
IV. Bayesian Challenge --
Ch. 4. Rational Belief --
I. Bayesian Challenge Revisited --
II. Acting on Beliefs --
III. Assertion View --
IV. Deductive Cogency: A Puzzle --
V. Structural Soundness --
VI. Adjudicating between Theories --
VII. Global Interests --
VIII. Puzzle Solved --
IX. Believing the Improbable --
X. Assertion View: Objections --
Ch. 5. Bayesian Canon --
I. Dutch Book Argument --
II. Ramsey's Utility Theory --
III. Degrees of Belief Constrained --
IV. Three Objections --
V. Savage and Jeffrey --
Ch. 6. Decision Theory as Epistemology --
I. Staking the Claim --
II. Naturalists Object --
III. Methodological Moral. Appendix 1: Principles and Definitions --
Appendix 2: Proofs --
Appendix 3: Probabilism --
Some Elementary Theorems.
Responsibility: Mark Kaplan.
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Abstract:

The author presents an accessible new variant on Bayesian decision theory. The book also offers new solutions to some classic paradoxes. It focuses on the intuitive motivations of the Bayesian  Read more...

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