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|Additional Physical Format:||Print version:
Munn, Mark Henderson.
Defense of Attica.
Berkeley : University of California Press, c1993
|Material Type:||Internet resource|
|Document Type:||Internet Resource, Computer File|
|All Authors / Contributors:||
Mark Henderson Munn
|Description:||1 online resource (xx, 259 p.) : ill., maps.|
|Contents:||Pt. 1. Introduction. 1. The study of Attic fortifications --
Pt. 2. The Dema Wall. 2. The Dema wall, form and function. 3. The Dema tower. 4. The date of the Dema wall --
Pt. 3. The Boiotian War. 5. The defense of Attica, 378-375 B.C. --
Pt. 4. Postscript. 6. The defense of Attica in the fourth century --
Appendix I: The Dema wall saltcellar --
Appendix II: Fighting in the Aigaleos-Parnes gap in 1826-27 --
Appendix III: Chabrias and his mercenaries, 379/8 --
Appendix IV: Xenophon and Diodoros on the surrender of the Kadmeia --
Appendix V: Isokrates 14, Plataikos, and rhetorical distortion --
Appendix VI: Spartan, Theban, and Athenian forces in 378 --
Appendix VII: The treaty of 375 - bilateral or multilateral?
|Responsibility:||Mark H. Munn.|
Though Theban and Athenian plans were almost thwarted by the Spartans, the Athenians secured their ascendancy through a boldly innovative defense strategy, the heart of which was the Dema wall. For those who have seen it, the Dema wall demands an explanation. A monumental work, the barrier wall closed a key pass into the plain of Athens against an invader from the west. Since no ancient reference to it survives, scholars have contested the date and purpose of the wall's construction, placing it anywhere between the Geometric Age and Hellenistic eras, as part of the general defense perimeter around Athens.
By 1979 the growth of modern Athens threatened to destroy the wall; quarries and a city dump surrounded it. This endangerment prompted the Greek Archaeological Service to invite Munn to direct the excavation of a watchtower above the wall. Skillfully combining evidence from his archaeological fieldwork with historical arguments, Munn demonstrates that the Dema wall was erected as a military obstacle to Spartan invasion on the specific occasion of the Boiotian War, and that its presence affected not only the strategy of the Spartan generals, but, ultimately, the outcome of the war. In The Defense of Attica, the Boiotian War becomes, for the first time, the focus of a modern work. Munn treats the reader to a lively and absorbing narrative account of this episode. His vivid descriptions and effective use of extracts from literary sources bring opposing generals, military tactics and battle scenes to life.